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From ex- +‎ struō (compose, build).



exstruō (present infinitive exstruere, perfect active exstruxī, supine exstructum); third conjugation

  1. I pile, heap or build up
  2. I construct


   Conjugation of exstruo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exstruō exstruis exstruit exstruimus exstruitis exstruunt
imperfect exstruēbam exstruēbās exstruēbat exstruēbāmus exstruēbātis exstruēbant
future exstruam exstruēs exstruet exstruēmus exstruētis exstruent
perfect exstruxī exstruxistī exstruxit exstruximus exstruxistis exstruxērunt, exstruxēre
pluperfect exstruxeram exstruxerās exstruxerat exstruxerāmus exstruxerātis exstruxerant
future perfect exstruxerō exstruxeris exstruxerit exstruxerimus exstruxeritis exstruxerint
passive present exstruor exstrueris, exstruere exstruitur exstruimur exstruiminī exstruuntur
imperfect exstruēbar exstruēbāris, exstruēbāre exstruēbātur exstruēbāmur exstruēbāminī exstruēbantur
future exstruar exstruēris, exstruēre exstruētur exstruēmur exstruēminī exstruentur
perfect exstructus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect exstructus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect exstructus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exstruam exstruās exstruat exstruāmus exstruātis exstruant
imperfect exstruerem exstruerēs exstrueret exstruerēmus exstruerētis exstruerent
perfect exstruxerim exstruxerīs exstruxerit exstruxerīmus exstruxerītis exstruxerint
pluperfect exstruxissem exstruxissēs exstruxisset exstruxissēmus exstruxissētis exstruxissent
passive present exstruar exstruāris, exstruāre exstruātur exstruāmur exstruāminī exstruantur
imperfect exstruerer exstruerēris, exstruerēre exstruerētur exstruerēmur exstruerēminī exstruerentur
perfect exstructus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect exstructus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exstrue exstruite
future exstruitō exstruitō exstruitōte exstruuntō
passive present exstruere exstruiminī
future exstruitor exstruitor exstruuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives exstruere exstruxisse exstructūrus esse exstruī exstructus esse exstructum īrī
participles exstruēns exstructūrus exstructus exstruendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
exstruere exstruendī exstruendō exstruendum exstructum exstructū


  • exstruo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • exstruo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • exstruo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to erect a building, a monument: exstruere aedificium, monumentum
    • to raise a rampart, earthwork: vallum iacere, exstruere, facere
    • to raise towers: turres instituere, exstruere