तृष्णा

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit तृष्णा (tṛṣṇā), from Proto-Indo-European *ters- (dry).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

तृष्णा (tŕṣṇāf

  1. (poetic) thirst, desire
    Synonyms: प्यास (pyās)
    • 2008, Asha Bhosle, Aise Jalta Hai Jiya
      तृष्णा पुकारे मेरी
      सुन बहरिया...
      ऐसे जलता हैं जिया
      जैसे दिया
      tŕṣṇā pukāre merī
      sun bahriyā...
      aise jaltā ha͠i jiyā
      jaise diyā
      My thirst is calling out to you
      Listen o deaf one
      My heart burns
      Like a lamp
  2. want, desire

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *tŕ̥ṣnaH, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *tŕ̥šnas, from Proto-Indo-European *tr̥s-nó-s, from *ters- (dry). Cognates include Avestan 𐬙𐬀𐬭𐬱𐬥𐬀 (taršna), Persian تشنه (tešne), Ancient Greek τέρσομαι (térsomai), Latin terra, Old Armenian թառամիմ (tʿaṙamim, I wither), Old English þurst (English thirst). Related to तृष्यति (tṛṣyati).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /t̪ŕ̩ʂ.ɳɑː/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈt̪r̩ʂ.ɳɑː/
  • Noun[edit]

    तृष्णा (tṛ́ṣṇāf

    1. thirst
    2. desire
    3. desire personified as a goddess

    Declension[edit]

    Feminine ā-stem declension of तृष्णा (tṛ́ṣṇā)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative तृष्णा
    tṛ́ṣṇā
    तृष्णे
    tṛ́ṣṇe
    तृष्णाः
    tṛ́ṣṇāḥ
    Vocative तृष्णे
    tṛ́ṣṇe
    तृष्णे
    tṛ́ṣṇe
    तृष्णाः
    tṛ́ṣṇāḥ
    Accusative तृष्णाम्
    tṛ́ṣṇām
    तृष्णे
    tṛ́ṣṇe
    तृष्णाः
    tṛ́ṣṇāḥ
    Instrumental तृष्णया / तृष्णा¹
    tṛ́ṣṇayā / tṛ́ṣṇā¹
    तृष्णाभ्याम्
    tṛ́ṣṇābhyām
    तृष्णाभिः
    tṛ́ṣṇābhiḥ
    Dative तृष्णायै
    tṛ́ṣṇāyai
    तृष्णाभ्याम्
    tṛ́ṣṇābhyām
    तृष्णाभ्यः
    tṛ́ṣṇābhyaḥ
    Ablative तृष्णायाः
    tṛ́ṣṇāyāḥ
    तृष्णाभ्याम्
    tṛ́ṣṇābhyām
    तृष्णाभ्यः
    tṛ́ṣṇābhyaḥ
    Genitive तृष्णायाः
    tṛ́ṣṇāyāḥ
    तृष्णयोः
    tṛ́ṣṇayoḥ
    तृष्णानाम्
    tṛ́ṣṇānām
    Locative तृष्णायाम्
    tṛ́ṣṇāyām
    तृष्णयोः
    tṛ́ṣṇayoḥ
    तृष्णासु
    tṛ́ṣṇāsu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 454/1