From earlier pj.
m sg proximal, later copular/vocative demonstrative adjective
This demonstrative was originally an adjective but could later be used alone, like a pronoun. When used as an adjective it follows the noun it describes.
|pj1, pw, pwy
||tj1, tw, twy
|1 In Old Egyptian.
2 In Middle Egyptian.
3 In Old Egyptian, these pronouns were unmarked for number and gender, but treated syntactically as masculine plurals when used with participles and relative forms, and as feminine singulars when referred to by resumptive pronouns. In Middle Egyptian, they take over the function of the plural demonstrative adjectives and are joined by n(j) to nouns they modify.
There is also an alternative form that cannot stand alone as a pronoun: pwy.
interrogative stressed (‘independent’) pronoun
- Alternative form of ptr