From Proto-Italic *strowō (with spurious c in struxī and structum), from Proto-Indo-European *strew- (“to strew, to spread out”). Cognate with Old English strewian (English strew), Old Norse strá.
In Classical texts, the only passive forms for this verb are the third-person singular and plural. Please note that there is a disagreement over whether or not there is a macron on the third and fourth principal parts and the subsequent verb forms from these (strūxī for struxī and strūctum for structum).
- ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
- “struo” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
- Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press