expleo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

ex- +‎ pleō

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

expleō (present infinitive explēre, perfect active explēvī, supine explētum); second conjugation

  1. I fill up
  2. I complete

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of expleo (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present expleō explēs explet explēmus explētis explent
imperfect explēbam explēbās explēbat explēbāmus explēbātis explēbant
future explēbō explēbis explēbit explēbimus explēbitis explēbunt
perfect explēvī explēvistī, explēsti2 explēvit explēvimus explēvistis, explēstis2 explēvērunt, explēvēre
pluperfect explēveram explēverās explēverat explēverāmus explēverātis explēverant
future perfect explēverō explēveris explēverit explēverimus explēveritis explēverint
passive present expleor explēris, explēre explētur explēmur explēminī explentur
imperfect explēbar explēbāris, explēbāre explēbātur explēbāmur explēbāminī explēbantur
future explēbor explēberis, explēbere explēbitur explēbimur explēbiminī explēbuntur
perfect explētus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect explētus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect explētus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present expleam expleās expleat expleāmus expleātis expleant
imperfect explērem explērēs explēret explērēmus explērētis explērent
perfect explēverim explēverīs explēverit explēverīmus explēverītis explēverint
pluperfect explēvissem, explēssem2 explēvissēs, explēsses2 explēvisset, explēsset2 explēvissēmus, explēssemus2 explēvissētis, explēssetis2 explēvissent, explēssent2
passive present explear expleāris, expleāre expleātur expleāmur expleāminī expleantur
imperfect explērer explērēris, explērēre explērētur explērēmur explērēminī explērentur
perfect explētus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect explētus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present explē explēte
future explētō explētō explētōte explentō
passive present explēre explēminī
future explētor explētor explentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives explēre explēvisse, explēsse2 explētūrus esse explērī, explērier1 explētus esse explētum īrī
participles explēns explētūrus explētus explendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
explēre explendī explendō explendum explētum explētū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested for this verb.
2At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • explĕo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • expleo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • explĕo” on page 631 of Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to allay one's hunger, thirst: famem, sitim explere
    • to fulfil expectation: exspectationem explere (De Or. 1. 47. 205)
    • to glut one's hatred: odium explere aliqua re (Liv. 4. 32)
    • to cool one's anger: animum explere
    • to satisfy one's desires: cupiditates explere, satiare
    • to fulfil the duties of one's position: munus explere, sustinere
  • expleō” on page 650 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “explere”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus (in Latin), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 398/1