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This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. fire


  • Samoyedic: *tuj
    • Nganasan: туй (tuj)
    • Enets:
      • Forest Enets: ту (tu)
      • Tundra Enets: [Term?] ()
    • Nenets:
      • Forest Nenets: [script needed] ()
      • Tundra Nenets: ту ()
    • Selkup: [script needed] ()
    • Kamassian: [script needed] (šʉ̄)
    • Mator: [script needed] (туи)
  • Permic:
  • Mari: тул (tul)
  • Mordvinic:
  • Samic: *tolë (see there for further descendants)
  • Finnic: *tuli (see there for further descendants)


  • Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Sammallahti, Pekka. 1988. "Historical phonology of the Uralic languages, with special reference to Samoyed, Ugric and Permic". In Sinor, Denis (ed.), The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, pp. 478–554. Leiden: Brill. →ISBN.

External links[edit]

  • Entry #1073 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.