fiar

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

See feuar.

Noun[edit]

fiar (plural fiars)

  1. (Scotland, law) One in whom the property of an estate is vested, subject to the estate of a liferenter.
    • 1816, Walter Scott, The Black Dwarf, 1831, A Complete Edition of the Waverley Novels, Volume 13, page 108,
      I say, since ye hae sae muckle consideration for me, I'se be blithe to accept your kindness; and my mother and me (she's a life-renter, and I am fiar, o' the lands o' Wideopen) would grant you a wadset, or an heritable bond, for the siller, and to pay the annual-rent half-yearly; and Saunders Wyliecoat to draw the bond, and you to be at nae charge wi' the writings.
  2. The price of grain in the counties of Scotland, as legally fixed on an annual basis.
    • 1817, Committee members, Report respecting the Striking of the Fiars of Grain for the Crop of 1816 for the County of Lanark, The Farmers Magazine, Volume 18, page 310,
      It seems to be a practice as improper as it is unnecessary, to strike the fiars in three different qualities of the same species of grain; and it should, in our humble opinion, be discontinued.
    • 1842, Fife Fiars, from 1619 to 1841 Inclusive, page vi,
      It was answered by the Sheriff. 1st, That the Act of Sederunt did not impose any positive injunction on Sheriffs to strike Fiars; that if the Fiars were substantially just, the Court could have no power to reduce them; and that the Act of Sederunt had never been observed in East Lothian; [] .
    • 1852, George Paterson, Historical Account of the Fiars in Scotland, page 7,
      In further confirmation that this is not the date of the origin, it may be stated, that there is very early mention of Commissaries' Fiars, Sir John Connell tracing the commencement of these so far back as the Reformation, when Commissary or Consistorial Courts were established, in place of those of the bishops or their officials; and notice is taken of the Fiars prices of grain in the records of the Commissary Court so far back as 1564—somewhat earlier than the statute above quoted.

Derived terms[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for fiar in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

fiar (first-person singular present fio, past participle fiat)

  1. to sell on credit
  2. (reflexive, fiar-se de) to trust

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ferrum. Compare Italian ferro, Romanian and Romansch fier, Friulian fiêr, French fer, Sardinian ferru, Spanish hierro.

Noun[edit]

fiar m

  1. iron

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish fiar, from Proto-Celtic *wēros (compare Welsh gŵyr), from Proto-Indo-European *weh₁i-ro-s (turned, twisted) (compare English wire), from *weh₁-y (turn, twist) (compare Old Church Slavonic вити (viti), Latin vieō).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fiar m (genitive singular fiair, nominative plural fiara)

  1. slant, tilt, bias, obliquity
  2. bend, twist; crookedness, perverseness

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fiar

  1. slanting, tilted, oblique, diagonal, crosswise
  2. bent, warped, crooked, perverse

Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

fiar (present analytic fiarann, future analytic fiarfaidh, verbal noun fiaradh, past participle fiartha)

  1. slant, tilt, veer, turn
  2. bend, twist, distort

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fiar fhiar bhfiar
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • fíar” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • "fiar" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “fiar” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “fiar” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ferus (compare French fier).

Adjective[edit]

fiar m

  1. (Guernsey) pleased

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin fīlāre < Latin fīlum. Compare Spanish hilar, Italian filare, French filer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fiar (first-person singular present indicative fio, past participle fiado)

  1. to spin (thread)
Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *fidare, from Latin fidere, present active infinitive of fidō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fiar (first-person singular present indicative fio, past participle fiado)

  1. (Portugal) to trust
Conjugation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish fiar, from Proto-Celtic *wēros (compare Welsh gŵyr), from Proto-Indo-European *weh₁i-ro-s (turned, twisted) (compare English wire), from *weh₁-y (turn, twist) (compare Old Church Slavonic вити (viti), Latin vieō).

Verb[edit]

fiar (past dh'fhiar, future fiaraidh, verbal noun fiaradh, past participle fiarte)

  1. bend (become bended)
  2. bend, slant, twist

Adjective[edit]

fiar

  1. bent, crooked
  2. slanting, oblique
  3. squinting (of an eye)
  4. cunning, sly

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *fidare, from Latin fīdere, present active infinitive of fīdō.

Verb[edit]

fiar (first-person singular present fío, first-person singular preterite fie, past participle fiado)

  1. to guarantee
  2. to sell on credit, give credit, put on the slate
  3. to entrust
  4. to confide
  5. (reflexive, fiarse de) to trust

Conjugation[edit]

  • Rule: stressed í in certain conjugations; monosyllabic infinitives receive no written accent in certain conjugations. This change was put into effect in the 2010 spelling reforms by the RAE, so some other forms are still commonly seen.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]