hunger

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See also: Hunger

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hunger, from Old English hungor (hunger, desire; famine), from Proto-Germanic *hungruz, *hunhruz (hunger), from Proto-Indo-European *kenk- (to burn, smart, desire, hunger, thirst). Cognate with West Frisian honger, hûnger (hunger), Dutch honger (hunger), German Low German Hunger (hunger), German Hunger (hunger), Swedish hunger (hunger), Icelandic hungur (hunger).

Noun[edit]

hunger (countable and uncountable, plural hungers)

  1. A need or compelling desire for food.
  2. (by extension) Any strong desire.
    I have a hunger to win.
    • (Can we date this quote by Spenser and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      O sacred hunger of ambitious minds!

Usage notes[edit]

The phrase be hungry is more common than have hunger to express a need for food.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English hyngran, from Proto-Germanic *hungrijaną.

Verb[edit]

hunger (third-person singular simple present hungers, present participle hungering, simple past and past participle hungered)

  1. (intransitive) To be in need of food.
  2. (figuratively, intransitive, usually with 'for' or 'after') To have a desire (for); to long; to yearn.
    I hungered for your love.
  3. (archaic, transitive) To make hungry; to famish.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

hunger

  1. (uncommon) hunger

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Verb[edit]

hunger

  1. First-person singular present of hungern.
  2. Imperative singular of hungern.

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English hungor, from Proto-Germanic *hungruz, *hunhruz.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhunɡər/, [ˈhuŋɡər]

Noun[edit]

hunger (uncountable)

  1. Hungriness; the feeling of being hungry or requiring satiation.
  2. Hunger; a great lack or death of food or nutrition.
  3. A shortage of food in a region or country; widespread hunger.
    • a. 1382, John Wycliffe, “2 Paralipomenon 6:28”, in Wycliffe's Bible:
      If hungur riſiþ in þe lond and peſtilence and ruſt and wynd diſtriynge cornes and a locuste and bꝛuke comeþ and if enemyes biſegen þe ȝatis of þe citee aftir þat þe cuntreis ben diſtried and al veniaunce and ſikenesse oppꝛeſſiþ []
      If hunger rises in the land, and pestilence, rust, wind, destroying grain, and locusts and their young come, and if enemies besiege a city's gates after the city's surrounds are ruined, and when any destruction and disease oppresses (people) []
  4. Hunger as a metaphorical individual; the force of hunger.
  5. (rare) Any strong drive or compulsion.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: hunger
  • Scots: hounger, hunger

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hungr, from Proto-Germanic *hunhruz.

Noun[edit]

hunger m (definite singular hungeren, uncountable)

  1. hunger

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Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

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Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hungr

Noun[edit]

hunger m (definite singular hungeren) (uncountable)

  1. hunger

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hungr, from Proto-Germanic *hunhruz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hunger c (uncountable)

  1. hunger

Declension[edit]

Declension of hunger 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative hunger hungern
Genitive hungers hungerns

See also[edit]