plurality

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 plurality on Wikipedia

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

plural +‎ -ity, from Middle English pluralite, from Old French pluralité (multitude, state of being plural), from Latin plūrālitās.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plurality (countable and uncountable, plural pluralities)

  1. (uncountable) The state of being plural.
  2. (ecclesiastical) The holding of multiple benefices.
    Synonym: pluralism
    • 1644, John Milton, Areopagitica:
      It was the complaint and lamentation of Prelats, upon every least breath of a motion to remove pluralities, and distribute more equally Church revennu's, that then all learning would be for ever dasht and discourag'd.
  3. (countable) A state of being numerous.
    Synonym: multiplicity
  4. (countable) A number or part of a whole which is greater than any other number or part, but not necessarily a majority.
  5. (countable) A number of votes for a single candidate or position which is greater than the number of votes gained by any other single candidate or position voted for, but which is less than a majority of valid votes cast.
    Synonyms: relative majority, simple majority
    • 1977 September 8, "Crime against clarity", editorial, Bangor Daily News, page 14 [1]:
      To repeal the tax (Question I), a 50 per cent majority vote is required. To keep the tax in its 1976 form (Question III), only a plurality of votes is required.
  6. (countable) A margin by which a number exceeds another number, especially of votes.
    • 1948 December 10, “President Race Ignored by 683,382 Voters”, in The Deseret News[2], page A-2:
      Truman's total vote was 24,104,836. Dewey received 21,969,500; [] . Truman won by a plurality of 2,135,336, but it was the first time since 1916 that a winner has failed to capture a majority of all votes cast.
  7. (countable) A group of many entities: a large number.
    A plurality of ideas were put forth at the meeting, most of which were rejected out of hand.
  8. (countable) A group composed of more than one entity.
    • 1989, United States Patent 5065364, abstract:
      The array is organized into a plurality of vertical (column) blocks.
  9. (of spouses) Polygamy.
  10. (psychology) The condition of a single body/person displaying multiple distinct personas.
    Synonym: multiplicity
    • 2016, Lori F. Clarke, “Embracing Polyphony: Voices, Improvisation, and the Hearing Voices Network”, in Intersectionalities: A Global Journal of Social Work Analysis, Research, Polity, and Practice, volume 5, number 2, page 1:
      In this paper I argue that hearing voices experiences and plurality are part of a broad, rich, and complex spectrum of human experience, []
    • 2020, Tynan Drake, "Intersectional Representation: LGBTQ+ and neurodiverse voices in transmedia fiction", paper submitted to Ball State University, page 5:
      Clinical psychology tends to lean towards early childhood trauma as an explanation for the development of plurality, but many members of the plurality community report experiencing a multiplicity of selves before, or even completely in the absence of, trauma.
    • 2020, Meg-John Barker, “Plural selves, queer, and comics”, in Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics, volume 11, number 4:
      People often find it easiest to recognise plurality in themselves when they reflect on how they behave in different relationships or situations.
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:plurality.

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