geld

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Geld and geldt

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡɛld/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛld

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English geld and reinforced by Medieval Latin geldum, both from Old English geld, ġield (payment, tribute), from Proto-Germanic *geldą (reward, gift, money), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (to pay). Cognate with North Frisian jild (money), Saterland Frisian Jield, Jäild (money), Dutch geld (money), German Geld (money), Old Norse gjald (payment), Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌻𐌳 (gild, tribute). Also related to English yield. Geld is also written gelt or gild, and as such found in wergild, Danegeld, etc. Probably reinforced by gelt (which see), see Norwegian Bokmål gjeld (debt).

Noun[edit]

geld (countable and uncountable, plural gelds)

  1. (chiefly archaic or historical) Money.
    1. (historical) In particular, (money paid as) a medieval form of land tax.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English gelden, from Old Norse gelda (to geld, castrate), from geldr (yielding no milk, dry), cognate with Old High German galt.[1] Cognate with Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌻𐌸𐌰 (gilþa, sickle).[2] Compare the archaic German Gelze (castrated swine) and gelzen (castrate), Danish galt (castrated boar) (from Old Norse gǫltr (boar, hog), cognate with English gilt) and gilde (to geld). "gelding" derives from Old Norse geldingr.[1]

Verb[edit]

geld (third-person singular simple present gelds, present participle gelding, simple past and past participle gelded or gelt)

  1. (transitive) To castrate a male (usually an animal).
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room, Vintage Classics, paperback edition, page 16-17:
      "Poor old Topaz," said Mrs Flanders, as he stretched himself out in the sun, and she smiled, thinking how she had had him gelded, and how she did not like red hair in men.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To deprive of anything essential; to weaken.
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

geld (plural gelds)

  1. A female animal, such as a ewe or cow, that is not pregnant.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “geld”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  2. ^ geld in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch geld (money), from Middle Dutch gelt, from Old Dutch geld, from Proto-Germanic *geldą, cognate with German Geld (money), Old Norse gjald (payment), Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌻𐌳 (gild, tribute).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

geld (plural geld)

  1. money

Descendants[edit]

  • Sotho: tjhelete
  • Venda: tshelede

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɣɛlt/, (Northern Dutch) [xɛlt], (Southern Dutch) [ɣɛlt]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: geld
  • Rhymes: -ɛlt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch gelt, gheld, ghelt, from Old Dutch geld, from Proto-West Germanic *geld, from Proto-Germanic *geldą (reward, gift, money), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (to pay).

Noun[edit]

geld n (plural gelden)

  1. money
    Synonyms: doekoe, poen
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch gelde, probably borrowed from Old Norse geldr (barren, yielding no milk), from Proto-Germanic *galdaz, *galdijaz (barren, unfruitful). The ultimate origin is uncertain; possibly from Proto-Indo-European *gʰel- (to cut)[1], or from *gʰel- (to shout, cry).[2]

Adjective[edit]

geld (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete, of female animals) not pregnant
    Antonym: drachtig
  2. (obsolete, of fish) male
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of geld
uninflected geld
inflected gelde
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial geld
indefinite m./f. sing. gelde
n. sing. geld
plural gelde
definite gelde
partitive gelds
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • West Frisian: geld

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

geld

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gelden
  2. imperative of gelden

References[edit]

  1. ^ geld”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.
  2. ^ van der Sijs, Nicoline, editor (2010), “geld2”, in Etymologiebank, Meertens Institute

Icelandic[edit]

Verb[edit]

geld

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gjalda

Scots[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

geld (comparative mair geld, superlative maist geld)

  1. Alternative form of yeld