यकृत्

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hyákr̥, from Proto-Indo-European *Hyékʷr̥ (liver). Cognate with Avestan 𐬫𐬁𐬐𐬀𐬭𐬆 (yākarə), Persian جگر (jegar), Latin iecur, Ancient Greek ἧπαρ (hêpar), Old Armenian լեարդ (leard).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /jɐ́.kr̩t̪/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈjɐ.kr̩t̪/
  • Noun[edit]

    यकृत् (yákṛtn

    1. the liver
      • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.163.3
        यक्ष्मं मतस्नाभ्यां यक्नः प्लाशिभ्यो वि वृहामि ते ॥
        yakṣmaṃ matasnābhyāṃ yaknaḥ plāśibhyo vi vṛhāmi te .
        From kidneys, liver, and from the spleen, I drive thy malady away.

    Declension[edit]

    Declension of यकृत्
    Nom. sg. यकृत् (yakṛt)
    Gen. sg. यक्नः (yaknaḥ)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative यकृत् (yakṛt)
    Vocative
    Accusative यकृत् (yakṛt)
    Instrumental यक्ना (yaknā)
    Dative
    Ablative यक्नः/यकृतः (yaknaḥ/yakṛtaḥ)
    Genitive यक्नः (yaknaḥ)
    Locative यकृति (yakṛti)

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 838