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See also: Liver
From Middle English lyvere, lyver, from Old English lifer (“liver”), from Proto-West Germanic *libru, from Proto-Germanic *librō, from Proto-Indo-European *leyp- (“to smear, smudge, stick”), from Proto-Indo-European *ley- (“to be slimy, be sticky, glide”). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Líeuwer, Lieuwer (“liver”), West Frisian lever (“liver”), Dutch lever (“liver”), German Leber (“liver”), Danish, Norwegian and Swedish lever (“liver”) (the last three from Old Norse lifr (“liver”)). Related to live.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈlɪvə/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈlɪvɚ/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɪvə(ɹ)
- Hyphenation: liv‧er
liver (countable and uncountable, plural livers)
- (anatomy) A large organ in the body that stores and metabolizes nutrients, destroys toxins and produces bile. It is responsible for thousands of biochemical reactions.
- Steve Jobs is a famous liver transplant recipient.
- (countable, uncountable) This organ, as taken from animals used as food.
- I'd like some goose liver pate.
- You could fry up some chicken livers for a tasty treat. — Nah, I don't like chicken liver.
- 1993, Philippa Gregory, Fallen Skies, →ISBN, page 222:
- "I should think you've rocked the boat enough already by refusing to eat liver."
- A dark brown colour, tinted with red and gray, like the colour of liver.
- (obsolete chemistry) Any of various chemical compounds—particularly sulfides—thought to resemble livers in color.
- He gave his horse some liver of antimony.
- The noun is often used attributively to modify other words. Used in this way, it frequently means "concerning the liver", "intended for the liver" or "made of liver" .
- cat liver fluke
- chicken liver
- chopped liver
- cod liver oil
- fatty liver
- Fried Liver Attack
- hobnail liver
- liver and onions
- liver cancer
- liver fluke
- liver function test
- liver of antimony
- liver salts
- liver sausage
- liver spot
- liver wing
- nutmeg liver
- sea liver
- sheep liver fluke
- yellow liver
organ of the body
organ as food
liver (not comparable)
- Of the colour of liver (dark brown, tinted with red and gray).
- 2006, Rawdon Briggs Lee, A History and Description of the Modern Dogs of Great Britain & Ireland, →ISBN, page 298:
- His friend Rothwell, who had the use of the best Laveracks for breeding purposes, wrote him that one of his puppies was liver and white.
From Middle English lyvere, livere, equivalent to live + -er.
liver (plural livers)
- Someone who lives (usually in a specified way).
- 1603, Michel de Montaigne, chapter 31, in John Florio, transl., The Essayes […], book II, London: […] Val[entine] Simmes for Edward Blount […], →OCLC:
- Ephori of Sparta, hearing a dissolute liver propose a very beneficial advise unto the people, commaunded him to hold his peace, and desired an honest man to assume the invention of it unto himselfe and to propound it.
- 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: […], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, →OCLC, partition II, section 3, member 7:
- a wicked liver may be reclaimed, and prove an honest man […].
- 1718, Mat[thew] Prior, “Solomon on the Vanity of the World. A Poem in Three Books.”, in Poems on Several Occasions, London: […] Jacob Tonson […], and John Barber […], →OCLC, (please specify the page):
- Try if life be worth the liver's care.
- 1815 , William Wordsworth, Resolution and Independence:
- […] a stately speech; / Such as grave Livers do in Scotland use, / Religious men, who give to God and Man their dues.
- 2014, Walter Raubicheck; Anya Morlan, Christianity and the Detective Story, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, →ISBN:
- A great lover of the faith, a great defender of the faith, a great lover of life, great liver of life, great defender of life. And yet he plotted and planned over fifty murders, and carried each of one them out—if only on paper, and if only for our pleasure.
- comparative form of live: more live
- 2001, Adam F featuring MOP (lyrics and music), “Stand Clear”:
- […] manslaughter, liver than camcorder
- Seeing things on a big screen somehow makes them seem liver.
- liver bird (etymologically unrelated)
- Alternative form of lyvere (“liver”)
- Alternative form of lyvere (“living being”)
- Alternative form of lyveren
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *leyp-
- English terms inherited from Middle English
- English terms derived from Middle English
- English terms inherited from Old English
- English terms derived from Old English
- English terms inherited from Proto-West Germanic
- English terms derived from Proto-West Germanic
- English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic
- English terms derived from Proto-Germanic
- English 2-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms with audio links
- Rhymes:English/ɪvə(ɹ)/2 syllables
- English lemmas
- English nouns
- English uncountable nouns
- English countable nouns
- English terms with usage examples
- English terms with quotations
- English terms with obsolete senses
- English adjectives
- English uncomparable adjectives
- English terms suffixed with -er (agent noun)
- English terms suffixed with -er (comparative)
- Rhymes:English/aɪvə(ɹ)/2 syllables
- English non-lemma forms
- English comparative adjectives
- English homophones
- English heteronyms
- Breton lemmas
- Breton nouns
- Breton masculine nouns
- Middle English lemmas
- Middle English nouns
- Middle English verbs
- Norwegian Nynorsk non-lemma forms
- Norwegian Nynorsk verb forms