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From Middle English estat, from Anglo-Norman estat and Old French estat (French: état), from Latin status. Doublet of state and status.
- (Received Pronunciation, General American) enPR: ĭ-stāt, IPA(key): /ɪˈsteɪt/
estate (plural estates)
- The collective property and liabilities of someone, especially a deceased person. [from 19th c.]
- (now rare, archaic) state; condition. [from 13th c.]
- c. 1601–1602 (date written), William Shakespeare, “Twelfe Night, or What You Will”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene i], page 275:
- But when I came to mans eſtate,
With hey ho, [the winde and the raine],
Gainſt Knaues and Theeues men ſhut their gate.
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], →OCLC, Romans 12:16:
- Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate.
- 1643, John Milton, Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce:
- To remove therfore if it be possible, this great and sad oppression which through the strictnes of a literall interpreting hath invaded and disturb’d the dearest and most peaceable estate of houshold society, to the over-burdening, if not the over-whelming of many Christians better worth then to be so deserted of the Churches considerate care, this position shall be laid down; first proving, then answering what may be objected either from Scripture or light of reason.
- (archaic) Status, rank. [from 13th c.]
- 1651, Jer[emy] Taylor, The Rule and Exercises of Holy Living. […], 2nd edition, London: […] Francis Ashe […], →OCLC:
- God hath imprinted his authority in several parts, upon several estates of men.
- (archaic) The condition of one's fortunes; prosperity, possessions. [from 14th c.]
- (obsolete) A "person of estate"; a nobleman or noblewoman. [14th–17th c.]
- 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, “xj”, in Le Morte Darthur, book XVI:
- And anone came oute of a chamber to hym the fayrest lady that euer he sawe & more rycher bysene than euer he sawe Quene Gueneuer or ony other estat Lo sayd they syre Bors here is the lady vnto whome we owe alle oure seruyse / and I trowe she be the rychest lady and the fayrest of alle the world
- (please add an English translation of this quote)
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], →OCLC, Mark 6:21:
- Herod on his birthday made a supper to his lords, high captains, and chief estates of Galilee.
- (historical) A major social class or order of persons regarded collectively as part of the body politic of the country and formerly possessing distinct political rights (Estates of the realm). [from 14th c.]
- 1992, Hilary Mantel, A Place of Greater Safety, Harper Perennial, published 2007, page 115:
- I am afraid that some of the nobles who are campaigning for it simply want to use the Estates to cut down the King's power and increase their own.
- 2011, Norman Davies, Vanished Kingdoms, Penguin, published 2012, page 202:
- The three estates of feudal lords, clergy and royal officers met in separate chambers, and exercised an advisory role.
- (law) The nature and extent of a person's interest in, or ownership of, land. [from 15th c.]
- An (especially extensive) area of land, under a single ownership. [from 18th c.]
- 2014 September 7, “Doddington's garden pyramid is a folly good show: The owners of a Lincolnshire stately home have brought the folly into the 21st century, by building a 30ft pyramid [print edition: Great pyramid of Lincolnshire, 6 September 2014, p. G2]”, in The Daily Telegraph, London:
- It has been a long time since new follies were springing up across the great estates of Britain. But the owners of Doddington Hall, in Lincolnshire, have brought the folly into the 21st century, by building a 30ft pyramid in the grounds of the Elizabethan manor.
- The landed property owned or controlled by a government or a department of government.
- (UK, sometimes derogatory) A housing estate. [from 20th c.]
- 2012 October 19, McDermott, Josephine, “London's new housing loses the 'dirty word'”, in BBC News:
- Professor Loretta Lees from King's College London's geography department says, "The word 'estate' has become synonymous with the term 'ghetto'. It's become a dirty word. Back in the '20s and '30s it didn't carry the same stigma."
- (UK, automotive) A station wagon; a car with a tailgate (or liftgate) and storage space to the rear of the seating which is coterminous with the passenger compartment (and often extensible into that compartment via folding or removable seating). [from 20th c.]
- (obsolete) The state; the general body politic; the common-wealth; the general interest; state affairs.
- 1612, Francis Bacon, Of Judicature:
- I call matter of estate not only the parts of sovereignty, but whatsoever […] concerneth manifestly any great portion of people.
- (computing) An organization's collective information technology resources.
- 2015, Peter Carter, Pro SQL Server Administration, page 82:
- This time, however, it only includes the static parameters that you expect to be consistent across your estate.
- (estate car) estate car, station sedan, station wagon, wagon
- chair of estate
- concurrent estate
- council estate
- estate agency
- estate agent
- estate contract
- estate duty
- estate for life
- estate in land
- estate sale
- estate tax
- fourth estate
- freehold estate
- housing estate
- industrial estate
- leasehold estate
- legal estate
- life estate
- life estate pur autre vie
- overspill estate
- personal estate
- real estate
- real estate owned
- real estate tax
- residuary estate
- second estate
- separate estate
- sink estate
- third estate
- trading estate
property and liabilities, especially of a deceased person
law: nature and extent of a person's interest in, or ownership of, land
(extensive) area of land under single ownership
landed property owned or controlled by a government or a department of government
housing estate — see housing estate
body style of cars — see station wagon
estate (not comparable)
- (jewelry, euphemistic) Previously owned; secondhand.
- an estate diamond; estate jewelry
estate (third-person singular simple present estates, present participle estating, simple past and past participle estated)
- (obsolete, transitive) To give an estate to.
- (obsolete, transitive) To bestow upon.
- Estate (land) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
estate (plural estates)
|Seasons in Interlingua · stationes del anno (layout · text) · category|
|primavera (“spring”)||estate (“summer”)||autumno (“autumn”)||hiberno (“winter”)|
Latinizing modification of state, inherited from Latin aestātem, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eydʰ- (“burn; fire”).
estate f (plural estati)
|Seasons in Italian · stagioni (layout · text) · category|
|primavera (“spring”)||estate (“summer”)||autunno (“autumn”)||inverno (“winter”)|
- estate in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
- inflection of estar:
- second-person singular imperative combined with te
- second-person singular voseo imperative combined with te
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *steh₂-
- English terms inherited from Middle English
- English terms derived from Middle English
- English terms derived from Anglo-Norman
- English terms derived from Old French
- English terms derived from Latin
- English doublets
- English 2-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms with audio links
- Rhymes:English/eɪt/2 syllables
- English lemmas
- English nouns
- English countable nouns
- English terms with rare senses
- English terms with archaic senses
- English terms with quotations
- English terms with obsolete senses
- Middle English terms with quotations
- English terms with historical senses
- British English
- English derogatory terms
- English adjectives
- English uncomparable adjectives
- English euphemisms
- English verbs
- English transitive verbs
- Interlingua terms derived from Italian
- Interlingua lemmas
- Interlingua nouns
- Italian terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- Italian terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *h₂eydʰ-
- Italian terms inherited from Latin
- Italian terms derived from Latin
- Italian 3-syllable words
- Italian terms with IPA pronunciation
- Italian terms with audio links
- Rhymes:Italian/ate/3 syllables
- Italian lemmas
- Italian nouns
- Italian countable nouns
- Italian feminine nouns
- it:Calendar terms
- Spanish 3-syllable words
- Spanish terms with IPA pronunciation
- Rhymes:Spanish/ate/3 syllables
- Spanish non-lemma forms
- Spanish verb forms