ferrum

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

ferrum (countable and uncountable, plural ferrums)

  1. (homeopathy) Any of various remedies made from iron-containing compounds.

Latin[edit]

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 ferrum on Latin Wikipedia
ferrum
ferrum
ferrum

Etymology[edit]

A substrate loanword from an unknown source. According to de Vaan, possibly from a Phoenician dialect[1], (brzl //barzel//, iron), akin to Aramaic 蚺硊祤蚳眥眥硌‎ / 雃靰(parzl, iron), Akkadian (/parzillu/, iron), Ugaritic (br廎l, iron), considered of Anatolian origin[2]. The word could have entered Latin through Etruscan.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ferrum n (genitive ferr蘋); second declension

  1. iron
  2. any tool made of iron
    Synonym: chalybs
    1. sword
      Urbi ferr flammque minitatus est.
      He threatened the city with fire and sword.
      Ferro incumbere.
      To fall on his sword.
      Hyponyms: nsis, gladius
  3. fight, clash
    • c. 27 CE 66 CE, Petronius, Satyricon 45.6:
      Non est miscix. ferrum optimum daturus est, sine fuga, carnarium in medio, ut amphitheater videat.
      He is no flibbertigibbet, he will give the best fight, without flight, a carnage in the middle, so that the whole amphitheater will see it.
    • c. 161, Dig. XXVIII.I.8.4 Gaius libro septimo decimo ad edictum provinciale
      Hi vero, qui ad ferrum aut ad bestias aut in metallum damnantur, libertatem perdunt bonaque eorum publicantur: unde apparet amittere eos testamenti factionem.
      But those sentenced to fight in the arena or with the beasts or to work in the mines lose freedom and their assets are forfeited: hence one sees that the efficacy of their last will must be denied.
    Synonyms: pugna, gladius

Declension[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ferrum ferra
Genitive ferr蘋 ferrrum
Dative ferr ferr蘋s
Accusative ferrum ferra
Ablative ferr ferr蘋s
Vocative ferrum ferra

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ferrum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ferrum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ferrum in Charles du Fresne du Canges Glossarium Medi疆 et Infim疆 Latinitatis (augmented edition, 18831887)
  • ferrum in Gaffiot, F矇lix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustr矇 Latin-Fran癟ais, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to cut one's way (through the enemies' ranks): ferro viam facere (per confertos hostes)
    • to ravage with fire and sword: omnia ferro ignique, ferro atque igni or ferro flammaque vastare
    • to fight a pitched battle: acie (armis, ferro) decernere
    • all have perished by the sword: omnia strata sunt ferro
    • (ambiguous) to fly aloft; to be carried into the sky: sublimem or sublime (not in sublime or sublimiter) ferri, abire
    • (ambiguous) to be in every one's mouth: per omnium ora ferri
    • (ambiguous) to feel an attraction for study: trahi, ferri ad litteras
    • (ambiguous) to feel inspired: divino quodam instinctu concitari, ferri (Div. 1. 31. 66)
    • (ambiguous) to take a higher tone (especially of poets and orators): exsurgere altius or incitatius ferri
    • (ambiguous) to be carried away by one's passions: libidine ferri
    • (ambiguous) to be carried away by something: praecipitem ferri aliqua re (Verr. 5. 46. 121)
    • (ambiguous) to have no principles: caeco impetu ferri
    • (ambiguous) to throw oneself heart and soul into politics: studio ad rem publicam ferri
    • (ambiguous) to throw oneself on the enemy with drawn sword: strictis gladiis in hostem ferri
  • ferrum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ferrum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 214
  2. ^ Olmo Lete, Gregorio del; Sanmart穩n, Joaqu穩n; Watson, Wilfred G.浩. (2015), ferrum, in A Dictionary of the Ugaritic Language in the Alphabetic Tradition (Handbook of Oriental Studies; 112), 3rd edition, Leiden: Brill, ISBN, page 234
  3. ^ Klein, Dr. Ernest, A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language, Amsterdam: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., 1971.