excise

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See also: excisé

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch excijs, altered under the influence of Latin excisus (cut out, removed), from earlier accijs (tax), from Old French acceis (tax, assessment) (whence modern French accise), from Vulgar Latin *accensum, ultimately from Latin ad + census (tax, census).

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Noun[edit]

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excise (plural excises)

  1. A tax charged on goods produced within the country (as opposed to customs duties, charged on goods from outside the country).
    • 1668 July 3rd, James Dalrymple, “Thomas Rue contra Andrew Houſtoun” in The Deciſions of the Lords of Council & Seſſion I (Edinburgh, 1683), page 547
      Andrew Houſtoun and Adam Muſhet, being Tackſmen of the Excize, did Imploy Thomas Rue to be their Collector, and gave him a Sallary of 30. pound Sterling for a year.
    • 1755, Samuel Johnson, A Dictionary of the English Language, "excise",
      A hateful tax levied upon commodities, and adjudged not by the common judges of property, but wretches hired by those to whom Excise is paid.
    • 1787, Constitution of the United States of America, Article I, Section 8,
      The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises, to pay the debts [] of the United States;
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Verb[edit]

excise (third-person singular simple present excises, present participle excising, simple past and past participle excised)

  1. To impose an excise tax on something.

Etymology 2[edit]

From French exciser, from Latin excisus, past participle of excīdō (cut out), from ex (out of, from) + caedō (cut).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

excise (third-person singular simple present excises, present participle excising, simple past and past participle excised)

  1. To cut out; to remove.
    • 1846, William Youatt, The Dog,
      [T]hey [warts] may be lifted up with the forceps, and excised with a knife or scissors, and the wound touched with nitrate of silver.
    • 1901, Andrew Lang, Preface to the second edition of Myth, Ritual, and Religion,
      In revising the book I [] have excised certain passages which, as the book first appeared, were inconsistent with its main thesis.
    • 1987, Ann Rule, page 442 of Small Sacrifices,
      Insanity can be cured. Personality disorders are so inextricably entwined with the heart and mind and soul that it is well-nigh impossible to excise them.
  2. (rare) To perform certain types of female circumcision.
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French[edit]

Verb[edit]

excise

  1. first-person singular present indicative of exciser
  2. third-person singular present indicative of exciser
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of exciser
  4. first-person singular present subjunctive of exciser
  5. second-person singular imperative of exciser

Latin[edit]

Participle[edit]

excīse

  1. vocative masculine singular of excīsus