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dē- +‎ struō (put together)



dēstruō (present infinitive dēstruere, perfect active dēstruxī, supine dēstructum); third conjugation

  1. I destroy, demolish, ruin.

Usage notes[edit]

In Classical texts, the only passive forms for this verb are the third-person singular and plural. Please note that there is a disagreement over whether or not there is a macron on the third and fourth principal parts and the subsequent verb forms from these (dēstrūxī for dēstruxī and dēstrūctum for dēstructum).


   Conjugation of destruo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēstruō dēstruis dēstruit dēstruimus dēstruitis dēstruunt
imperfect dēstruēbam dēstruēbās dēstruēbat dēstruēbāmus dēstruēbātis dēstruēbant
future dēstruam dēstruēs dēstruet dēstruēmus dēstruētis dēstruent
perfect dēstruxī dēstruxistī dēstruxit dēstruximus dēstruxistis dēstruxērunt, dēstruxēre
pluperfect dēstruxeram dēstruxerās dēstruxerat dēstruxerāmus dēstruxerātis dēstruxerant
future perfect dēstruxerō dēstruxeris dēstruxerit dēstruxerimus dēstruxeritis dēstruxerint
passive present dēstruor dēstrueris, dēstruere dēstruitur dēstruimur dēstruiminī dēstruuntur
imperfect dēstruēbar dēstruēbāris, dēstruēbāre dēstruēbātur dēstruēbāmur dēstruēbāminī dēstruēbantur
future dēstruar dēstruēris, dēstruēre dēstruētur dēstruēmur dēstruēminī dēstruentur
perfect dēstructus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect dēstructus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect dēstructus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēstruam dēstruās dēstruat dēstruāmus dēstruātis dēstruant
imperfect dēstruerem dēstruerēs dēstrueret dēstruerēmus dēstruerētis dēstruerent
perfect dēstruxerim dēstruxerīs dēstruxerit dēstruxerīmus dēstruxerītis dēstruxerint
pluperfect dēstruxissem dēstruxissēs dēstruxisset dēstruxissēmus dēstruxissētis dēstruxissent
passive present dēstruar dēstruāris, dēstruāre dēstruātur dēstruāmur dēstruāminī dēstruantur
imperfect dēstruerer dēstruerēris, dēstruerēre dēstruerētur dēstruerēmur dēstruerēminī dēstruerentur
perfect dēstructus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect dēstructus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēstrue dēstruite
future dēstruitō dēstruitō dēstruitōte dēstruuntō
passive present dēstruere dēstruiminī
future dēstruitor dēstruitor dēstruuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dēstruere dēstruxisse dēstructūrus esse dēstruī dēstructus esse dēstructum īrī
participles dēstruēns dēstructūrus dēstructus dēstruendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
dēstruere dēstruendī dēstruendō dēstruendum dēstructum dēstructū


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • destruo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • destruo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • destruo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette




  1. first-person singular present indicative of destruir