mba

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See also: Mba, MBA, ḿbà, and mbà

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mba f

  1. Eclipsed form of ba.
    Blíonn siad a mba gach lá.
    They milk their cows every day.

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

mba (triggers lenition)

  1. Eclipsed form of ba.
    mba chapall méif I were a horse

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ba bha mba
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Malagasy[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

mba

  1. to, in order to
  2. as

Swahili[edit]

Noun[edit]

mba (n class, plural mba)

  1. dandruff

Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-imba, from Proto-Bantu *-jìmba.

Verb[edit]

-mba

  1. (intransitive) to dig
  2. (intransitive) to burrow
  3. (transitive) to dig up, unearth, excavate

Inflection[edit]

Tone L, latent i
Infinitive ukumba
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukumba ukungembi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yimba yimbe
Plural yimbani yimbeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyemba, ngimba engimbayo, engimba ngimba angimbi engingembi ngingembi
2nd singular uyemba, umba ombayo, omba umba awumbi ongembi ungembi
1st plural siyemba, simba esimbayo, esimba simba asimbi esingembi singembi
2nd plural niyemba, nimba enimbayo, enimba nimba animbi eningembi ningembi
Class 1 uyemba, umba ombayo, omba emba akembi ongembi engembi
Class 2 bayemba, bemba abembayo, abemba bemba abembi abangembi bengembi
Class 3 uyemba, umba ombayo, omba umba awumbi ongembi ungembi
Class 4 iyemba, imba embayo, emba imba ayimbi engembi ingembi
Class 5 liyemba, limba elimbayo, elimba limba alimbi elingembi lingembi
Class 6 ayemba, emba embayo, emba emba awembi angembi engembi
Class 7 siyemba, simba esimbayo, esimba simba asimbi esingembi singembi
Class 8 ziyemba, zimba ezimbayo, ezimba zimba azimbi ezingembi zingembi
Class 9 iyemba, imba embayo, emba imba ayimbi engembi ingembi
Class 10 ziyemba, zimba ezimbayo, ezimba zimba azimbi ezingembi zingembi
Class 11 luyemba, lumba olumbayo, olumba lumba alumbi olungembi lungembi
Class 14 buyemba, bumba obumbayo, obumba bumba abumbi obungembi bungembi
Class 15 kuyemba, kumba okumbayo, okumba kumba akumbi okungembi kungembi
Class 17 kuyemba, kumba okumbayo, okumba kumba akumbi okungembi kungembi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngimbile, ngimbē engimbile, engimbē ngimbile, ngimbē angimbanga engingembanga ngingembanga
2nd singular umbile, umbē ombile, ombē umbile, umbē awumbanga ongembanga ungembanga
1st plural simbile, simbē esimbile, esimbē simbile, simbē asimbanga esingembanga singembanga
2nd plural nimbile, nimbē enimbile, enimbē nimbile, nimbē animbanga eningembanga ningembanga
Class 1 umbile, umbē ombile, ombē embile, embē akembanga ongembanga engembanga
Class 2 bembile, bembē abembile, abembē bembile, bembē abembanga abangembanga bengembanga
Class 3 umbile, umbē ombile, ombē umbile, umbē awumbanga ongembanga ungembanga
Class 4 imbile, imbē embile, embē imbile, imbē ayimbanga engembanga ingembanga
Class 5 limbile, limbē elimbile, elimbē limbile, limbē alimbanga elingembanga lingembanga
Class 6 embile, embē embile, embē embile, embē awembanga angembanga engembanga
Class 7 simbile, simbē esimbile, esimbē simbile, simbē asimbanga esingembanga singembanga
Class 8 zimbile, zimbē ezimbile, ezimbē zimbile, zimbē azimbanga ezingembanga zingembanga
Class 9 imbile, imbē embile, embē imbile, imbē ayimbanga engembanga ingembanga
Class 10 zimbile, zimbē ezimbile, ezimbē zimbile, zimbē azimbanga ezingembanga zingembanga
Class 11 lumbile, lumbē olumbile, olumbē lumbile, lumbē alumbanga olungembanga lungembanga
Class 14 bumbile, bumbē obumbile, obumbē bumbile, bumbē abumbanga obungembanga bungembanga
Class 15 kumbile, kumbē okumbile, okumbē kumbile, kumbē akumbanga okungembanga kungembanga
Class 17 kumbile, kumbē okumbile, okumbē kumbile, kumbē akumbanga okungembanga kungembanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāmba engāmba ngāmba angimbanga engingembanga ngingembanga
2nd singular wāmba owāmba wāmba awumbanga ongembanga ungembanga
1st plural sāmba esāmba sāmba asimbanga esingembanga singembanga
2nd plural nāmba enāmba nāmba animbanga eningembanga ningembanga
Class 1 wāmba owāmba āmba akembanga ongembanga engembanga
Class 2 bāmba abāmba bāmba abembanga abangembanga bengembanga
Class 3 wāmba owāmba wāmba awumbanga ongembanga ungembanga
Class 4 yāmba eyāmba yāmba ayimbanga engembanga ingembanga
Class 5 lāmba elāmba lāmba alimbanga elingembanga lingembanga
Class 6 āmba āmba āmba awembanga angembanga engembanga
Class 7 sāmba esāmba sāmba asimbanga esingembanga singembanga
Class 8 zāmba ezāmba zāmba azimbanga ezingembanga zingembanga
Class 9 yāmba eyāmba yāmba ayimbanga engembanga ingembanga
Class 10 zāmba ezāmba zāmba azimbanga ezingembanga zingembanga
Class 11 lwāmba olwāmba lwāmba alumbanga olungembanga lungembanga
Class 14 bāmba obāmba bāmba abumbanga obungembanga bungembanga
Class 15 kwāmba okwāmba kwāmba akumbanga okungembanga kungembanga
Class 17 kwāmba okwāmba kwāmba akumbanga okungembanga kungembanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingemba ngingemba ngingembe ngingembe
2nd singular ungemba ungemba ungembe ungembe
1st plural singemba singemba singembe singembe
2nd plural ningemba ningemba ningembe ningembe
Class 1 angemba engemba angembe engembe
Class 2 bangemba bengemba bangembe bengembe
Class 3 ungemba ungemba ungembe ungembe
Class 4 ingemba ingemba ingembe ingembe
Class 5 lingemba lingemba lingembe lingembe
Class 6 angemba engemba angembe engembe
Class 7 singemba singemba singembe singembe
Class 8 zingemba zingemba zingembe zingembe
Class 9 ingemba ingemba ingembe ingembe
Class 10 zingemba zingemba zingembe zingembe
Class 11 lungemba lungemba lungembe lungembe
Class 14 bungemba bungemba bungembe bungembe
Class 15 kungemba kungemba kungembe kungembe
Class 17 kungemba kungemba kungembe kungembe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokumba engizokumba ngizokumba angizukumba ngingezukumba
2nd singular uzokumba ozokumba uzokumba awuzukumba ungezukumba
1st plural sizokumba esizokumba sizokumba asizukumba singezukumba
2nd plural nizokumba enizokumba nizokumba anizukumba ningezukumba
Class 1 uzokumba ozokumba ezokumba akazukumba engezukumba
Class 2 bazokumba abazokumba bezokumba abazukumba bengezukumba
Class 3 uzokumba ozokumba uzokumba awuzukumba ungezukumba
Class 4 izokumba ezokumba izokumba ayizukumba ingezukumba
Class 5 lizokumba elizokumba lizokumba alizukumba lingezukumba
Class 6 azokumba azokumba ezokumba awazukumba engezukumba
Class 7 sizokumba esizokumba sizokumba asizukumba singezukumba
Class 8 zizokumba ezizokumba zizokumba azizukumba zingezukumba
Class 9 izokumba ezokumba izokumba ayizukumba ingezukumba
Class 10 zizokumba ezizokumba zizokumba azizukumba zingezukumba
Class 11 luzokumba oluzokumba luzokumba aluzukumba lungezukumba
Class 14 buzokumba obuzokumba buzokumba abuzukumba bungezukumba
Class 15 kuzokumba okuzokumba kuzokumba akuzukumba kungezukumba
Class 17 kuzokumba okuzokumba kuzokumba akuzukumba kungezukumba
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokumba engiyokumba ngiyokumba angiyukumba ngingeyukumba
2nd singular uyokumba oyokumba uyokumba awuyukumba ungeyukumba
1st plural siyokumba esiyokumba siyokumba asiyukumba singeyukumba
2nd plural niyokumba eniyokumba niyokumba aniyukumba ningeyukumba
Class 1 uyokumba oyokumba eyokumba akayukumba engeyukumba
Class 2 bayokumba abayokumba beyokumba abayukumba bengeyukumba
Class 3 uyokumba oyokumba uyokumba awuyukumba ungeyukumba
Class 4 iyokumba eyokumba iyokumba ayiyukumba ingeyukumba
Class 5 liyokumba eliyokumba liyokumba aliyukumba lingeyukumba
Class 6 ayokumba ayokumba eyokumba awayukumba engeyukumba
Class 7 siyokumba esiyokumba siyokumba asiyukumba singeyukumba
Class 8 ziyokumba eziyokumba ziyokumba aziyukumba zingeyukumba
Class 9 iyokumba eyokumba iyokumba ayiyukumba ingeyukumba
Class 10 ziyokumba eziyokumba ziyokumba aziyukumba zingeyukumba
Class 11 luyokumba oluyokumba luyokumba aluyukumba lungeyukumba
Class 14 buyokumba obuyokumba buyokumba abuyukumba bungeyukumba
Class 15 kuyokumba okuyokumba kuyokumba akuyukumba kungeyukumba
Class 17 kuyokumba okuyokumba kuyokumba akuyukumba kungeyukumba
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngimbe ngingembi
2nd singular umbe ungembi
1st plural simbe singembi
2nd plural nimbe ningembi
Class 1 embe angembi
Class 2 bembe bangembi
Class 3 umbe ungembi
Class 4 imbe ingembi
Class 5 limbe lingembi
Class 6 embe angembi
Class 7 simbe singembi
Class 8 zimbe zingembi
Class 9 imbe ingembi
Class 10 zimbe zingembi
Class 11 lumbe lungembi
Class 14 bumbe bungembi
Class 15 kumbe kungembi
Class 17 kumbe kungembi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngemba angimba
2nd singular wemba awumba
1st plural semba asimba
2nd plural nemba animba
Class 1 wemba akemba
Class 2 bemba abemba
Class 3 wemba awumba
Class 4 yemba ayimba
Class 5 lemba alimba
Class 6 emba awemba
Class 7 semba asimba
Class 8 zemba azimba
Class 9 yemba ayimba
Class 10 zemba azimba
Class 11 lwemba alumba
Class 14 bemba abumba
Class 15 kwemba akumba
Class 17 kwemba akumba

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]