dig

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See also: dìg, DIG, and dIG

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English diggen (to dig), alteration of Old English dīcian (to dig a ditch, to mound up earth) (compare Old English dīcere (digger)) from dīc, dīċ (dike, ditch) from Proto-Germanic *dīkaz, *dīkiją (pool, puddle), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰīgʷ-, *dʰeygʷ- (to stab, dig). Additionally, Middle English diggen may derive from an unrecorded suffixed variant, *dīcgian. Akin to Danish dige (to dig, raise a dike), Swedish dika (to dig ditches). Related to Middle French diguer (to dig), from Old French dikier, itself a borrowing of the same Germanic root (from Middle Dutch dijc). More at ditch, dike.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dɪɡ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪɡ

Verb[edit]

dig (third-person singular simple present digs, present participle digging, simple past and past participle dug)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To move hard-packed earth out of the way, especially downward to make a hole with a shovel. Or to drill, or the like, through rocks, roads, or the like. More generally, to make any similar hole by moving material out of the way.
    They dug an eight-foot ditch along the side of the road.
    In the wintertime, heavy truck tires dig into the road, forming potholes.
    If the plane can't pull out of the dive it is in, it'll dig a hole in the ground.
    My seven-year-old son always digs a hole in the middle of his mashed potatoes and fills it with gravy before he starts to eat them.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
      Miss Thorn began digging up the turf with her lofter: it was a painful moment for me. ¶ “You might at least have tried me, Mrs. Cooke,” I said.
  2. (transitive) To get by digging; to take from the ground; often with up.
    to dig potatoes
    to dig up gold
  3. (mining) To take ore from its bed, in distinction from making excavations in search of ore.
  4. (US, slang, dated) To work like a digger; to study ploddingly and laboriously.
  5. (figuratively) To investigate, to research, often followed by out or up.
    to dig up evidence
    to dig out the facts
    • 2013 September-October, Henry Petroski, “The Evolution of Eyeglasses”, in American Scientist:
      Digging deeper, the invention of eyeglasses is an elaboration of the more fundamental development of optics technology. The ability of a segment of a glass sphere to magnify whatever is placed before it was known around the year 1000, when the spherical segment was called a reading stone, essentially what today we might term a frameless magnifying glass or plain glass paperweight.
  6. To thrust; to poke.
    He dug an elbow into my ribs and guffawed at his own joke.
    • 1551, Ralph Robinson (sometimes spelt Raphe Robynson) (translator), Utopia (originally written by Sir Thomas More)
      You should have seen children [] dig and push their mothers under the sides, saying thus to them: Look, mother, how great a lubber doth yet wear pearls.
  7. (volleyball) To defend against an attack hit by the opposing team by successfully passing the ball
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun[edit]

dig (plural digs)

  1. An archeological or paleontological investigation, or the site where such an investigation is taking place.
    Synonym: excavation
  2. (US, colloquial, dated) A plodding and laborious student.
  3. A thrust; a poke.
    Synonym: jab
    He guffawed and gave me a dig in the ribs after telling his latest joke.
    • 1961 October, “The winter timetables of British Railways: Southern Region”, in Trains Illustrated, page 593:
      Why this already very fast train should be speeded up still further, when none of the other more easily timed S.R. West of England trains has a single minute pared from its schedule, is unexplained - unless this is a playful dig at the Western Region, most of whose expresses, by reason of additional stops, will be decelerated from the same date.
  4. (Britain, dialect, dated) A tool for digging.
  5. (volleyball) A defensive pass of the ball that has been attacked by the opposing team.
  6. A cutting, sarcastic remark.
    Synonym: jibe
    • 1838, John Baldwin Buckstone, The Irish Lion. A Farce, in One Act, page 15:
      Buckram ! that's a dig at my trade.
    • 2012, Anne Applebaum, Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe 1944-56, page ccxcix:
      Entitled 'On Several Mistakes of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia', this document is broader, more theoretical and more rambling than the Polish equivalent, identifying deep problems in many spheres. But it does get in a few digs at Slánský, accusing him of having made mistakes in recruitment to the communist party.
    • 2013, William T. Vollmann, An Afghanistan Picture Show: Or, How I Saved the World:
      Unfortunately, the man was too busy, although he said hello to the Young Man politely enough and found the time to make a few digs about the postponement of the elections.
    • 2018, Paul Maunder, The Wind At My Back: A Cycling Life:
      In 'Sorted for E's and Whizz', Pulp's Jarvis Cocker wrote about losing an important part of his brain somewhere in a field in Hampshire, and took a dig at the rave scene for being hypocritical – idealistic and friendly when everyone was coming up on their pills, less so when everyone's coming down and you're trying to get a lift home – and essentially meaningless.
  7. (music, slang) A rare or interesting vinyl record bought second-hand.
    a £1 charity shop dig
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From African American Vernacular English; due to lack of writing of slave speech, etymology is difficult to trace, but it has been suggested that it is from Wolof dëgg, dëgga (to understand, to appreciate).[1] It has also been suggested that it is from Irish dtuig.[2] Others do not propose a distinct etymology, instead considering this a semantic shift of the existing English term (compare dig in/dig into).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dig (third-person singular simple present digs, present participle digging, simple past and past participle dug)

  1. (slang) To understand or show interest in.
    You dig?
    • 1974, “H2Ogate Blues”, in Winter in America, performed by Gil Scott-Heron:
      McCord has blown. Mitchell has blown. No tap on my telephone / Halderman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell, and Dean / It follows a pattern if you dig what I mean
  2. (slang) To appreciate, or like.
    Baby, I dig you.
    • 1971, Joni Mitchell (lyrics and music), “California”, in Blue:
      Oh, but California / California, I'm coming home / I'm going to see the folks I dig
    • 1975, Saul Bellow, Humboldt's Gift [Avon ed., 1976, p. 432]:
      Louie said, "I dig this Theo. I'm gonna learn Swahili and rap with him."
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Shortening.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dig (uncountable)

  1. (medicine, colloquial) Digoxin.
    dig toxicity

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smitherman, Geneva (2000), Black Talk: Words and Phrases from the Hood to the Amen Corner (revised ed.), Boston: Houghton Mifflin, →ISBN
  2. ^ Random House Unabridged, 2001
  3. ^ eg: OED, "dig", from ME vt diggen

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch dicht, from Middle Dutch dicht, from Old Dutch *thīht, from Proto-Germanic *þinhtaz.

Adjective[edit]

dig (attributive digte, comparative digter, superlative digste)

  1. closed, shut
  2. dense

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch dichten, from Middle Dutch dichten, from Latin dictō.

Verb[edit]

dig (present dig, present participle digtende, past participle gedig)

  1. (intransitive) to compose a poem
Derived terms[edit]

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /daj/, [ˈd̥ɑj], [d̥ɑ]
  • Rhymes: -aj

Pronoun[edit]

dig (nominative du, possessive din)

  1. (personal) you (2nd person singular object pronoun)

Usage notes[edit]

Also used as a reflexive pronoun with a 2nd person subject



Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dig

  1. inflection of deug:
    1. accusative/dative singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative dual

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dig dig
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndig
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French digue.

Noun[edit]

dig n (plural diguri)

  1. dike

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • dej (strongly colloquial)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse þik, from Proto-Germanic *þek, from Proto-Indo-European *te-ge.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

dig

  1. you (objective case, singular)
    Jag såg dig aldrig där
    I never saw you there
  2. reflexive case of du: compare yourself
    Skulle du vilja lära dig jonglera?
    Would you like to learn how to juggle?
    Skar du dig på kniven?
    Did you cut yourself on the knife?

Usage notes[edit]

Note that some verbs have special senses when used reflexively. For example, do not confuse du lär dig att... ("you learn to...") [reflexive] with jag lär dig att... ("I teach you to...") or du lär dig själv att... ("you teach yourself to..."). Here, lär means teach(es) if it is not reflexive, but learn(s) if it is reflexive. Thus, the separate pronoun "dig själv" is needed when object and subject agree, even though the verb should not be used in the reflexive case.

Also note that in the imperative, when there's usually no explicit subject given, the "själv" is dropped.

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Yola[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

dig

  1. a duck

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (1867) , William Barnes, editor, A glossary, with some pieces of verse, of the old dialect of the English colony in the baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, J. Russell Smith, →ISBN