excido

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Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From ex- +‎ cadō ‎(fall).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

excidō ‎(present infinitive excidere, perfect active excidī); third conjugation, no passive

  1. I fall out, from or down, tumble to the ground, collapse, break down, drop
  2. I fall out or from involuntarily, slip out, escape
  3. I differ from someone's opinion, disagree with, dissent
  4. I am lost or forgotten, pass away, perish, disappear
  5. I lose myself, fail; faint, swoon
  6. I slip out or escape from memory
  7. (with ablative) I am deprived of, miss, fail to obtain, forfeit, lose
Inflection[edit]
   Conjugation of excido (third conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excidō excidis excidit excidimus exciditis excidunt
imperfect excidēbam excidēbās excidēbat excidēbāmus excidēbātis excidēbant
future excidam excidēs excidet excidēmus excidētis excident
perfect excidī excidistī excidit excidimus excidistis excidērunt, excidēre
pluperfect excideram exciderās exciderat exciderāmus exciderātis exciderant
future perfect exciderō excideris exciderit exciderimus excideritis exciderint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excidam excidās excidat excidāmus excidātis excidant
imperfect exciderem exciderēs excideret exciderēmus exciderētis exciderent
perfect exciderim exciderīs exciderit exciderīmus exciderītis exciderint
pluperfect excidissem excidissēs excidisset excidissēmus excidissētis excidissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excide excidite
future exciditō exciditō exciditōte exciduntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives excidere excidisse
participles excidēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
excidere excidendī excidendō excidendum
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From ex- +‎ caedō ‎(cut; strike).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

excīdō ‎(present infinitive excīdere, perfect active excīdī, supine excīsum); third conjugation

  1. I cut or hew out, off, or down
  2. I raze, demolish, lay waste, destroy
  3. (figuratively) I extirpate, remove, banish
  4. (with virilitas) I castrate, geld
  5. (in a quarry) I cut out, hollow out, excavate
Inflection[edit]
   Conjugation of excido (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excīdō excīdis excīdit excīdimus excīditis excīdunt
imperfect excīdēbam excīdēbās excīdēbat excīdēbāmus excīdēbātis excīdēbant
future excīdam excīdēs excīdet excīdēmus excīdētis excīdent
perfect excīdī excīdistī excīdit excīdimus excīdistis excīdērunt, excīdēre
pluperfect excīderam excīderās excīderat excīderāmus excīderātis excīderant
future perfect excīderō excīderis excīderit excīderimus excīderitis excīderint
passive present excīdor excīderis, excīdere excīditur excīdimur excīdiminī excīduntur
imperfect excīdēbar excīdēbāris, excīdēbāre excīdēbātur excīdēbāmur excīdēbāminī excīdēbantur
future excīdar excīdēris, excīdēre excīdētur excīdēmur excīdēminī excīdentur
perfect excīsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect excīsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect excīsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excīdam excīdās excīdat excīdāmus excīdātis excīdant
imperfect excīderem excīderēs excīderet excīderēmus excīderētis excīderent
perfect excīderim excīderīs excīderit excīderīmus excīderītis excīderint
pluperfect excīdissem excīdissēs excīdisset excīdissēmus excīdissētis excīdissent
passive present excīdar excīdāris, excīdāre excīdātur excīdāmur excīdāminī excīdantur
imperfect excīderer excīderēris, excīderēre excīderētur excīderēmur excīderēminī excīderentur
perfect excīsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect excīsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excīde excīdite
future excīditō excīditō excīditōte excīduntō
passive present excīdere excīdiminī
future excīditor excīditor excīduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives excīdere excīdisse excīsūrus esse excīdī excīsus esse excīsum īrī
participles excīdēns excīsūrus excīsus excīdendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
excīdere excīdendī excīdendō excīdendum excīsum excīsū
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • excido” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.