sine

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See also: Sine, Síne, Sìne, sìne, -sine, and SINE

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Sine function

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sinus (bosom), a translation (or possibly a mistranslation) of Arabic جَيْب (jayb, bosom).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sine (plural sines)

  1. (trigonometry, mathematics) In a right triangle, the ratio of the length of the side opposite an angle to the length of the hypotenuse.

Usage notes[edit]

In various branches of mathematics, the sine of an angle is determined in various ways, including the following:

  • The y-coordinate of the point on the unit circle at the given anticlockwise angle from the x-axis.
  • The sum of the real or complex power series

         

    where x is in radians.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /siːnə/, [ˈsiːnə], [ˌsiːnə]

Pronoun[edit]

sine

  1. plural of sin

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

(index si)

Etymology[edit]

sini +‎ -e

Noun[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

sine

  1. bluing (blue pigment used for coloring clothes when washing)
  2. blueprint (paper-based reproduction usually of a technical drawing), diazo print, ammonia print

Declension[edit]

Inflection of sine (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative sine sineet
genitive sineen sineiden
sineitten
partitive sinetta sineita
illative sineeseen sineisiin
sineihin
singular plural
nominative sine sineet
accusative nom. sine sineet
gen. sineen
genitive sineen sineiden
sineitten
partitive sinetta sineita
inessive sineessa sineissa
elative sineesta sineista
illative sineeseen sineisiin
sineihin
adessive sineella sineilla
ablative sineelta sineilta
allative sineelle sineille
essive sineena sineina
translative sineeksi sineiksi
instructive sinein
abessive sineetta sineitta
comitative sineineen

Anagrams[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish sine, siniu, comparative form of sen (old).

Adjective[edit]

sine

  1. comparative degree of sean: older

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish sine (teat, dug, pap), from Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn. Cognate with Old Norse speni (teat), English spean (teat (of a cow)).

Noun[edit]

sine f (genitive singular sine, nominative plural siní)

  1. nipple
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sine shine
after an, tsine
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "sine" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 sine” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 3 sine” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

The function of this preposition was previously done with the use of sē, sēd (see sē-, sed), from Proto-Indo-European *swé (self), thus meaning "by itself", "without". Some still refer the si- in sine to this root, others refer it to Proto-Indo-European *só (this), whence si (if). And as sometimes nesi was also written, with -ne being (not), sine might literally mean "not this". Compare with nisi.

Others yet refer sine to Proto-Indo-European *seni (for oneself, without), itself maybe related to *swé. Thus cognate with Ancient Greek ἄτερ (áter, without), Old English sundor.

Preposition[edit]

sine

  1. (with ablative) without
    Sum sine regno.
    I am without a kingdom.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Portuguese: sem
  • Spanish: sin

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

sine

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of sinō

Middle Dutch[edit]

Determiner[edit]

sine

  1. inflection of sijn:
    1. feminine nominative and accusative singular
    2. nominative and accusative plural

Neapolitan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsinɛ/, /ˈsinɐ/

Particle[edit]

sine

  1. yes

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sínir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

sine pl

  1. plural of sin

References[edit]

  • “sin” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sínir.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /²siːnә/ invalid IPA characters (ә) (example of pronunciation)

Determiner[edit]

sine pl

  1. plural of sin

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

sine m (oblique plural sines, nominative singular sines, nominative plural sine)

  1. Alternative form of cisne

Noun[edit]

sine m (oblique plural sines, nominative singular sines, nominative plural sine)

  1. Alternative form of signe

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin , as with mine, tine.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sine (stressed reflexive-accusative form of el, ea, ei, and ele)

  1. (direct object, preceded by preposition, such as "pe", "cu", "la", or "pentru") himself, herself, itself, themselves

Synonyms[edit]

  • se (unstressed form)

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish sine (teat, dug, pap), from Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn. Cognate with Old Norse speni (teat), English spean (teat (of a cow)).

Noun[edit]

sine f (genitive singular sine, plural sinean)

  1. (anatomy) nipple, teat

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English gin.

Noun[edit]

sine f

  1. gin (drink)

Etymology 3[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Adjective[edit]

sine

  1. comparative degree of sean

Westrobothnian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sine n sg

  1. (possessive pronoun): dative neuter singular of sänn

Declension[edit]

Possessive pronoun
 Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter   
 Nominative   sänn   si   sätt
 Accusative  (säänn)   siin
 Dative   sinom   sännar   sine
 Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter   
 Nominative   siin   siin   siin
 Accusative
 Dative   sinom   sinom   sinom