Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



From Latin exstirpō (uproot), from ex- (out of) +‎ stirps (the lower part of the trunk of a tree, including the roots; the stem, stalk).



extirpate (third-person singular simple present extirpates, present participle extirpating, simple past and past participle extirpated)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To clear an area of roots and stumps.
  2. (transitive) To pull up by the roots; uproot.
    Synonyms: uproot, eradicate, extricate, deracinate
  3. (transitive) To destroy completely; to annihilate, to cause to go extinct locally.
    Synonyms: annihilate, destroy, eradicate, exterminate; see also Thesaurus:destroy
    The cougar was extirpated across nearly all of its eastern North American range in the two centuries after European colonization.
    • 2022 February 23, Benedict le Vay, “Part of rail's past... present... and future”, in RAIL, number 951, page 56:
      "But if so, why do you see so many young children on steam trains - apart, that is, from being dragged along by their fathers, or grandfathers?
      "I think they enjoy them because they are simply so different, so mechanical, so hot, oily and clanky, so dirty, so 'analogue' in a digital world. They are everything modern life tries to extirpate in favour of silence, smoothness and cleanness. Kids love that.
  4. (transitive) To surgically remove.
    Synonym: excise

Related terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]




  1. second-person plural present active imperative of extirpō