sine

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Sine, Síne, síně, Sìne, sìne, -sine, and SINE

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Sine function

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin sinus (bosom), a translation of Arabic جَيْب(jayb, bosom), a misidentification of the notation جب (jb), written without vowel diacritics, standing for Arabic جِيبَ(jība, sine), in turn from Sanskrit ज्या (jyā, sine, chord, bowstring) through the similar word Sanskrit जीव (jīva, sine, chord, life, existence)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sine (plural sines)

  1. (trigonometry, mathematics) In a right triangle, the ratio of the length of the side opposite an angle to the length of the hypotenuse.

Usage notes[edit]

In various branches of mathematics, the sine of an angle is determined in various ways, including the following:

  • The y-coordinate of the point on the unit circle at the given anticlockwise angle from the positive x-axis.
  • The sum of the real or complex power series

         

    where x is in radians.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Apocope of English cinema, from French cinéma, shortening of cinématographe (term coined by the Lumière brothers in the 1890s), from the Ancient Greek κίνημα (kínēma, movement) + the French suffix -graphe.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: si‧ne

Noun[edit]

sine

  1. (dated) a cinema; a movie theater
  2. a movie; a film

Quotations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:sine.

Derived terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /siːnə/, [ˈsiːnə], [ˌsiːnə]

Pronoun[edit]

sine

  1. plural of sin

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

(index si)

Etymology[edit]

sini +‎ -e

Noun[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

sine

  1. bluing (blue pigment used for coloring clothes when washing)
  2. blueprint (paper-based reproduction usually of a technical drawing), diazo print, ammonia print

Declension[edit]

Inflection of sine (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative sine sineet
genitive sineen sineiden
sineitten
partitive sinettä sineitä
illative sineeseen sineisiin
sineihin
singular plural
nominative sine sineet
accusative nom. sine sineet
gen. sineen
genitive sineen sineiden
sineitten
partitive sinettä sineitä
inessive sineessä sineissä
elative sineestä sineistä
illative sineeseen sineisiin
sineihin
adessive sineellä sineillä
ablative sineeltä sineiltä
allative sineelle sineille
essive sineenä sineinä
translative sineeksi sineiksi
instructive sinein
abessive sineettä sineittä
comitative sineineen
Possessive forms of sine (type hame)
possessor singular plural
1st person sineeni sineemme
2nd person sineesi sineenne
3rd person sineensä

Anagrams[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish sine, siniu, comparative form of sen (old).

Adjective[edit]

sine

  1. comparative degree of sean: older

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish sine (teat, dug, pap), from Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn. Cognate with Old Norse speni (teat), English spean (teat (of a cow)).

Noun[edit]

sine f (genitive singular sine, nominative plural siní)

  1. nipple
Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sine shine
after an, tsine
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

The function of this preposition was previously done with the use of sē, sēd (see sē-, sed), from Proto-Indo-European *swé (self), thus meaning "by itself", "without". Some still refer the si- in sine to this root, others refer it to Proto-Indo-European *só (this), whence si (if). And as sometimes nesi was also written, with -ne being (not), sine might literally mean "not this". Compare with nisi.

Others yet refer sine to Proto-Indo-European *seni (for oneself, without), itself maybe related to *swé or a locative of *senH. Thus cognate with Ancient Greek ἄτερ (áter, without), Old English sundor.

Preposition[edit]

sine (+ ablative)

  1. without
    Sum sine regno.
    I am without a kingdom.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Catalan: sense
  • Franco-Provençal: sen
  • French: sans
  • Friulian: cence
  • English: sans

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

sine

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of sinō

Middle Dutch[edit]

Determiner[edit]

sine

  1. inflection of sijn:
    1. feminine nominative/accusative singular
    2. nominative/accusative plural

Neapolitan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsinɛ/, /ˈsinɐ/

Particle[edit]

sine

  1. yes

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sínir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

sine pl

  1. plural of sin

References[edit]

  • “sin” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.

See also[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sínir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

sine pl

  1. plural of sin

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

sine m (oblique plural sines, nominative singular sines, nominative plural sine)

  1. Alternative form of cisne

Noun[edit]

sine m (oblique plural sines, nominative singular sines, nominative plural sine)

  1. Alternative form of signe

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, itself from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /sʲi.nʲe/

Noun[edit]

sine m

  1. nipple, teat

Inflection[edit]

Usual declension:

Masculine io-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sine sineL siniL
Vocative sini sineL siniu
Accusative sineN sineL siniuH
Genitive siniL sineL sineN
Dative siniuL sinib sinib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

A variant dental-stem declension can also be found.

Masculine d-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sine sinidL, sine sinid
Vocative sine sinidL, sine sineda
Accusative sinidN sinidL, sine sineda
Genitive sined sined sinedN
Dative sinidL sinedaib sinedaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Like siur and seir, this term lenited with /f/, spelled ph or f, instead of the typical /h/, in this case due to its descent from Proto-Celtic sɸ-.

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
sine phine, fine unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sine

  1. inflection of siny:
    1. neuter nominative/accusative/vocative singular
    2. nonvirile nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin , as with mine, tine.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sine (stressed reflexive-accusative form of el, ea, ei, and ele)

  1. (direct object, preceded by preposition, such as "pe", "cu", "la", or "pentru") himself, herself, itself, themselves

Synonyms[edit]

  • se (unstressed form)

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish sine (teat, dug, pap), from Proto-Celtic *sɸenyos, from Proto-Indo-European *pstḗn. Cognate with Old Norse speni (teat), English spean (teat (of a cow)).

Noun[edit]

sine f (genitive singular sine, plural sinean)

  1. (anatomy) nipple, teat

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English gin.

Noun[edit]

sine f

  1. gin (drink)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Irish sine (old age, seniority, antiquity), from sen (old).

Noun[edit]

sine f

  1. oldness
  2. old age

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Adjective[edit]

sine

  1. comparative degree of sean (old)

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
sine shine
after "an", t-sine
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Westrobothnian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sine n sg

  1. (possessive pronoun): dative neuter singular of sänn

Declension[edit]

Possessive pronoun
 Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter   
 Nominative   sänn   si   sätt
 Accusative  (säänn)   siin
 Dative   sinom   sännar   sine
 Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter   
 Nominative   siin   siin   siin
 Accusative
 Dative   sinom   sinom   sinom