tꜣ

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See also: ṯꜣ

Egyptian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

tA
N23 Z1

 m

  1. land, realm
    • The Poetical Stela of Thutmose III: Part I, Cairo Museum 34010:[2]
      S43D i S3imn
      n
      ra Z1
      nb
      W11 W11 W11
      N17
      N17
      N21
      N21
      ḏd-mdw jn jmn-rꜥ nb nswt tꜣwj
      A recitation by Amun-Ra, Lord of the Thrones of the Two Lands.
  2. ground
Inflection[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

tA

 f sg anaphoric demonstrative determiner

  1. (Old Egyptian) O (vocative reference)
  2. (Middle Egyptian) the aforementioned, the said
  3. (Late Egyptian) the definite article; the
  4. (Late Egyptian, with following noun) she of, this of, that of
Usage notes[edit]

This demonstrative was originally a determiner but could later be used alone, like a pronoun. When used as a determiner it precedes the noun it describes.

In Middle Egyptian, this pronoun was possibly somewhat colloquial; in Late Egyptian its force had weakened to that of a definite article.

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • Allen, James (2010) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, second edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN
  • Junge, Friedrich (2005) Late Egyptian Grammar: An Introduction, second English edition, Oxford: Griffith Institute, page 53
  • Faulkner, Raymond (1962) A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Oxford: Griffith Institute, →ISBN
  • Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN
  1. ^ Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 41, 49
  2. ^ Middle Egyptian Grammar: The Poetical Stela of Thutmose III: Part I , Dr. Gabor Toth, Rutgers University.