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From con- (with) +‎ struō (pile up, arrange; build, erect).



cōnstruō (present infinitive cōnstruere, perfect active cōnstrūxī, supine cōnstrūctum); third conjugation

  1. I heap, bring, collect or gather together.
  2. I construct, build, fabricate, erect.
  3. (grammar) I connect, construct.

Usage notes[edit]

In Classical texts, the only passive forms for this verb are the third-person singular and plural.


   Conjugation of cōnstruō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnstruō cōnstruis cōnstruit cōnstruimus cōnstruitis cōnstruunt
imperfect cōnstruēbam cōnstruēbās cōnstruēbat cōnstruēbāmus cōnstruēbātis cōnstruēbant
future cōnstruam cōnstruēs cōnstruet cōnstruēmus cōnstruētis cōnstruent
perfect cōnstrūxī cōnstrūxistī cōnstrūxit cōnstrūximus cōnstrūxistis cōnstrūxērunt, cōnstrūxēre
pluperfect cōnstrūxeram cōnstrūxerās cōnstrūxerat cōnstrūxerāmus cōnstrūxerātis cōnstrūxerant
future perfect cōnstrūxerō cōnstrūxeris cōnstrūxerit cōnstrūxerimus cōnstrūxeritis cōnstrūxerint
passive present cōnstruor cōnstrueris, cōnstruere cōnstruitur cōnstruimur cōnstruiminī cōnstruuntur
imperfect cōnstruēbar cōnstruēbāris, cōnstruēbāre cōnstruēbātur cōnstruēbāmur cōnstruēbāminī cōnstruēbantur
future cōnstruar cōnstruēris, cōnstruēre cōnstruētur cōnstruēmur cōnstruēminī cōnstruentur
perfect cōnstrūctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect cōnstrūctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect cōnstrūctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnstruam cōnstruās cōnstruat cōnstruāmus cōnstruātis cōnstruant
imperfect cōnstruerem cōnstruerēs cōnstrueret cōnstruerēmus cōnstruerētis cōnstruerent
perfect cōnstrūxerim cōnstrūxerīs cōnstrūxerit cōnstrūxerīmus cōnstrūxerītis cōnstrūxerint
pluperfect cōnstrūxissem cōnstrūxissēs cōnstrūxisset cōnstrūxissēmus cōnstrūxissētis cōnstrūxissent
passive present cōnstruar cōnstruāris, cōnstruāre cōnstruātur cōnstruāmur cōnstruāminī cōnstruantur
imperfect cōnstruerer cōnstruerēris, cōnstruerēre cōnstruerētur cōnstruerēmur cōnstruerēminī cōnstruerentur
perfect cōnstrūctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect cōnstrūctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnstrue cōnstruite
future cōnstruitō cōnstruitō cōnstruitōte cōnstruuntō
passive present cōnstruere cōnstruiminī
future cōnstruitor cōnstruitor cōnstruuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cōnstruere cōnstrūxisse cōnstrūctūrum esse cōnstruī cōnstrūctum esse cōnstrūctum īrī
participles cōnstruēns cōnstrūctūrus cōnstrūctus cōnstruendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
cōnstruendī cōnstruendō cōnstruendum cōnstruendō cōnstrūctum cōnstrūctū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • construo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • construo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • construo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette




  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of construir