ex-

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See also: ex, Ex, ex., and -ex

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English from words borrowed from Middle French; from Latin ex (out of, from), from Proto-Indo-European *eǵ-, *eǵs- (out), *eǵʰs. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐξ (eks, out of, from), Transalpine Gaulish ex- (out), Old Irish ess- (out), Old Church Slavonic изу (izu, out), Russian из (iz, from, out of).

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. out of
    extract, expel, except, expression, exclusion
  2. outside
    exterior, ex-directory
  3. former, but still living (almost always used with a hyphen)
    ex-husband, ex-president, ex-wife
  4. (biology) Lacking.
    excaudate, exstipulate

Usage notes[edit]

  • Sometimes the x in ex- is elided before certain constants, being reduced to e- (as, e.g., in ejaculate).

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


See also[edit]


Czech[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. ex- (former)

Derived terms[edit]



Italian[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. ex-

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ē- (before b, d, g, j, l, m, n, r, or v)
  • ec-, ef- (before f)

Etymology[edit]

The preposition ex, ē used in combination.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. out, away
    ē- + veniōēveniō
    ex- + clāmōexclāmō
    ex- + exeō
  2. throughout
    ē- + dormiōēdormiō
    ē- + pōtōēpōtō
  3. (intensive) thoroughly
    ē- + dūrus + ēdūrō
    ex- + acuōexacuō
  4. denoting achievement
    ex- + ōrōexōrō
    ex- + pugnōexpugnō
  5. up
    ex- + aggerōexaggerō
    ex- + struōexstruō
  6. denoting privation
    ex- + anima + exanimō
    ex- + sanguisexsanguis

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ef- (before f)

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. privation
    ef- + ‎flouren → ‎efflouren

Derived terms[edit]

Category Middle English words prefixed with ex- not found



Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ex.

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. ex- (former)

Derived terms[edit]



Swedish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. ex-, former, past

Derived terms[edit]