tuli

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Bikol Central[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Philippine *tuli, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tuli, from Proto-Austronesian *Culi.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tuˈli/, [tuˈl̪i]
  • Hyphenation: tu‧li

Noun[edit]

tulí (Basahan spelling ᜆᜓᜎᜒ)

  1. earwax

Derived terms[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Chemical element
Tm
Previous: erbi (Er)
Next: iterbi (Yb)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tuli m (uncountable)

  1. thulium

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Philippine *turiq.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: tu‧li
  • IPA(key): /ˈtuliʔ/, [ˈt̪u.l̪ɪʔ]

Noun[edit]

tuli

  1. the surgical removal/excision of the prepuce; circumcision
  2. (historical) dorsal slit
  3. the rite of circumcision

Verb[edit]

tuli

  1. to circumcise
  2. to perform a dorsal slit
  3. (colloquial) to pierce the earlobe

Adjective[edit]

tuli

  1. (of a man) having had the foreskin of the penis excised; circumcised; cut
  2. (of a man) having the glans exposed by a dorsal slit
  3. (colloquial) having the earlobe pierced

See also[edit]

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *tuli, from Proto-Uralic *tule.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtulʲi/, /ˈtuli/

Noun[edit]

tuli (genitive tule, partitive tuld)

  1. fire
  2. light, lightsource
    Pane see tuli kustu.
    Put that light out.
  3. (chess) check

Declension[edit]

Declension of tuli (ÕS type 20/meri, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative tuli tuled
accusative nom.
gen. tule
genitive tulede
partitive tuld tulesid
illative tulle
tulesse
tuledesse
inessive tules tuledes
elative tulest tuledest
allative tulele tuledele
adessive tulel tuledel
ablative tulelt tuledelt
translative tuleks tuledeks
terminative tuleni tuledeni
essive tulena tuledena
abessive tuleta tuledeta
comitative tulega tuledega

Derived terms[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtuli/, [ˈt̪uli]
  • Rhymes: -uli
  • Syllabification(key): tu‧li

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *tuli, from Proto-Uralic *tule.[1] Related to Estonian tuli, Karelian tuli, Livonian tu'l´, Veps tuli, Votic tuli, Northern Sami dolla, Skolt Sami toll, Moksha тол (tol) and Tundra Nenets ту (tu). tuli has previously been typical of Eastern dialects, whereas western dialects used valkea.[2]

Noun[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

tuli

  1. fire (reaction; burning)
    leikkiä tulellato play with fire
  2. fire (instance of this chemical reaction)
    Synonyms: palo, tulipalo
  3. Synonym of nuotio (campfire)
  4. fire, gunfire
    Synonym: tulitus
  5. (alchemy) fire (one of the basic elements)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of tuli (Kotus type 24/uni, no gradation)
nominative tuli tulet
genitive tulen tulien
tulten
partitive tulta tulia
illative tuleen tuliin
singular plural
nominative tuli tulet
accusative nom. tuli tulet
gen. tulen
genitive tulen tulien
tulten
partitive tulta tulia
inessive tulessa tulissa
elative tulesta tulista
illative tuleen tuliin
adessive tulella tulilla
ablative tulelta tulilta
allative tulelle tulille
essive tulena tulina
translative tuleksi tuliksi
abessive tuletta tulitta
instructive tulin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of tuli (Kotus type 24/uni, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative tuleni tuleni
accusative nom. tuleni tuleni
gen. tuleni
genitive tuleni tulieni
tulteni
partitive tultani tuliani
inessive tulessani tulissani
elative tulestani tulistani
illative tuleeni tuliini
adessive tulellani tulillani
ablative tuleltani tuliltani
allative tulelleni tulilleni
essive tulenani tulinani
translative tulekseni tulikseni
abessive tulettani tulittani
instructive
comitative tulineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative tulesi tulesi
accusative nom. tulesi tulesi
gen. tulesi
genitive tulesi tuliesi
tultesi
partitive tultasi tuliasi
inessive tulessasi tulissasi
elative tulestasi tulistasi
illative tuleesi tuliisi
adessive tulellasi tulillasi
ablative tuleltasi tuliltasi
allative tulellesi tulillesi
essive tulenasi tulinasi
translative tuleksesi tuliksesi
abessive tulettasi tulittasi
instructive
comitative tulinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative tulemme tulemme
accusative nom. tulemme tulemme
gen. tulemme
genitive tulemme tuliemme
tultemme
partitive tultamme tuliamme
inessive tulessamme tulissamme
elative tulestamme tulistamme
illative tuleemme tuliimme
adessive tulellamme tulillamme
ablative tuleltamme tuliltamme
allative tulellemme tulillemme
essive tulenamme tulinamme
translative tuleksemme tuliksemme
abessive tulettamme tulittamme
instructive
comitative tulinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative tulenne tulenne
accusative nom. tulenne tulenne
gen. tulenne
genitive tulenne tulienne
tultenne
partitive tultanne tulianne
inessive tulessanne tulissanne
elative tulestanne tulistanne
illative tuleenne tuliinne
adessive tulellanne tulillanne
ablative tuleltanne tuliltanne
allative tulellenne tulillenne
essive tulenanne tulinanne
translative tuleksenne tuliksenne
abessive tulettanne tulittanne
instructive
comitative tulinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative tulensa tulensa
accusative nom. tulensa tulensa
gen. tulensa
genitive tulensa tuliensa
tultensa
partitive tultaan
tultansa
tuliaan
tuliansa
inessive tulessaan
tulessansa
tulissaan
tulissansa
elative tulestaan
tulestansa
tulistaan
tulistansa
illative tuleensa tuliinsa
adessive tulellaan
tulellansa
tulillaan
tulillansa
ablative tuleltaan
tuleltansa
tuliltaan
tuliltansa
allative tulelleen
tulellensa
tulilleen
tulillensa
essive tulenaan
tulenansa
tulinaan
tulinansa
translative tulekseen
tuleksensa
tulikseen
tuliksensa
abessive tulettaan
tulettansa
tulittaan
tulittansa
instructive
comitative tulineen
tulinensa
Derived terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Junttila, Santeri; Kallio, Petri; Holopainen, Sampsa; Kuokkala, Juha; Pystynen, Juho, editors (2020–), “tuli”, in Suomen vanhimman sanaston etymologinen verkkosanakirja[1] (in Finnish), retrieved 2024-01-01
  2. ^ Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

tuli

  1. third-person singular past indicative of tulla

References[edit]


Anagrams[edit]

Hanunoo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Philippine *tuli, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tuli, from Proto-Austronesian *Culi.

Noun[edit]

tuli

  1. (anatomy) ear

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay tuli, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tuli, from Proto-Austronesian *Culi.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈtuli]
  • Hyphenation: tu‧li

Adjective[edit]

tuli

  1. deaf
    Synonym: pekak

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Tuli.

From Proto-Finnic *tuli, from Proto-Uralic *tule. Cognates include Finnish tuli and Estonian tuli.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tuli

  1. fire
  2. campfire
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova, V. G. Erdeli, translated by Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 5:
      Oli jo pimmiä, kons möö näimmä pioneeriin tulen joen rannalt.
      It was already dark, when we saw the pioneers' fire from the river's shore.
  3. (usually in the partitive) lightning
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova, V. G. Erdeli, translated by P. I. Maksimov and N. A. Iljin, Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun neljättä klaassaa vart (toine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 71:
      Välimittee korjahuisivat pilvet, iski tulta, jyrisi, tipsahtelivat ensimäiset sorriat vihmatilkat.
      From time to time clouds gathered, lightning struck, it thundered, the first big raindrops fell.
Declension[edit]
Declension of tuli (type 5/keeli, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative tuli tulet
genitive tulen tulliin, tuliloin
partitive tulta, tult tullia, tuliloja
illative tullee tullii, tuliloihe
inessive tules tulis, tulilois
elative tulest tulist, tuliloist
allative tulelle tulille, tuliloille
adessive tulel tulil, tuliloil
ablative tulelt tulilt, tuliloilt
translative tuleks tuliks, tuliloiks
essive tulenna, tulleen tulinna, tuliloinna, tulliin, tuliloin
exessive1) tulent tulint, tuliloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tuli

  1. third-person singular indicative past of tulla

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 62
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 606
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[4], →ISBN, page 58

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

tuli m

  1. plural of tulio

Karelian[edit]

Tuldu.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *tuli, from Proto-Uralic *tule. Cognates include Finnish tuli and Estonian tuli.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tuli (genitive tulen, partitive tuldu)

  1. fire

References[edit]

  • P. M. Zaykov (1999) Грамматика Карельского языка (фонетика и морфология) [Grammar of the Karelian language (phonetics and morphology)], →ISBN, page 15

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

tulī

  1. first-person singular perfect active indicative of ferō

References[edit]

  • tuli”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tuli”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tuli in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *tuli, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tuli, from Proto-Austronesian *Culi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tuli (Jawi spellingتولي⁩)

  1. deaf

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: tuli

References[edit]

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtu.li/
  • Rhymes: -uli
  • Syllabification: tu‧li

Verb[edit]

tuli

  1. third-person singular present of tulić

Pukapukan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *tuli.

Noun[edit]

tuli

  1. plover

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic тоулити (tuliti), with senses from затулити (zatuliti, to hide), from Proto-Slavic *tuliti. Compare Bulgarian туля (tulja).

Verb[edit]

a tuli (third-person singular present tulește, past participle tulit) 4th conj.

  1. (popular, familiar, used in expressions) to run away, flee, leave
    Synonym: fugi
  2. (dialectal, dated) to descend, come down (such as from a mountain to a valley)
    Synonym: coborî
  3. (dialectal, dated) to hide
    Synonym: ascunde

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Samoan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *tuli, from Proto-Oceanic *tuli, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tuli, from Proto-Austronesian *Culi.

Adjective[edit]

tuli (used in the form tutuli)

  1. deaf

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *turi, from Proto-Oceanic *tur, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tuhud, from Proto-Austronesian *tuduS.

Noun[edit]

tuli

  1. (anatomy) knee
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *tuli.

Verb[edit]

tuli

  1. To chase.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *tuli.

Noun[edit]

tuli

  1. plover; sandpiper; curlew; godwit; whimbrel; small shorebird

Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tuli

  1. quiet

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Philippine *turiq (cf. Bikol Central turi, Cebuano tuli, Hiligaynon tuli, Maranao tori', Malay toreh). Also possibly related to Katuri, a little settlement on the river just opposite Cotabato where circumcision ceremonies were held in Maguindanao.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: tu‧li
  • IPA(key): /ˈtuliʔ/, [ˈtu.lɪʔ] (noun)
  • IPA(key): /tuˈliʔ/, [tʊˈliʔ] (adjective)

Noun[edit]

tulì (Baybayin spelling ᜆᜓᜎᜒ)

  1. circumcision
    Synonyms: pagtuli, pagtutuli, (obsolete) sunat, (obsolete) pagsusunat, (colloquial) binyag, (colloquial) pagbibinyag

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tulî (Baybayin spelling ᜆᜓᜎᜒ)

  1. circumcised
    Synonym: (obsolete) katan
    Antonyms: sungaw, supot

Further reading[edit]

  • tuli”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018
  • Najeeb Mitry Saleeby (1905) Studies in Moro history, law, and religion[5], Manila, Bureau of Public Printing

Tongan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *tuli, from Proto-Oceanic *tuli, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tuli, from Proto-Austronesian *Culi.

Adjective[edit]

tuli

  1. deaf

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *tuli.

Verb[edit]

tuli

  1. To chase.

Tuvaluan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *tuli, from Proto-Oceanic *tuli, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tuli, from Proto-Austronesian *Culi.

Adjective[edit]

tuli

  1. deaf

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *turi, from Proto-Oceanic *tur, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tuhud, from Proto-Austronesian *tuduS.

Noun[edit]

tuli

  1. (anatomy) knee; elbow

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *tuli.

Noun[edit]

tuli

  1. plover

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *tuli, from Proto-Uralic *tule.

Noun[edit]

tuli

  1. fire

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of tuli (inflection type 4/meri)
nominative sing. tuli
genitive sing. tulen
partitive sing. tult
partitive plur.
singular plural
nominative tuli
accusative tulen
genitive tulen
partitive tult
essive-instructive tulen
translative tuleks
inessive tules
elative tulespäi
illative tulehe
tulhe
adessive tulel
ablative tulelpäi
allative tulele
abessive tuleta
comitative tulenke
prolative tultme
approximative I tulenno
approximative II tulennoks
egressive tulennopäi
terminative I tulehesai
tulhesai
terminative II tulelesai
terminative III tulessai
additive I tulehepäi
tulhepäi
additive II tulelepäi

Vietnamese[edit]

Chemical element
Tm
Previous: eribi (Er)
Next: ytecbi (Yb)

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from New Latin thulium, with the suffix -um removed as with most chemical elements.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tuli

  1. thulium

Võro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *tuli, from Proto-Uralic *tule.

Noun[edit]

tuli (genitive tulõ, partitive tuld)

  1. fire

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *tuli, from Proto-Uralic *tule.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈtuli/, [ˈtuli]
  • Rhymes: -uli
  • Hyphenation: tu‧li

Noun[edit]

tuli

  1. fire

Inflection[edit]

Declension of tuli (type X/tuli, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative tuli tulõd
genitive tulõ tulijõ, tulii
partitive tultõ tuliitõ, tulii
illative tullõ, tullõsõ tuliisõ
inessive tulõz tuliiz
elative tulõssõ tuliissõ
allative tulõlõ tuliilõ
adessive tulõllõ tuliillõ
ablative tulõltõ tuliiltõ
translative tulõssi tuliissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative (sg) or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Hallap, V.; Adler, E.; Grünberg, S.; Leppik, M. (2012) Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language]‎[6], 2nd edition, Tallinn

Yakan[edit]

Verb[edit]

tuli

  1. To sleep.

Derived terms[edit]