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From con- +‎ trahō (drag).



contrahō (present infinitive contrahere, perfect active contrāxī, supine contractum); third conjugation

  1. I draw, bring or drag several objects together; collect, assemble, gather, amass.
    Synonyms: compellō, glomerō, cōgō, conferō, consociō, congerō, cōnstruō, coniungō, iungō, conciliō, concieō, concitō, conserō, illigō, colligō, ligō, convehō, committō, reficiō
    Antonyms: distraho, absolvo, solvo, persolvo, rumpo, dissolvo
  2. I bring about, accomplish, execute
    Synonyms: perficio, conficio, absolvo, fungor, defungor, patro, ago, expleo, cumulo, impleo, profligo
  3. I get, cause, produce, make.
    Synonyms: acquiro, apiscor, sumo, emo, pario, comparo, nanciscor, concilio
  4. I make a contract, conclude, transact, do business, contract.
  5. I draw close or together, draw in, contract, compress, shorten, narrow, lessen, abridge, diminish.
    Synonyms: stīpō, congerō
  6. (architecture) I make smaller or tapering, narrow.
  7. I draw in, lessen, check, restrain.


   Conjugation of contrahō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present contrahō contrahis contrahit contrahimus contrahitis contrahunt
imperfect contrahēbam contrahēbās contrahēbat contrahēbāmus contrahēbātis contrahēbant
future contraham contrahēs contrahet contrahēmus contrahētis contrahent
perfect contrāxī contrāxistī contrāxit contrāximus contrāxistis contrāxērunt,
pluperfect contrāxeram contrāxerās contrāxerat contrāxerāmus contrāxerātis contrāxerant
future perfect contrāxerō contrāxeris contrāxerit contrāxerimus contrāxeritis contrāxerint
passive present contrahor contraheris,
contrahitur contrahimur contrahiminī contrahuntur
imperfect contrahēbar contrahēbāris,
contrahēbātur contrahēbāmur contrahēbāminī contrahēbantur
future contrahar contrahēris,
contrahētur contrahēmur contrahēminī contrahentur
perfect contractus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect contractus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect contractus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present contraham contrahās contrahat contrahāmus contrahātis contrahant
imperfect contraherem contraherēs contraheret contraherēmus contraherētis contraherent
perfect contrāxerim contrāxerīs contrāxerit contrāxerīmus contrāxerītis contrāxerint
pluperfect contrāxissem contrāxissēs contrāxisset contrāxissēmus contrāxissētis contrāxissent
passive present contrahar contrahāris,
contrahātur contrahāmur contrahāminī contrahantur
imperfect contraherer contraherēris,
contraherētur contraherēmur contraherēminī contraherentur
perfect contractus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect contractus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present contrahe contrahite
future contrahitō contrahitō contrahitōte contrahuntō
passive present contrahere contrahiminī
future contrahitor contrahitor contrahuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives contrahere contrāxisse contractūrum esse contrahī contractum esse contractum īrī
participles contrahēns contractūrus contractus contrahendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
contrahendī contrahendō contrahendum contrahendō contractum contractū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • contraho”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • contraho”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • contraho in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to frown: frontem contrahere (opp. explicare)
    • to form a friendship with any one: amicitiam cum aliquo jungere, facere, inire, contrahere
    • to have business relations with some one: contrahere rem or negotium cum aliquo (Cluent. 14. 41)
    • to do no business with a man: nihil cum aliquo contrahere
    • to incur debts: aes alienum (always in sing.) facere, contrahere
    • to commit some blameworthy action: culpam committere, contrahere
    • to concentrate troops: conducere, contrahere copias
    • to furl the sails: vela contrahere (also metaph.)