ex-

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See also: ex, Ex, ex., and -ex

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English from words borrowed from Middle French; from Latin ex(out of, from), from Proto-Indo-European *eǵ-, *eǵs-(out), *eǵʰs. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐξ(eks, out of, from), Transalpine Gaulish ex-(out), Old Irish ess-(out), Old Church Slavonic изу(izu, out), Russian из(iz, from, out of).

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. out of
    extract, expel, except, expression, exclusion
  2. outside
    exterior, ex-directory
  3. former, but still living (almost always used with a hyphen)
    ex-husband, ex-president , ex-wife
  4. (biology) Lacking.
    excaudate, exstipulate

Usage notes[edit]

  • Sometimes the x in ex- is elided before certain constants, being reduced to e- (as, e.g., in ejaculate).

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. ex-

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ē- (before b, d, g, j, l, m, n, r, or v)
  • ec-, ef- (before f)

Etymology[edit]

The preposition ex, ē used in combination.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. out, away
    ē- + veniōēveniō
    ex- + clāmōexclāmō
    ex- + exeō
  2. throughout
    ē- + dormiōēdormiō
    ē- + pōtōēpōtō
  3. thoroughly
    ē- + dūrus + ēdūrō
    ex- + acuōexacuō
  4. achievement
    ex- + ōrōexōrō
    ex- + pugnōexpugnō
  5. up
    ex- + aggerōexaggerō
    ex- + struōexstruō
  6. denoting privation
    ex- + anima + exanimō
    ex- + sanguisexsanguis

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • French: é-
  • Italian: s-

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ex.

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. ex- (former)

Derived terms[edit]



Swedish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. ex-, former, past

Derived terms[edit]