gana

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See also: Gana, ganá, gaña, ganā, Gāna, and ga na

Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

gana

  1. inflection of ganar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Balinese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gana

  1. Romanization of ᬕᬦ
  2. Romanization of ᬕᬵᬦ
  3. Romanization of ᬕᬡ
  4. Romanization of ᬖᬦ

Bikol Central[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish ganar (to win).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ga‧na
  • IPA(key): /ˈɡana/

Adjective[edit]

gana

  1. victorious; triumphant
    Synonym: daog

Noun[edit]

gana

  1. win; victory; triumph
    Antonym: daog
  2. appetite
  3. enthusiasm
    Synonym: entusiyasmo
  4. function
    Synonym: andar

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Breton[edit]

Verb[edit]

gana

  1. Soft mutation of kana.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown, maybe related to Gothic *𐌲𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌽 (*ganan, to covet)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gana f (plural ganes)

  1. hunger (desire for food)
    Synonym: fam
  2. (especially in the plural) desire to do something
    tenir ganesto feel like, fancy (literally, “to have desires”)

Further reading[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish gana.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ga‧na
  • IPA(key): /ˈɡana/, [ˈɡa.n̪ʌ]

Noun[edit]

gana

  1. Appetite.
  2. Desire.

Verb[edit]

gana

  1. To work.
  2. To start up.

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested since 1671. From Spanish gana, maybe from Gothic *𐌲𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌽 (*ganan, to covet) .[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gana f (plural ganas)

  1. desire to do something; zest
    Synonym: desexo
  2. appetite
    Synonym: apetito
  3. ill will
  4. urge
    Tes gana de mexar?Do you feel the urge to piss?

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joan Coromines; José A. Pascual (1983–1991), “gana”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos

Gamilaraay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Wiradhuri ganang.

Noun[edit]

gana

  1. liver

Garo[edit]

Verb[edit]

gana

  1. to wear

Hiligaynon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish gana.

Noun[edit]

gana

  1. appetite, desire

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Lithuanian ganà (enough, rather, fairly).

Adverb[edit]

gana

  1. enough

Noun[edit]

gana m

  1. genitive singular form of gans

Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Latvian gana (enough, rather, fairly), Old Church Slavonic гонѣти (goněti, to suffice).

Derksen considers possible a derivation from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰen-, similar to giñti (drive, chase). Possible relatives include Sanskrit घन (ghaná, dense, thick), Sanskrit आहनस् (āhanás, thriving, full), Old Armenian յոգն (yogn, plenty).

This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Needs to be sorted out. The claimed root means strike (unless there are two homophone roots), the words under consideration mean enough/numerous, and ginti means to chase, but what is the precise etymological and semantic relationship?”

Adverb[edit]

ganà

  1. enough, sufficiently
    Synonyms: pakanka, užtenka, pakankamai, užtektinai
    Aš turiu gana pinigų.I have enough money.
    Gana jau, gana!Enough already, enough!
  2. rather, fairly
    Synonyms: gerokai, pakankamai
    Jis gana trumpas.He is rather short.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Northern Sotho[edit]

Verb[edit]

gana

  1. to refuse

Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish gana.

Noun[edit]

gana

  1. desire
  2. wish
  3. appetite

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish gana.

Noun[edit]

gana f (plural ganas)

  1. a strong desire, willingness or enthusiasm to achieve something; impetus; spur
    Synonyms: garra, fome
  2. ill will (aversion towards someone)
    Synonyms: aversão, ranço, desgosto, ódio

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

gana

  1. inflection of ganir:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Rohingya[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Bengali.

Noun[edit]

gana (Hanifi spelling 𐴒𐴝𐴕𐴝)

  1. song

Related terms[edit]


Salar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from Salar gan (blood).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Ili, Yining, Xinjiang) IPA(key): [qɑnɑ]

Verb[edit]

gana

  1. (Ili Salar) to bleed
    Synonym: tañna

References[edit]

  • Yakup, Abdurishid (2002), “gana”, in An Ili Salar Vocabulary: Introduction and a Provisional Salar-English Lexicon, Tokyo: University of Tokyo, →ISBN, page 104

Sardinian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish gana.

Noun[edit]

gana

  1. desire

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown, maybe related to Gothic *𐌲𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌽 (*ganan, to covet) and thus ganar.

Noun[edit]

gana f (plural ganas)

  1. (often in the plural) desire (to do something)
    Tengo ganas de irme.
    I've got an urge to leave.
    Lo que me da la gana.
    Whatever I feel like doing.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Sicilian: gana, jana

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

gana

  1. inflection of ganar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]


Swazi[edit]

Verb[edit]

-gana

  1. to take/accept a lover (only said of a girl)

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish gana.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ga‧na
  • IPA(key): /ˈɡana/, [ˈɡa.nɐ]

Noun[edit]

gana

  1. appetite; relish for food or drink
  2. inclination; liking; willingness to do something
  3. seal; enthusiasm; diligence
    Synonyms: sigla, sigasig
  4. functioning (of machines)
  5. salary; wages; income
    Synonyms: kita, suweldo, sahod
  6. renumeration; reward; compensation
    Synonyms: gantimpagal, bayad, gantimpala
  7. gain; profit
    Synonyms: tubo, ganansiya, pakinabang
  8. interest from loans
    Synonyms: tubo, patubo, patong, interes
  9. tight hold or grip (as of a wrench)
    Synonyms: hapit, kagat
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ga‧na
  • IPA(key): /ɡaˈna/, [ɡɐˈna]

Adverb[edit]

ganá

  1. at once; immediately
    Synonyms: agad, kaagad, pagdaka, pagkaraka

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

gana

  1. genitive singular of gan

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gana

  1. Soft mutation of cana.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cana gana nghana chana
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Wiradhuri[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Ngiyambaa kanaa.

Noun[edit]

gana

  1. shoulder
    • 1892, James Günther, Grammar and Vocabulary of the Aboriginal Dialect called the Wirradhuri, in John Fraser (ed.), An Australian Language
      Gãnna—the shoulder.

Zulu[edit]

Verb[edit]

-gana

  1. to marry, to choose a husband

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukugana
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukugana ukungagani
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular gana -gane
Plural ganani -ganeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyagana, ngigana engiganayo, engigana ngigana angigani engingagani ngingagani
2nd singular uyagana, ugana oganayo, ogana ugana awugani ongagani ungagani
1st plural siyagana, sigana esiganayo, esigana sigana asigani esingagani singagani
2nd plural niyagana, nigana eniganayo, enigana nigana anigani eningagani ningagani
Class 1 uyagana, ugana oganayo, ogana egana akagani ongagani engagani
Class 2 bayagana, bagana abaganayo, abagana begana abagani abangagani bengagani
Class 3 uyagana, ugana oganayo, ogana ugana awugani ongagani ungagani
Class 4 iyagana, igana eganayo, egana igana ayigani engagani ingagani
Class 5 liyagana, ligana eliganayo, eligana ligana aligani elingagani lingagani
Class 6 ayagana, agana aganayo, agana egana awagani angagani engagani
Class 7 siyagana, sigana esiganayo, esigana sigana asigani esingagani singagani
Class 8 ziyagana, zigana eziganayo, ezigana zigana azigani ezingagani zingagani
Class 9 iyagana, igana eganayo, egana igana ayigani engagani ingagani
Class 10 ziyagana, zigana eziganayo, ezigana zigana azigani ezingagani zingagani
Class 11 luyagana, lugana oluganayo, olugana lugana alugani olungagani lungagani
Class 14 buyagana, bugana obuganayo, obugana bugana abugani obungagani bungagani
Class 15 kuyagana, kugana okuganayo, okugana kugana akugani okungagani kungagani
Class 17 kuyagana, kugana okuganayo, okugana kugana akugani okungagani kungagani
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiganile, ngiganē engiganile, engiganē ngiganile, ngiganē angigananga engingagananga ngingagananga
2nd singular uganile, uganē oganile, oganē uganile, uganē awugananga ongagananga ungagananga
1st plural siganile, siganē esiganile, esiganē siganile, siganē asigananga esingagananga singagananga
2nd plural niganile, niganē eniganile, eniganē niganile, niganē anigananga eningagananga ningagananga
Class 1 uganile, uganē oganile, oganē eganile, eganē akagananga ongagananga engagananga
Class 2 baganile, baganē abaganile, abaganē beganile, beganē abagananga abangagananga bengagananga
Class 3 uganile, uganē oganile, oganē uganile, uganē awugananga ongagananga ungagananga
Class 4 iganile, iganē eganile, eganē iganile, iganē ayigananga engagananga ingagananga
Class 5 liganile, liganē eliganile, eliganē liganile, liganē aligananga elingagananga lingagananga
Class 6 aganile, aganē aganile, aganē eganile, eganē awagananga angagananga engagananga
Class 7 siganile, siganē esiganile, esiganē siganile, siganē asigananga esingagananga singagananga
Class 8 ziganile, ziganē eziganile, eziganē ziganile, ziganē azigananga ezingagananga zingagananga
Class 9 iganile, iganē eganile, eganē iganile, iganē ayigananga engagananga ingagananga
Class 10 ziganile, ziganē eziganile, eziganē ziganile, ziganē azigananga ezingagananga zingagananga
Class 11 luganile, luganē oluganile, oluganē luganile, luganē alugananga olungagananga lungagananga
Class 14 buganile, buganē obuganile, obuganē buganile, buganē abugananga obungagananga bungagananga
Class 15 kuganile, kuganē okuganile, okuganē kuganile, kuganē akugananga okungagananga kungagananga
Class 17 kuganile, kuganē okuganile, okuganē kuganile, kuganē akugananga okungagananga kungagananga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāgana engāgana ngāgana angigananga engingagananga ngingagananga
2nd singular wāgana owāgana wāgana awugananga ongagananga ungagananga
1st plural sāgana esāgana sāgana asigananga esingagananga singagananga
2nd plural nāgana enāgana nāgana anigananga eningagananga ningagananga
Class 1 wāgana owāgana āgana akagananga ongagananga engagananga
Class 2 bāgana abāgana bāgana abagananga abangagananga bengagananga
Class 3 wāgana owāgana wāgana awugananga ongagananga ungagananga
Class 4 yāgana eyāgana yāgana ayigananga engagananga ingagananga
Class 5 lāgana elāgana lāgana aligananga elingagananga lingagananga
Class 6 āgana āgana āgana awagananga angagananga engagananga
Class 7 sāgana esāgana sāgana asigananga esingagananga singagananga
Class 8 zāgana ezāgana zāgana azigananga ezingagananga zingagananga
Class 9 yāgana eyāgana yāgana ayigananga engagananga ingagananga
Class 10 zāgana ezāgana zāgana azigananga ezingagananga zingagananga
Class 11 lwāgana olwāgana lwāgana alugananga olungagananga lungagananga
Class 14 bāgana obāgana bāgana abugananga obungagananga bungagananga
Class 15 kwāgana okwāgana kwāgana akugananga okungagananga kungagananga
Class 17 kwāgana okwāgana kwāgana akugananga okungagananga kungagananga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingagana ngingagana ngingegane ngingegane
2nd singular ungagana ungagana ungegane ungegane
1st plural singagana singagana singegane singegane
2nd plural ningagana ningagana ningegane ningegane
Class 1 angagana engagana angegane engegane
Class 2 bangagana bengagana bangegane bengegane
Class 3 ungagana ungagana ungegane ungegane
Class 4 ingagana ingagana ingegane ingegane
Class 5 lingagana lingagana lingegane lingegane
Class 6 angagana engagana angegane engegane
Class 7 singagana singagana singegane singegane
Class 8 zingagana zingagana zingegane zingegane
Class 9 ingagana ingagana ingegane ingegane
Class 10 zingagana zingagana zingegane zingegane
Class 11 lungagana lungagana lungegane lungegane
Class 14 bungagana bungagana bungegane bungegane
Class 15 kungagana kungagana kungegane kungegane
Class 17 kungagana kungagana kungegane kungegane
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizogana engizogana ngizogana angizugana engingezugana ngingezugana
2nd singular uzogana ozogana uzogana awuzugana ongezugana ungezugana
1st plural sizogana esizogana sizogana asizugana esingezugana singezugana
2nd plural nizogana enizogana nizogana anizugana eningezugana ningezugana
Class 1 uzogana ozogana ezogana akazugana ongezugana engezugana
Class 2 bazogana abazogana bezogana abazugana abangezugana bengezugana
Class 3 uzogana ozogana uzogana awuzugana ongezugana ungezugana
Class 4 izogana ezogana izogana ayizugana engezugana ingezugana
Class 5 lizogana elizogana lizogana alizugana elingezugana lingezugana
Class 6 azogana azogana ezogana awazugana angezugana engezugana
Class 7 sizogana esizogana sizogana asizugana esingezugana singezugana
Class 8 zizogana ezizogana zizogana azizugana ezingezugana zingezugana
Class 9 izogana ezogana izogana ayizugana engezugana ingezugana
Class 10 zizogana ezizogana zizogana azizugana ezingezugana zingezugana
Class 11 luzogana oluzogana luzogana aluzugana olungezugana lungezugana
Class 14 buzogana obuzogana buzogana abuzugana obungezugana bungezugana
Class 15 kuzogana okuzogana kuzogana akuzugana okungezugana kungezugana
Class 17 kuzogana okuzogana kuzogana akuzugana okungezugana kungezugana
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyogana engiyogana ngiyogana angiyugana engingeyugana ngingeyugana
2nd singular uyogana oyogana uyogana awuyugana ongeyugana ungeyugana
1st plural siyogana esiyogana siyogana asiyugana esingeyugana singeyugana
2nd plural niyogana eniyogana niyogana aniyugana eningeyugana ningeyugana
Class 1 uyogana oyogana eyogana akayugana ongeyugana engeyugana
Class 2 bayogana abayogana beyogana abayugana abangeyugana bengeyugana
Class 3 uyogana oyogana uyogana awuyugana ongeyugana ungeyugana
Class 4 iyogana eyogana iyogana ayiyugana engeyugana ingeyugana
Class 5 liyogana eliyogana liyogana aliyugana elingeyugana lingeyugana
Class 6 ayogana ayogana eyogana awayugana angeyugana engeyugana
Class 7 siyogana esiyogana siyogana asiyugana esingeyugana singeyugana
Class 8 ziyogana eziyogana ziyogana aziyugana ezingeyugana zingeyugana
Class 9 iyogana eyogana iyogana ayiyugana engeyugana ingeyugana
Class 10 ziyogana eziyogana ziyogana aziyugana ezingeyugana zingeyugana
Class 11 luyogana oluyogana luyogana aluyugana olungeyugana lungeyugana
Class 14 buyogana obuyogana buyogana abuyugana obungeyugana bungeyugana
Class 15 kuyogana okuyogana kuyogana akuyugana okungeyugana kungeyugana
Class 17 kuyogana okuyogana kuyogana akuyugana okungeyugana kungeyugana
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngigane ngingagani
2nd singular ugane ungagani
1st plural sigane singagani
2nd plural nigane ningagani
Class 1 agane angagani
Class 2 bagane bangagani
Class 3 ugane ungagani
Class 4 igane ingagani
Class 5 ligane lingagani
Class 6 agane angagani
Class 7 sigane singagani
Class 8 zigane zingagani
Class 9 igane ingagani
Class 10 zigane zingagani
Class 11 lugane lungagani
Class 14 bugane bungagani
Class 15 kugane kungagani
Class 17 kugane kungagani
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngagana ngangagana, angagana, angangagana
2nd singular wagana wangagana, awagana, awangagana
1st plural sagana sangagana, asagana, asangagana
2nd plural nagana nangagana, anagana, anangagana
Class 1 wagana wangagana, akagana, akangagana
Class 2 bagana bangagana, abagana, abangagana
Class 3 wagana wangagana, awagana, awangagana
Class 4 yagana yangagana, ayagana, ayangagana
Class 5 lagana langagana, alagana, alangagana
Class 6 agana angagana, awagana, awangagana
Class 7 sagana sangagana, asagana, asangagana
Class 8 zagana zangagana, azagana, azangagana
Class 9 yagana yangagana, ayagana, ayangagana
Class 10 zagana zangagana, azagana, azangagana
Class 11 lwagana lwangagana, alwagana, alwangagana
Class 14 bagana bangagana, abagana, abangagana
Class 15 kwagana kwangagana, akwagana, akwangagana
Class 17 kwagana kwangagana, akwagana, akwangagana

References[edit]