contraho

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From con- +‎ trahō (drag).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

contrahō (present infinitive contrahere, perfect active contraxī, supine contractum); third conjugation

  1. I draw, bring or drag several objects together; collect, assemble, gather, amass.
  2. I bring about, accomplish, execute, get, cause, produce, make.
  3. I make a contract, conclude, transact, do business, contract.
  4. I draw close or together, draw in, contract, compress, shorten, narrow, lessen, abridge, diminish.
  5. (architecture) I make smaller or tapering, narrow.
  6. I draw in, lessen, check, restrain.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of contraho (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present contrahō contrahis contrahit contrahimus contrahitis contrahunt
imperfect contrahēbam contrahēbās contrahēbat contrahēbāmus contrahēbātis contrahēbant
future contraham contrahēs contrahet contrahēmus contrahētis contrahent
perfect contraxī contraxistī contraxit contraximus contraxistis contraxērunt, contraxēre
pluperfect contraxeram contraxerās contraxerat contraxerāmus contraxerātis contraxerant
future perfect contraxerō contraxeris contraxerit contraxerimus contraxeritis contraxerint
passive present contrahor contraheris, contrahere contrahitur contrahimur contrahiminī contrahuntur
imperfect contrahēbar contrahēbāris, contrahēbāre contrahēbātur contrahēbāmur contrahēbāminī contrahēbantur
future contrahar contrahēris, contrahēre contrahētur contrahēmur contrahēminī contrahentur
perfect contractus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect contractus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect contractus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present contraham contrahās contrahat contrahāmus contrahātis contrahant
imperfect contraherem contraherēs contraheret contraherēmus contraherētis contraherent
perfect contraxerim contraxerīs contraxerit contraxerīmus contraxerītis contraxerint
pluperfect contraxissem contraxissēs contraxisset contraxissēmus contraxissētis contraxissent
passive present contrahar contrahāris, contrahāre contrahātur contrahāmur contrahāminī contrahantur
imperfect contraherer contraherēris, contraherēre contraherētur contraherēmur contraherēminī contraherentur
perfect contractus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect contractus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present contrahe contrahite
future contrahitō contrahitō contrahitōte contrahuntō
passive present contrahere contrahiminī
future contrahitor contrahitor contrahuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives contrahere contraxisse contractūrus esse contrahī contractus esse contractum īrī
participles contrahēns contractūrus contractus contrahendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
contrahere contrahendī contrahendō contrahendum contractum contractū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • contraho in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • contraho in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • contraho” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to frown: frontem contrahere (opp. explicare)
    • to form a friendship with any one: amicitiam cum aliquo jungere, facere, inire, contrahere
    • to have business relations with some one: contrahere rem or negotium cum aliquo (Cluent. 14. 41)
    • to do no business with a man: nihil cum aliquo contrahere
    • to incur debts: aes alienum (always in sing.) facere, contrahere
    • to commit some blameworthy action: culpam committere, contrahere
    • to concentrate troops: conducere, contrahere copias
    • to furl the sails: vela contrahere (also metaph.)