land

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See also: Land, länd, lǟnd, and -land

English

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Middle English lond, land, from Old English land, from Proto-West Germanic *land, from Proto-Germanic *landą (land), from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Cognate with Scots laund (land), West Frisian lân (land), Dutch land (land, country), German Land (land, country, state), Norwegian and Swedish land (land, country, shore, territory), Icelandic land (land). Non-Germanic cognates include Old Irish lann (heath), Welsh llan (enclosure), Breton lann (heath), Old Church Slavonic лѧдо (lędo), from Proto-Slavic *lęda (heath, wasteland) and Albanian lëndinë (heath, grassland).

Noun

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land (countable and uncountable, plural lands)

  1. The part of Earth which is not covered by oceans or other bodies of water.
    Most insects live on land.
  2. Real estate or landed property; a partitioned and measurable area which is owned and acquired and on which buildings and structures can be built and erected.
    There are 50 acres of land in this estate.
  3. A country or region.
    They come from a faraway land.
  4. A person's country of origin and/or homeplace; homeland.
  5. The soil, in respect to its nature or quality for farming.
    wet land    good or bad land for growing potatoes
  6. (often in combination) realm, domain.
    I'm going to Disneyland.
    Maybe that's how it works in TV-land, but not in the real world.
  7. (agriculture) The ground left unploughed between furrows; any of several portions into which a field is divided for ploughing.
    Synonym: (obsolete except Britain, dialectal) furlong
  8. (Ireland, colloquial) A shock or fright.
    He got an awful land when the police arrived.
  9. (electronics) A conducting area on a board or chip which can be used for connecting wires.
  10. On a compact disc or similar recording medium, an area of the medium which does not have pits.
    • 1935, H. Courtney Bryson, The Gramophone Record, page 72:
      Now, assume that the recording is being done with 100 grooves per inch, and that the record groove is .006 inch wide. This means that the land on either side on any given groove in the absence of sound waves is .004 inch.
  11. (travel) The non-airline portion of an itinerary. Hotel, tours, cruises, etc.
    Our city offices sell a lot more land than our suburban offices.
  12. (obsolete) The ground or floor.
  13. (nautical) The lap of the strakes in a clinker-built boat; the lap of plates in an iron vessel; called also landing.[1]
  14. In any surface prepared with indentations, perforations, or grooves, that part of the surface which is not so treated, such as the level part of a millstone between the furrows.
    1. (ballistics) The space between the rifling grooves in a gun.
      • 2008 August 1, Lisa Steele, “Ballistics”, in Eric York Drogin, editor, Science for Lawyers, American Bar Association, page 16:
        The FBI maintains a database, the General Rifling Characteristics (GRC) file, which is organized by caliber, number of lands and grooves, direction of twist, and width of lands and grooves, to help an examiner figure out the origin of a recovered bullet.
      • 2012 November 15, “One Way to Get Off”, in Elementary, season 1, episode 7, spoken by Sherlock Holmes (Jonny Lee Miller):
        The human eye is a precision instrument. It can detect grooves and lands on a slug more efficiently than any computer.
  15. (Scotland, historical) A group of dwellings or tenements under one roof and having a common entry.
Hyponyms
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Derived terms
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Translations
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Verb

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land (third-person singular simple present lands, present participle landing, simple past and past participle landed)

  1. (intransitive) To descend to a surface, especially from the air.
    The plane is about to land.
  2. (dated) To alight, to descend from a vehicle.
    • 1859, “Rules adopted by the Sixth Avenue Railway, N. Y.”, quoted in Alexander Easton, A Practical Treatise on Street or Horse-Power Railways, page 108:
      10. You will be civil and attentive to passengers, giving proper assistance to ladies and children getting in or out, and never start the car before passengers are fairly received or landed.
  3. (intransitive) To come into rest.
  4. (intransitive) To arrive on land, especially a shore or dock, from a body of water.
    • 1981, A Pictorial History of the Republic of China: Its Founding and Development[1], volume II, Taipei: Modern China Press, →OCLC, page 303, column 1:
      Tatan and Erhtan are two small islands in the sea southwest of Kinmen. [] A contingent of some 30 Communist troops tried to land at Erhtan, but were disarmed by Government defenders.
  5. (transitive) To bring to land.
    It can be tricky to land a helicopter.
    Use the net to land the fish.
  6. (transitive, informal) To capture or arrest.
    • 1920 June, The Electrical Experimenter, New York, page 151, column 3:
      `He told me that he was certain that Coates shot at him. We threw out a drag and landed Coates within an hour.'
  7. (transitive) To acquire; to secure.
    • 2012 May 5, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool”, in BBC Sport[2]:
      As Di Matteo celebrated and captain John Terry raised the trophy for the fourth time, the Italian increased his claims to become the permanent successor to Andre Villas-Boas by landing a trophy.
    • 2024 May 1, “Network News: Danes plan fully automated trains”, in RAIL, number 1008, page 18:
      Siemens has landed a contract to upgrade signalling on the entire 170km (105-mile) S-Bane suburban network in Copenhagen to pave the way for fully automated trains.
  8. (slang, transitive) To succeed in having sexual relations with; to score
    Too ugly to ever land a chick
  9. (transitive) (of a blow) To deliver.
    If you land a knockout blow, you’ll win the match
  10. (intransitive) (of a punch) To connect
    If the punches land, you might lose a few teeth!
  11. (intransitive) To go down well with an audience.
    Some of the comedian's jokes failed to land.
    • 2023 January 13, Anonymous ("Jackal Comment"), 11:08 from the start, in CORRECTIONS Episode 68: Week of Monday, January 9 (Late Night with Seth Meyers)‎[3], YouTube:
      We told an Amelia Earhart joke yesterday- did not go great with the audience. Someone wrote: "You can't be surprised when an Amelia Earhart joke doesn't land."
Derived terms
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terms derived from the verb land
Translations
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Etymology 2

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From Middle English *land, from Old English hland. More at lant.

Noun

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land (uncountable)

  1. lant; urine

References

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  1. ^ Edward H[enry] Knight (1877) “Land”, in Knight’s American Mechanical Dictionary. [], volumes II (GAS–REA), New York, N.Y.: Hurd and Houghton [], →OCLC.

Afrikaans

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Etymology

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From Dutch land, from Old Dutch lant, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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land (plural lande)

  1. country; nation

Danish

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Old Danish land, from Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, cognate with English land, German Land.

Noun

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land n (singular definite landet, plural indefinite lande)

  1. country (a geographical area that is politically independent)
    Synonyms: stat, nation
  2. (uncountable, chiefly definite singular) country, countryside (rural areas outside the cities with agricultural production)
  3. land (part of Earth that is not covered in water)
  4. (as the last part of compounds) a large area or facility dedicated to a certain type of activity or merchandise
Usage notes
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In compounds: land-, lande-, lands-.

Declension
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Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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land

  1. imperative of lande

Dutch

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Middle Dutch lant, from Old Dutch lant, from Proto-West Germanic *land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Noun

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land n (plural landen, diminutive landje n)

  1. land; country
    • 1967, E. Rijpma & F. G. Schuringa, edited by Jan van Bakel, Nederlandse spraakkunst, 21st ed., p. 24, § 8 (also online at dbnl.org):
      In ons land werd door de Westgermaanse volksstammen het Nederduits (Nederfrankisch en Saksisch) en het Fries gesproken.
      Het Nederfrankisch wordt wel verdeeld in: (1) het Hollands-Frankisch (Hollands, Utrechts, Westveluws, Zeeuws, Westvlaams); (2) het Brabants-Frankisch (Westbetuws, Westbrabants, Antwerps, Kempens, Leuvens, Aalsters, Oostvlaams); (3) het Limburgs-Frankisch (Gelders-Limburgs, Limburgs, Oostbrabants).
      Het Saksisch (Gelders-Overijssels, Oostveluws, Drents, Gronings) wordt gesproken in het noordoosten van ons land, van Groningen tot de Oude Ijssel.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  2. land (part of Earth not covered by water)
  3. (Netherlands, Antilles) a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; the territorial government of an overseas constituent country
    • 2022 December 6, Oscar van Dam, John Samson, “Gerechtshof: lhbt’s mogen trouwen op Aruba en Curaçao [Appellate court: LGBT people allowed to marry in Aruba and Curaçao]”, in Caribisch Netwerk[4], retrieved 14 December 2022:
      Het zijn twee verschillende uitspraken die vandaag door het gerechtshof achter elkaar zijn gedaan. Voor Aruba gaat het om het een zaak van Fundacion Orguyo Aruba en twee vrouwen tegen het Land Aruba. Voor Curaçao gaat het om een zaak van Human Rights Caribbean Foundation en twee vrouwen tegen het Land Curaçao.
      Today's rulings are two separate ones handed down by the appellate court back-to-back. For Aruba, it involves a case brought by Fundacion Orguyo Aruba and two women against the government of Aruba. For Curaçao, it involves a case brought by Human Rights Caribbean Foundation and two women against the government of Curaçao.
  4. (history, chiefly in compounds) the territorial government or state authority in a Dutch colony or overseas territory in the West Indies
Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Afrikaans: land
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: alanda, landi
  • Negerhollands: land, lant, lan
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: land, lantta
  • Sranan Tongo: lanti (see there for further descendants)
  • >? Javanese: ꦭꦤ꧀ (lan)

Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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land

  1. inflection of landen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Elfdalian

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Etymology

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From Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath). Cognate with Swedish land.

Noun

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land n

  1. country; nation

Declension

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The template Template:ovd-decl-blank-full does not use the parameter(s):
stem=strong ''a''-stem
Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

Faroese

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Noun

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land n (genitive singular lands, plural lond)

  1. land
  2. coast
  3. country, nation
  4. ground, soil
  5. the state
Declension
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n8 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative land landið lond londini
Accusative land landið lond londini
Dative landi landinum londum londunum
Genitive lands landsins landa landanna
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Etymology 2

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From Old Norse hland, from Proto-Germanic *hlandą, from Proto-Indo-European *klān- (liquid, wet ground). Cognate with Lithuanian klanas (pool, puddle, slop).

Noun

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land n (genitive singular lands, uncountable)

  1. (uncountable) urine
Declension
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n8 Singular
Indefinite Definite
Nominative land landið
Accusative land landið
Dative landi landinum
Genitive lands landsins

French

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Noun

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land m (plural lands or länder)

  1. land (region of Germany or Austria)

Gothic

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Romanization

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land

  1. Romanization of 𐌻𐌰𐌽𐌳

Icelandic

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Etymology

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From Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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land n (genitive singular lands, nominative plural lönd)

  1. (uncountable) land, earth, ground (part of the Earth not under water)
  2. (countable) country
    Japan er fallegt land.
    Japan is a beautiful country.
  3. (uncountable) countryside, country
    Ég bý úti á landi.
    I live in the country.
  4. (uncountable) land, as a mass noun, measurable in quantity
  5. (countable) tracts of land, an estate
    Ég á þetta land og allt sem er á því.
    I own this land and everything on it.

Declension

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Derived terms

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Middle English

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Noun

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land

  1. Alternative form of lond

Norwegian Bokmål

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Noun

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land n (definite singular landet, indefinite plural land, definite plural landa or landene)

  1. country
  2. land
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Verb

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land

  1. imperative of lande

References

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Norwegian Nynorsk

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Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath). Akin to English land.

Noun

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land n (definite singular landet, indefinite plural land, definite plural landa)

  1. country
    Noreg er eit land i nord.
    Norway is a country in the north.
  2. land
    Det var mangel på land for jordbruk.
    There was a lack of land for agriculture.
  3. coast, dry land
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From Old Norse hland, from Proto-Germanic *hlandą.

Noun

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land n (definite singular landet, indefinite plural land, definite plural landa)

  1. urine from livestock

References

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Old Danish

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Etymology

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From Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą.

Noun

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land n (genitive lanz, plural land)

  1. land
    • 1241, Codex Holmiensis, prologue:
      Mæth logh skal land byggæs.
      With law shall land be built.

Declension

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Descendants

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Old English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-West Germanic *land, from Proto-Germanic *landą. See there for more.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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land n

  1. land (dry portion of the Earth's surface)
  2. a country
  3. region within a country: district, province
  4. the country, countryside
  5. owned or tilled land, an estate

Usage notes

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  • Using the word land is the most common way to form country names. This can be done in one of two ways:
    • Prefixing the name of a people to the word land. Ex: Franca (French person)Francland (France), Swēo (Swede)Swēoland (Sweden), and *Unger (a Hungarian)Ungerland (Hungary).
    • Prefacing land with the genitive plural form of a people, producing the literal meaning “land of ____ people.” Ex: Egypta land (Egypt, literally land of the Egyptians), Siġelhearwena land (Ethiopia, literally land of the Ethiopians).
  • However, country names can also be formed other ways. For instance, words other than land are used: Dene (a Dane)Denemearc (Denmark, literally Dane borderland). It is also very common to use the name of a people for the country they inhabit: On þām dagum wæs Alexander ġeboren on Crēcum swā swā miċel ȳst cōme ofer ealne middanġeard (“In those days, Alexander was born in Greece [lit. in the Greeks] like a great storm coming over the whole world”), Ymb twā ġēar þæs þe hē cōm of Francum, hē ġefōr (”Two years after he came from France [lit. from the Franks], he died”). In addition, country names are sometimes loaned directly from Latin: Arabia, Isrāēl, Italia, Syria. Finally, some country names are simply idiomatic: Norþweġ (Norway, literally north way).
  • Unlike most words, land undergoes i-umlaut when combined with the suffix -isċ: inlendisċ (native), uplendisċ (rural).

Declension

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Derived prefix terms
Derived suffix terms
Derived national terms

Descendants

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References

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Old Irish

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Noun

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land ?

  1. Alternative spelling of lann

Mutation

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Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
land
also lland after a proclitic
ending in a vowel
land
pronounced with /l(ʲ)-/
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Norse

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Etymology

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From Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath). Cognate with Old Saxon land, Old Frisian land, lond, Old English land, lond, Old Dutch lant, Old High German lant, Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌽𐌳 (land).

Noun

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land n (genitive lands, plural lǫnd)

  1. land

Declension

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Descendants

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References

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  • land inGeir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Saxon

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Etymology

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From Proto-West Germanic *land. Cognate with Old English land, lond, Old Frisian land, lond, Dutch land, Old High German lant (German Land), Old Norse land (Swedish land), Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌽𐌳 (land). The Proto-Indo-European root is also the source of Proto-Celtic *landā (Welsh llan (enclosure), Breton lann (heath)).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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land n

  1. land

Declension

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Descendants

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  • Middle Low German: lant

Old Swedish

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Etymology

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From Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą.

Noun

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land n

  1. land

Declension

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Descendants

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Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

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Borrowed from German Land, from Middle High German lant, from Old High German lant, from Proto-West Germanic *land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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land m inan

  1. Land (federal state in Austria and Germany)
    Synonym: kraj związkowy
    Coordinate terms: stan, kraj (krai)
  2. (Poznań) countryside (rural area)
    Synonyms: prowincja, wieś

Declension

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Further reading

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  • land in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • land in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German Land.

Noun

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land n (plural landuri)

  1. land (German and Austrian province)

Declension

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Spanish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German Land.

Noun

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land m (plural lands)

  1. one of the federal states of Germany
    • 2020 January 29, “El coronavirus ya se transmite fuera de China y se teme por su afectación al Mobile”, in La Vanguardia[5]:
      Alemania confirmó ayer los cuatro primeros casos de coronavirus de Wuhan en su territorio, todos pertenecientes a la misma empresa de componentes de automóvil del land alemán de Baviera.
      Germany yesterday confirmed the first four cases of Wuhan coronavirus on its territory, all belonging to the same automotive component company from the German land of Bavaria.

Further reading

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Swedish

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Etymology

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From Old Swedish land, from Old Norse land, from Proto-Germanic *landą, from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (land, heath).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /land/, [l̪an̪ːd̪], (colloquial) /lan/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -and

Noun

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land n

  1. a country, a land (independent political entity)
    Sverige är ett land
    Sweden is a country
    länderna i EU
    the countries in the EU
    främmande länder
    foreign lands
    fjärran länder
    distant lands

Declension

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Declension of land 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative land landet länder länderna
Genitive lands landets länders ländernas

See also

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Noun

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land n

  1. (uncountable) land (as opposed to sea)
    Om man inte har lust att vara på en båt så kan man vara på land istället
    If you don't feel like being on a boat, you can be on land instead
    land och hav
    land and sea
    ha land i sikte
    have land in sight
    Land i sikte!
    Land ahoy!
  2. (usually in the definite) countryside, country
    Vi bor på landet
    We live in the countryside
    Vi är ute på landet
    We are out in the country
    livet på landet
    life in the countryside
    stad och land
    town and country
    laglöst land
    lawless land
    • 2007, Laser Inc (lyrics and music), “Det var en gång en fågel [Once upon a time, there was a bird]”:
      Det var en gång en liten fågel. Ja, en fågel. Han bodde på landet, och Roger hette han. Han ville gärna leka med sina vänner, med sina vänner, men det fick inte han. Men denna historia slutar sorgligt, för Roger blev skjuten, skjuten i magen av gamle jägar'n [jägaren] Pär. Han ville hem och äta, äta en fågel med lite potäter, men Roger hann iväg.
      Once upon a time, there was a little bird. Yes, a bird. He lived in the countryside, and Roger was his name. He wanted to play with his friends ["He wanted gladly to play with his friends," in the sense of, "He wanted, with keenness, to play with his friends" – the translation skips the gärna as it doesn't make much difference to the meaning], with his friends, but [that – to play with his friends] he didn't get to. But this story ends sadly, because Roger was shot, shot in the stomach by old hunter Pär ["den gamle jägaren Pär" matches "the old hunter Pär" – skipping "den" makes "jägaren Pär" sound lexicalized]. He wanted to go home and eat, eat a bird with some potatoes, but Roger got away [in time].

Usage notes

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See mark for some other senses of land.

Declension

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Declension of land 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative land landet
Genitive lands landets

See also

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Noun

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land n

  1. a smaller piece of land for small-scale cultivation; a patch, a garden plot, etc.
    ett jordgubbsland
    a strawberry patch
    ett potatisland
    a potato patch
    påta i landet
    potter in the garden plot

Declension

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Declension of land 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative land landet land landen
Genitive lands landets lands landens

Derived terms

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Derived terms

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References

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Zealandic

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Etymology

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From Middle Dutch lant.

Noun

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land n (plural [please provide])

  1. land