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From Middle French collectif, from Latin collectivus, from collectus, past participle of colligere(to collect), from com-(together) + legere(to gather). Compare French collectif.


  • IPA(key): /kəˈlɛktɪv/
  • Hyphenation, US: col‧lec‧tive; UK: col‧lect‧ive


collective ‎(not comparable)

  1. Formed by gathering or collecting; gathered into a mass, sum, or body; congregated or aggregated; as, the collective body of a nation.
  2. Tending to collect; forming a collection.
    • Young
      Local is his throne [] to fix a point, / A central point, collective of his sons.
  3. Having plurality of origin or authority; as, in diplomacy, a note signed by the representatives of several governments is called a collective note.
  4. (grammar) Expressing a collection or aggregate of individuals, by a singular form; as, a collective name or noun, like assembly, army, jury, etc.
  5. (obsolete) Deducing consequences; reasoning; inferring.
    • Sir Thomas Browne
      critical and collective reason

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collective ‎(plural collectives)

  1. A farm owned by a collection of people.
  2. (chiefly in communist countries) One of more farms managed and owned, through the state, by the community.
  3. (grammar) A collective noun or name.
  4. (by extension) A group dedicated to a particular cause or interest.
    • 2005, Zoya Kocur, Simon Leung, Theory in contemporary art since 1985 (page 76)
      There are, however, a number of contemporary artists and art collectives that have defined their practice precisely around the facilitation of dialogue among diverse communities.


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See also[edit]

  • collective fruit (Botany), that which is formed from a mass of flowers, as the mulberry, pineapple, and the like; -- called also multiple fruit.





  1. feminine singular of collectif
    Après une belle action collective, l'équipe a enfin marqué un but.




  1. vocative masculine singular of collectīvus