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From onus (load, burden).



onerō (present infinitive onerāre, perfect active onerāvī, supine onerātum); first conjugation

  1. I burden, lade, load.
  2. (figuratively) I overwhelm, weary, oppress.
  3. (figuratively) I make more burdensome, aggravate.
  4. (poetic) I cover.


   Conjugation of onero (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present onerō onerās onerat onerāmus onerātis onerant
imperfect onerābam onerābās onerābat onerābāmus onerābātis onerābant
future onerābō onerābis onerābit onerābimus onerābitis onerābunt
perfect onerāvī onerāvistī onerāvit onerāvimus onerāvistis onerāvērunt, onerāvēre
pluperfect onerāveram onerāverās onerāverat onerāverāmus onerāverātis onerāverant
future perfect onerāverō onerāveris onerāverit onerāverimus onerāveritis onerāverint
passive present oneror onerāris, onerāre onerātur onerāmur onerāminī onerantur
imperfect onerābar onerābāris, onerābāre onerābātur onerābāmur onerābāminī onerābantur
future onerābor onerāberis, onerābere onerābitur onerābimur onerābiminī onerābuntur
perfect onerātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect onerātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect onerātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present onerem onerēs oneret onerēmus onerētis onerent
imperfect onerārem onerārēs onerāret onerārēmus onerārētis onerārent
perfect onerāverim onerāverīs onerāverit onerāverīmus onerāverītis onerāverint
pluperfect onerāvissem onerāvissēs onerāvisset onerāvissēmus onerāvissētis onerāvissent
passive present onerer onerēris, onerēre onerētur onerēmur onerēminī onerentur
imperfect onerārer onerārēris, onerārēre onerārētur onerārēmur onerārēminī onerārentur
perfect onerātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect onerātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present onerā onerāte
future onerātō onerātō onerātōte onerantō
passive present onerāre onerāminī
future onerātor onerātor onerantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives onerāre onerāvisse onerātūrus esse onerārī onerātus esse onerātum īrī
participles onerāns onerātūrus onerātus onerandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
onerāre onerandī onerandō onerandum onerātum onerātū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]






  1. first-person singular present indicative of onerar