ἧπαρ

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See also: ήπαρ

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *yêkʷər, from Proto-Indo-European *Hyékʷr̥. Cognates include Sanskrit यकृत् (yákṛt), Latin iecur, Old Armenian լեարդ (leard), Persian جگر‏ (jegar).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /hɛ̂ː.par/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈ(h)e.par/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈi.par/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈi.par/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈi.par/
  • Noun[edit]

    ἧπᾰρ (hêparn (genitive ἥπᾰτος); third declension

    1. liver

    Declension[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]

    • ἧπαρ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
    • ἧπαρ in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
    • ἧπαρ in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
    • ἧπαρ in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
    • ἧπαρ in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
    • ἧπαρ in Trapp, Erich, et al. (1994–2007) Lexikon zur byzantinischen Gräzität besonders des 9.-12. Jahrhunderts [the Lexicon of Byzantine Hellenism, Particularly the 9th–12th Centuries], Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
    • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill