ex-

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See also: ex, Ex, ex., and -ex

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from words borrowed from Middle French; from Latin ex (out of, from), from Proto-Indo-European *eǵ-, *eǵs- (out), *eǵʰs. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐξ (ex, out of, from), Transalpine Gaulish ex- (out), Old Irish ess- (out), Old Church Slavonic изъ (izŭ, out), Russian из (iz, from, out of).

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. out of
    extract, expel, except, expression, exclusion
  2. outside
    exterior, ex-directory
  3. former, but still living (almost always used with a hyphen)
    ex-husband, ex-president, ex-wife
  4. (biology) Lacking.
    excaudate, exstipulate

Antonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Sometimes the x in ex- is elided before certain constants, being reduced to e- (as, e.g., in ejaculate).

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. ex- (former)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ex- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Italian[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. ex-

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ē- (before b, d, g, j, l, m, n, r, or v)
  • ec-, ef- (before f)

Etymology[edit]

The preposition ex, ē used in combination.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. out, away
    ē- + ‎veniō → ‎ēveniō
    ex- + ‎clāmō → ‎exclāmō
    ex- + ‎ → ‎exeō
  2. throughout
    ē- + ‎dormiō → ‎ēdormiō
    ē- + ‎pōtō → ‎ēpōtō
  3. (intensive) thoroughly
    ē- + ‎dūrus → ‎ēdūrō
    ex- + ‎acuō → ‎exacuō
  4. denoting achievement
    ex- + ‎ōrō → ‎exōrō
    ex- + ‎pugnō → ‎expugnō
  5. up
    ex- + ‎aggerō → ‎exaggerō
    ex- + ‎struō → ‎exstruō
  6. denoting privation
    ex- + ‎anima → ‎exanimō
    ex- + ‎sanguis → ‎exsanguis

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • French: é-
  • Italian: s-, es-
  • Old Occitan: [Term?]
  • Portuguese: es-, ex-
  • Spanish: es-

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. privation
    ef- + ‎flouren → ‎efflouren

Derived terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ex.

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. ex- (former)

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ex-

  1. ex-, former, past

Derived terms[edit]