alight

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English alighten, from Old English ālīhtan (to lighten, relieve, alleviate, take off, take away, alight) and Old English ġelīhtan (to lighten, mitigate, assuage), equivalent to a- +‎ light.

Verb[edit]

alight (third-person singular simple present alights, present participle alighting, simple past and past participle alighted)

  1. (transitive) To make light or less heavy; lighten; alleviate.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English alighten, from Old English ālīhtan (to alight, dismount), from prefix ā- (compare with Gothic us-, German er-, originally meaning "out") + līhtan (to alight), and Old English ġelīhtan (to alight, approach, come, come down, dismount), equivalent to a- +‎ light (to dismount).

Verb[edit]

alight (third-person singular simple present alights, present participle alighting, simple past and past participle alighted or alit)

  1. (intransitive, with from) To get off or exit a vehicle or animal; to descend; to dismount.
    He alighted from his horse.
    Passengers are alighting from the carriage
  2. (intransitive, with on) To descend and settle, lodge, rest, or stop.
    A flying bird alights on a tree
    Snow alights on a roof.
  3. (intransitive, followed by "upon") To find by accident
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English alighten, from Old English ālīhtan (to light up, enlighten), equivalent to a- +‎ light. Cognate with German erleuchten (to light up, illuminate).

Verb[edit]

alight (third-person singular simple present alights, present participle alighting, simple past and past participle alit or alighted)

  1. (transitive) To light; light up; illuminate.
  2. (transitive) To set light to; light.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle English alight, from Old English *ālīhted, past participle of ālīhtan (to alight). See above.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

alight (not comparable)

  1. Lit, on fire, switched on.
    The sticks were damp and wouldn't catch alight.
  2. (figuratively) Lit; on fire, burning.
    Her face was alight with happiness.
Usage notes[edit]

Used only as a predicative.

Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.