exstruo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ex- +‎ struō (compose, build).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

exstruō (present infinitive exstruere, perfect active exstrūxī, supine exstrūctum); third conjugation

  1. I pile, heap or build up
  2. I construct

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of exstruō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exstruō exstruis exstruit exstruimus exstruitis exstruunt
imperfect exstruēbam exstruēbās exstruēbat exstruēbāmus exstruēbātis exstruēbant
future exstruam exstruēs exstruet exstruēmus exstruētis exstruent
perfect exstrūxī exstrūxistī exstrūxit exstrūximus exstrūxistis exstrūxērunt, exstrūxēre
pluperfect exstrūxeram exstrūxerās exstrūxerat exstrūxerāmus exstrūxerātis exstrūxerant
future perfect exstrūxerō exstrūxeris exstrūxerit exstrūxerimus exstrūxeritis exstrūxerint
passive present exstruor exstrueris, exstruere exstruitur exstruimur exstruiminī exstruuntur
imperfect exstruēbar exstruēbāris, exstruēbāre exstruēbātur exstruēbāmur exstruēbāminī exstruēbantur
future exstruar exstruēris, exstruēre exstruētur exstruēmur exstruēminī exstruentur
perfect exstrūctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect exstrūctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect exstrūctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exstruam exstruās exstruat exstruāmus exstruātis exstruant
imperfect exstruerem exstruerēs exstrueret exstruerēmus exstruerētis exstruerent
perfect exstrūxerim exstrūxerīs exstrūxerit exstrūxerīmus exstrūxerītis exstrūxerint
pluperfect exstrūxissem exstrūxissēs exstrūxisset exstrūxissēmus exstrūxissētis exstrūxissent
passive present exstruar exstruāris, exstruāre exstruātur exstruāmur exstruāminī exstruantur
imperfect exstruerer exstruerēris, exstruerēre exstruerētur exstruerēmur exstruerēminī exstruerentur
perfect exstrūctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect exstrūctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exstrue exstruite
future exstruitō exstruitō exstruitōte exstruuntō
passive present exstruere exstruiminī
future exstruitor exstruitor exstruuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives exstruere exstrūxisse exstrūctūrum esse exstruī exstrūctum esse exstrūctum īrī
participles exstruēns exstrūctūrus exstrūctus exstruendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
exstruendī exstruendō exstruendum exstruendō exstrūctum exstrūctū

References[edit]

  • exstruo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • exstruo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • exstruo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to erect a building, a monument: exstruere aedificium, monumentum
    • to raise a rampart, earthwork: vallum iacere, exstruere, facere
    • to raise towers: turres instituere, exstruere