thirst

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English thirst, thurst, from Old English þurst, from Western Proto-Germanic *þurstuz, from Proto-Indo-European *ters- (dry). Germanic cognates include Old High German thurst, Middle High German durst, German Durst, Old Saxon thurst, Old Dutch thursti, Middle Dutch dorst, dorste, Dutch dorst, Old Norse þorsti (Swedish törst, Icelandic þorsti, Danish tørst, Norwegian tørst). Indo-European cognates include Ancient Greek τέρσομαι (térsomai), Albanian djersë (sweat), Sanskrit तृष्णा (tṛṣṇā, desire; thirst), Sanskrit तृष्यति (tṛ́ṣyati), Latin terra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

thirst (countable and uncountable, plural thirsts)

  1. A sensation of dryness in the throat associated with a craving for liquids, produced by deprivation of drink, or by some other cause (such as fear, excitement, etc.) which spots the secretion of the pharyngeal mucous membrane
  2. The condition producing the sensation of thirst.
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter IV
      "We haven't one chance for life in a hundred thousand if we don't find food and water upon Caprona. This water coming out of the cliff is not salt; but neither is it fit to drink, though each of us has drunk. It is fair to assume that inland the river is fed by pure streams, that there are fruits and herbs and game. Shall we lie out here and die of thirst and starvation with a land of plenty possibly only a few hundred yards away? We have the means for navigating a subterranean river. Are we too cowardly to utilize this means?"
  3. (figuratively) A want and eager desire (for something); a craving or longing.
    a thirst for gold
  4. (slang) sexual lust

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Verb[edit]

thirst (third-person singular simple present thirsts, present participle thirsting, simple past and past participle thirsted)

  1. (intransitive) To be thirsty.
    • Bible, Exodus xvii. 3
      The people thirsted there for water.
  2. (intransitive, usually followed by "for") To desire vehemently.
    • Bible, Psalms xlii. 2
      My soul thirsteth for [] the living God.
    I thirst for knowledge and education will sate me.

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