excise

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See also: excisé

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch excijs, altered under the influence of Latin excisus ‎(cut out, removed), from earlier accijs ‎(tax), from Old French acceis ‎(tax, assessment) (whence modern French accise), from Vulgar Latin *accensum, ultimately from Latin ad + census ‎(tax, census).

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Noun[edit]

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excise ‎(plural excises)

  1. A tax charged on goods produced within the country (as opposed to customs duties, charged on goods from outside the country).
    • 1668 July 3rd, James Dalrymple, “Thomas Rue contra Andrew Houſtoun” in The Deciſions of the Lords of Council & Seſſion I (Edinburgh, 1683), page 547
      Andrew Houſtoun and Adam Muſhet, being Tackſmen of the Excize, did Imploy Thomas Rue to be their Collector, and gave him a Sallary of 30. pound Sterling for a year.
    • 1755, Samuel Johnson, A Dictionary of the English Language, "excise",
      A hateful tax levied upon commodities, and adjudged not by the common judges of property, but wretches hired by those to whom Excise is paid.
    • 1787, Constitution of the United States of America, Article I, Section 8,
      The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises, to pay the debts [] of the United States;
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Verb[edit]

excise ‎(third-person singular simple present excises, present participle excising, simple past and past participle excised)

  1. To impose an excise tax on something.

Etymology 2[edit]

From French exciser, from Latin excisus, past participle of excīdō ‎(cut out), from ex ‎(out of, from) + caedō ‎(cut).

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Verb[edit]

excise ‎(third-person singular simple present excises, present participle excising, simple past and past participle excised)

  1. To cut out; to remove.
    • 1846, William Youatt, The Dog,
      [T]hey [warts] may be lifted up with the forceps, and excised with a knife or scissors, and the wound touched with nitrate of silver.
    • 1901, Andrew Lang, Preface to the second edition of Myth, Ritual, and Religion,
      In revising the book I [] have excised certain passages which, as the book first appeared, were inconsistent with its main thesis.
    • 1987, Ann Rule, page 442 of Small Sacrifices,
      Insanity can be cured. Personality disorders are so inextricably entwined with the heart and mind and soul that it is well-nigh impossible to excise them.
  2. (rare) To perform certain types of female circumcision.
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French[edit]

Verb[edit]

excise

  1. first-person singular present indicative of exciser
  2. third-person singular present indicative of exciser
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of exciser
  4. first-person singular present subjunctive of exciser
  5. second-person singular imperative of exciser

Latin[edit]

Participle[edit]

excīse

  1. vocative masculine singular of excīsus