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From Middle French collectif, from Latin collēctīvus, from collēctus, past participle of colligō (I collect), from com- (together) + legō (I gather). Compare French collectif. Doublet of colectivo.


  • IPA(key): /kəˈlɛktɪv/
  • Hyphenation, US: col‧lec‧tive; UK: col‧lect‧ive
  • Rhymes: -ɛktɪv


collective (not comparable)

  1. formed by gathering or collecting; gathered into a mass, sum, or body; congregated or aggregated
    the collective body of a nation
  2. tending to collect; forming a collection
    • (Can we date this quote by Young and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Local is his throne [] to fix a point, / A central point, collective of his sons.
  3. having plurality of origin or authority
  4. (grammar) expressing a collection or aggregate of individuals, by a singular form
  5. (obsolete) deducing consequences; reasoning; inferring.
    • (Can we date this quote by Sir Thomas Browne and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      critical and collective reason

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.


collective (plural collectives)

  1. a farm owned by a collection of people
  2. (especially in communist countries) one of more farms managed and owned, through the state, by the community
  3. (grammar) a collective noun or name
  4. (by extension) a group dedicated to a particular cause or interest
    • 2005, Zoya Kocur, Simon Leung, Theory in contemporary art since 1985 (page 76)
      There are, however, a number of contemporary artists and art collectives that have defined their practice precisely around the facilitation of dialogue among diverse communities.


Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • collective fruit (Botany), that which is formed from a mass of flowers, as the mulberry, pineapple, and the like; -- called also multiple fruit.


Further reading[edit]

  • "collective" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 69.




  1. feminine singular of collectif
    Après une belle action collective, l'équipe a enfin marqué un but.(please add an English translation of this usage example)




  1. vocative masculine singular of collēctīvus