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See also: sitīs


Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *dʰgʷʰítis (perishing, destruction, decrease), from *dʰgʷʰey- (to decline, perish), with the Proto-Indo-European cluster *dʰgʷʰ- metathesizing into pre-Italic *gʷʰdʰ-, yielding *kts- and finally Latin s-. Cognates include Sanskrit क्षिति (kṣíti, perishing, downfall) and Ancient Greek φθίσις (phthísis, decrease, emaciation).



sitis f sg (genitive sitis); third declension

  1. thirst

Third-declension noun (i-stem, accusative singular in -im, ablative singular in ), singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative sitis
Genitive sitis
Dative sitī
Accusative sitim
Ablative sitī
Vocative sitis
Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • Aromanian: seati
  • Asturian: sede
  • Catalan: set
  • Dalmatian: sait
  • Franco-Provençal: sêt
  • French: soif
  • Friulian: sêt
  • Galician: sede
  • Italian: sete
  • Leonese: sede
  • Mozarabic:
    Arabic: شَّاتى(šeti)
    Hebrew: שׁאֵתיִ(šeti)
  • Occitan: set
  • Piedmontese: sej, sèj


  • sitis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sitis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sitis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to allay one's hunger, thirst: famem, sitim explere
    • to become thirsty: sitim colligere
    • to slake one's thirst by a draught of cold water: sitim haustu gelidae aquae sedare
    • (ambiguous) to suffer agonies of thirst: siti cruciari, premi
    • (ambiguous) to be able to endure hunger and thirst: famis et sitis patientem esse
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 568

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of sum (I am).




  1. second-person plural present active subjunctive of sum



sitis (def. situšais)

  1. having hit, having struck, having beaten; indefinite past active participle of sist