fer

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (unstressed) IPA(key): /fə(ɹ)/
    • (file)

Preposition[edit]

fer

  1. (dialectal, especially Britain) Pronunciation spelling of for.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin facere.

Verb[edit]

fer

  1. to do

Conjugation[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Occitan far, from Latin facere, present active infinitive of faciō, from Proto-Italic *fakiō, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (to put, place, set).

Verb[edit]

fer (first-person singular present faig, past participle fet)

  1. to make, produce
    Fer vinagre.To make vinegar.
    Aquesta terra fa molt bon blat.This land produces very good wheat.
    Quatre i quatre fan vuit.Four and four make eight.
    Fer d'un enemic un aliat.To turn an enemy into an ally.
  2. to make up
    Els jubilats fan un quart de la població.Retired people make up a quarter of the population.
  3. to do, to cause to be done
  4. to make do
  5. to give
    El primer marit li va fer dos fills.Her first husband gave her two sons.
    Feu-me mig quilo de formatge.Give me half a kilo of cheese.
  6. to lay
    La canària ha fet un ou.The canary has laid an egg.
  7. to cause
  8. to go
  9. (impersonal, of weather) to be
    Fa fred!It is cold!
  10. to play
  11. to measure
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Occitan [Term?] (compare Occitan fèr), from Latin ferus (compare French fier, Spanish fiero), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰwer-.

Adjective[edit]

fer (feminine fera, masculine plural fers, feminine plural feres)

  1. wild (untamed, not domesticated)
Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fer

  1. third-person singular present of fara

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French fer, from Old French fer, from Latin ferrum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fer m (plural fers)

  1. iron
  2. shoe (for horse); steel tip
  3. (golf) iron
  4. iron (appliance)
  5. (in the plural, archaic) irons, fetters

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Antillean Creole:
  • Haitian Creole:
  • Karipúna Creole French:
  • Louisiana Creole French: fèr,

Further reading[edit]


Hunsrik[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Pennsylvania German fer, German für and English for.

Preposition[edit]

fer

  1. for

Further reading[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Verb[edit]

fer

  1. inflection of fara:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. third-person singular present indicative

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

fer

  1. first-person singular present active subjunctive of for
  2. second-person singular present active imperative of ferō

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish fer, from Proto-Celtic *wiros, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fer m (plural fir)

  1. man
    Cha nel mee lowal rish y fer aeg shen.I do not approve of that young man.
  2. one (modified by an adjective or demonstrative, referring to an object or animal)
    Ta fer jiarg aym.I have a red one [e.g. chair].
    Ta mee fakin kiare fir ghlassey.I see four green ones [e.g. birds].
    By vie lhiam yn fer shen.I would like that one [e.g. toy].
  3. used as a dummy noun to support a number, referring to a person, object or animal
    Ta fer ennagh ayns shoh laccal dy akin oo.There's a fellow here who wants to see you.
    Ta fer aym.I have one [e.g. chair].
    Ta mee fakin kiare fir.I see four [e.g. birds].

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fer er ver
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Mauritian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French faire.

Verb[edit]

fer (medial form fer)

  1. To make
  2. To do

Derived terms[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English feorr.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fer

  1. far, distant
    • a. 1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, “General Prologue”, in The Canterbury Tales, line 493:
      Wide was hys pariſſhe, & houſes ferre a ſondre []
      Wide was his parish, and houses far asunder []
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English fǣr, from Proto-West Germanic *fāru, from Proto-Germanic *fērō.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fer (uncountable)

  1. fear
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French fer.

Noun[edit]

fer m (plural fers)

  1. iron (metal)
  2. (by extension) (iron) sword

Descendants[edit]

  • French: fer (see there for further descendants)

Middle Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish fer, from Primitive Irish *ᚃᚔᚏᚐᚄ (*viras), from Proto-Celtic *wiros, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fer m (genitive fir, nominative plural fir)

  1. man
    • c. 1000, Anonymous; published in (1935), Rudolf Thurneysen, editor, Scéla Mucca Meic Dathó, Dublin: Staionery Office, § 1, l. 13, page 2: “In fer no·t⟨h⟩ēged iarsint ṡligi do·bered in n-aēl isin coiri, ocus a·taibred din chētgabāil, iss ed no·ithed. [Each man who came along the way would put the flesh-fork into the cauldron, and whatever he got at the first taking, it was that which he ate. (literally, The man who…)]”

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fer ḟer fer
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Norman[edit]

Norman Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nrm

Alternative forms[edit]

  • faer (Guernsey)
  • (France, Jersey)

Etymology[edit]

From Old French fer, from Latin ferrum.

Noun[edit]

fer m (uncountable)

  1. (Sark) iron

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

fer

  1. present tense of fara and fare

Occitan[edit]

Verb[edit]

fer

  1. Alternative form of faire

Conjugation[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ferrum.

Noun[edit]

fer m (oblique plural fers, nominative singular fers, nominative plural fer)

  1. iron (metal)
  2. (by extension) sword (made of iron)
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle French: fer
    • French: fer (see there for further descendants)
  • Norman: (France, Jersey), faer (Guernsey), fer (Sark)
  • Walloon: fier

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ferum, accusative of ferus (wild)

Adjective[edit]

fer m (oblique and nominative feminine singular fere)

  1. cruel; harsh
  2. fierce; ferocious
    • circa 1120, Philippe de Taon, Bestiaire:
      Quatre pez ad la beste, e mult est de fer estre
      Four feet has the beast, and it is of a very ferocious nature
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From West Proto-Germanic *ferrai., whence also Old English feorr.

Adjective[edit]

fer

  1. remote

Adverb[edit]

fer

  1. far

References[edit]

  1. Braune, Wilhelm. Althochdeutsches Lesebuch, zusammengestellt und mit Glossar versehen

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Primitive Irish *ᚃᚔᚏᚐᚄ (*viras), from Proto-Celtic *wiros, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós. Cognates include Latin vir, Sanskrit वीर (vīrá) and Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂 (wair).

Noun[edit]

fer m (genitive fir, nominative plural fir)

  1. man
  2. husband
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 22c10
      Is bés trá dosom aní-siu cosc inna mban i tossug et a tabairt fo chumacte a feir, armbat irlamu de ind ḟir fo chumacte Dǽi, co·mbí íarum coscitir ind ḟir et do·airbertar fo réir Dǽ.
      This, then, is a custom of his, to correct the wives at first and to bring them under the power of their husbands, so that the husbands may be the readier under God’s power, so that afterwards the husbands are corrected and bowed down in subjection to God.
Declension[edit]
Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative fer ferL firL
Vocative fir ferL firuH
Accusative ferN ferL firuH
Genitive firL fer ferN
Dative fiurL feraib feraib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

fer

  1. second-person singular imperative of feraid

·fer

  1. third-person singular preterite conjunct of feraid

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fer ḟer fer
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ferro, an old comparative form

Adverb[edit]

fer

  1. far
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ferro.

Adjective[edit]

fer

  1. far
Declension[edit]



Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare German für, Dutch voor, English for, Hunsrik fer.

Preposition[edit]

fer

  1. for

Piedmontese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fer m

  1. iron

Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

fer n (plural feare)

  1. Alternative form of fier

Declension[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Vallader) far

Etymology[edit]

From Latin faciō, facere.

Verb[edit]

fer

  1. (Puter) to do, make

Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fer (comparative ferther, superlative ferthest)

  1. (South Scots) far

Derived terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English fair.

Adjective[edit]

fer (Cyrillic spelling фер)

  1. fair

Adverb[edit]

fer (Cyrillic spelling фер)

  1. fairly

Welsh[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fer

  1. Soft mutation of ber (short).

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
ber fer mer unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.