तृष्णा

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit तृष्णा (tṛṣṇā), from Proto-Indo-European *ters- (dry).

Noun[edit]

तृष्णा (tŕṣṇāf

  1. (poetic) thirst, desire
    Synonyms: प्यास (pyās)
    • 2008, Asha Bhosle, Aise Jalta Hai Jiya
      तृष्णा पुकारे मेरी
      सुन बहरिया...
      ऐसे जलता हैं जिया
      जैसे दिया
      tŕṣṇā pukāre merī
      sun bahriyā...
      aise jaltā ha͠i jiyā
      jaise diyā
      My thirst is calling out to you
      Listen o deaf one
      My heart burns
      Like a lamp
  2. want, desire.

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *tŕ̥ṣnaH, Proto-Indo-Iranian *tŕ̥šnas, from Proto-Indo-European *ters- (dry). Cognates include Avestan 𐬙𐬀𐬭𐬱𐬥𐬀 (taršna), Persian تشنه (tešne), Ancient Greek τέρσομαι (térsomai), Latin terra, Old Armenian թառամիմ (tʿaṙamim, I wither) and Old English þurst (English thirst). Related to तृष्यति (tṛṣyati).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

तृष्णा (tṛ́ṣṇāf

  1. thirst
  2. desire
  3. desire personified as a goddess

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of तृष्णा
Nom. sg. तृष्णा (tṛṣṇā)
Gen. sg. तृष्णायाः (tṛṣṇāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तृष्णा (tṛṣṇā) तृष्णे (tṛṣṇe) तृष्णाः (tṛṣṇāḥ)
Vocative तृष्णे (tṛṣṇe) तृष्णे (tṛṣṇe) तृष्णाः (tṛṣṇāḥ)
Accusative तृष्णाम् (tṛṣṇām) तृष्णे (tṛṣṇe) तृष्णाः (tṛṣṇāḥ)
Instrumental तृष्णया (tṛṣṇayā) तृष्णाभ्याम् (tṛṣṇābhyām) तृष्णाभिः (tṛṣṇābhiḥ)
Dative तृष्णायै (tṛṣṇāyai) तृष्णाभ्याम् (tṛṣṇābhyām) तृष्णाभ्यः (tṛṣṇābhyaḥ)
Ablative तृष्णायाः (tṛṣṇāyāḥ) तृष्णाभ्याम् (tṛṣṇābhyām) तृष्णाभ्यः (tṛṣṇābhyaḥ)
Genitive तृष्णायाः (tṛṣṇāyāḥ) तृष्णयोः (tṛṣṇayoḥ) तृष्णानाम् (tṛṣṇānām)
Locative तृष्णायाम् (tṛṣṇāyām) तृष्णयोः (tṛṣṇayoḥ) तृष्णासु (tṛṣṇāsu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 454/1