ei

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Catalan[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ei

  1. hey (exclamation to get attention)

Further reading[edit]


Classical Nahuatl[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ei

  1. Obsolete spelling of ēyi

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch ei, from Old Dutch *ei, from Proto-West Germanic *aij, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛi̯/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ei
  • Rhymes: -ɛi̯
  • Homophone: IJ

Noun[edit]

ei n (plural eieren, diminutive eitje n)

  1. egg
    Een of ander insect heeft hier eitjes gelegd.
    A certain insect has laid eggs here.
    Wie heeft deze eieren gekookt?Who boiled these eggs?

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: eier
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: airi
  • Jersey Dutch: āi
  • Negerhollands: ee, eiu, eyu, eju

Anagrams[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Proto-Finno-Ugric negative verb stem *e- ~ *ä- ~ *a-. Cognates include Finnish ei and Northern Sami ii.

Adverb[edit]

ei

  1. no (a negating expression)

Antonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

ei

  1. (auxiliary verb) don't, doesn't, not: used in negative forms of non-imperative verbs. Ma ei tea. I don't know. (Compare: Ma tean. I know.)

Usage notes[edit]

The verb follows the word ei.

In the present tense indicative, the form of the verb coincides with the imperative of the second person singular. In past tenses indicative, the form of the verb is personal past participle. In the conditional mood, the form of the verb coincides with third person singular conditional in the present tense or the past tense. In the indirect mood, the form of the verb is the indirect form.

Derived terms[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse eigi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ei

  1. not

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • ei og ikki - as well as, both ... and
  • grát ei - do not weep (song title by Eivør Pálsdóttir, 2007)

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The indicative forms are from Proto-Finnic *e-, from Proto-Uralic *e- ~ *ä- ~ *a- (negative verb stem). The imperative forms are from Proto-Finnic *älä-, from the Proto-Finno-Ugric negative imperative verb stem *älä-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈei̯/, [ˈe̞i̯]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ei
  • Syllabification(key): ei

Verb[edit]

ei (third-person singular form)

  1. (auxiliary) The negative verb or negation verb; not, be not, do not, etc.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The negation verb is used with the connegative form of the main verb.
  • In the active voice, the verb ei is inflected in person and mood (only for imperative, otherwise the indicative forms are used).
    • In the indicative mood and present tense (including for olla in the perfect tense), the connegative form is identical to the second-person singular imperative.
    • In the indicative mood and past tense (including for olla in the pluperfect tense and the main verb in the perfect and pluperfect tenses), the connegative form is the past active participle (-nut / -nyt).
    • In the conditional and potential moods, the connegative ends with the mood markers -isi- and -ne- (without the personal ending), respectively.
    • In the imperative mood, the connegative form is the same as the positive form for the second-person singular, while for the other forms a form ending in -ko / -kö is used.
  • In the passive voice, the third-person singular ei (or älköön for the imperative mood) is used.
    • In the present tense, the connegative form is the impersonal or passive form without the final -an / -än (indicative), -in (conditional), -en (potential) and -on / -ön (imperative).
    • In the past tense (including the perfect and pluperfect tenses), the connegative form is the past passive participle (-ttu / -tty).
  • The total object in the negative is always in the partitive case, not the accusative case (whether that be the nominative, genitive or a special form):
    Näen koiran. → En näe koiraa.I see a dog. → I don't see a dog. (accusative → partitive)
    Näen naiset. → En näe naisia.I see the women. → I don't see the women. (accusative → partitive)
    Näen sinut. → En näe sinua.I (can) see you. → I don't see you. (accusative → partitive)

Conjugation[edit]

  • The negation verb has no infinitive form.
  • Indicative, conditional and potential moods use the indicative forms (stem e-), for which the verb is conjugated only in person (the moods are distinguished by the connegative form used).
  • In the imperative mood the negation verb has the stem äl-. As with all verbs, the first-person plural imperative is formal or dated, while the third-person imperative (both singular and plural) is dated.
  • An archaic optative mood exists and is used mainly in poetry.
person indicative mood imperative mood optative mood
1st sing. en
2nd sing. et älä (ällös)
3rd sing. ei älköön (älköön)
1st plur. emme älkäämme (älköömme)
2nd plur. ette älkää (älköötte)
3rd plur. eivät älkööt (älkööt)

Derived terms[edit]

Contractions:

Related terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ei

  1. no (used to show disagreement, negation, denial, refusal, or prohibition)

Usage notes[edit]

Usually inflected for person; see above.

Antonyms[edit]


Galician[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ei

  1. gee up
    Synonym: arre
    Antonym: xo
  2. hey
    Synonyms: eh, oi

References[edit]

  • ei” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • ei” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • ei” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ei

  1. Romanization of 𐌴𐌹

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse ei. A clipping of eigi, from Proto-Germanic *ni aiw-gin (never), from *ne, *ni (not) + *aiw (always, for ever) + *-gin. Not related to Finnish ei (no).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ei

  1. (archaic, poetic) not
    Örvæntið ei!
    Despair not!
    Ég veit ei hvað skal segja.
    I know not what to say.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See e.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ei

  1. dative singular indefinite of e

References[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *e-, from the Proto-Uralic *e-. Cognates include Finnish ei and Estonian ei.

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

ei

  1. no

Antonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

ei

  1. not
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 63:
      Linnuil ono nälkä, evät rooka saa.
      The cities are hungry, they don't get food.

Conjugation[edit]

Inflection of ei
indicative imperative
1st singular en -
2nd singular et elä
3rd singular ei elköö
1st plural emmä -
2nd plural että elkää
3rd plural evät elkööt
impersonal ei elköö
*) The interrogative is formed by adding the suffix -k (-kä?) or -kse to the indicative.

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 128
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 29
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[2], →ISBN, page 15

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈej/
  • Rhymes: -ej
  • Hyphenation: éi

Etymology 1[edit]

Syncopated form of elli (he), from Vulgar Latin *illi, from Latin ille (that).

Pronoun[edit]

ei m

  1. (poetic, archaic, after the verb) Alternative form of elli

Etymology 2[edit]

Syncopated form of elli (they), from Latin illī (those).

Pronoun[edit]

ei m pl

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of elli

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ei

  1. Rōmaji transcription of えい
  2. Rōmaji transcription of エイ

Karelian[edit]

Verb[edit]

ei

  1. (does) not

Kott[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔej- ("pine"). Compare Arin aja (pine).

Noun[edit]

ei (plural en)

  1. pine tree

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔej ("tongue"). Compare Pumpokol aj (tongue).

Noun[edit]

ei (plural ējaŋ)

  1. voice, sound

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ei

  1. Alternative form of hei (expression of grief or fear)

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

  1. inflection of is:
    1. dative masculine/feminine/neuter singular
    2. nominative masculine plural

Latvian[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ei

  1. used to stimulate somebody's attention
  2. used to express pleasure, surprise or admiration

Limburgish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch ei, from Old Dutch *ei, from Proto-West Germanic *aij, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

Noun[edit]

ei n

  1. egg

Livvi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *ei. Cognates include Finnish ei and Estonian ei.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ei

  1. not

Conjugation[edit]

Inflection of ei
indicative imperative
1st singular en -
2nd singular et älä
3rd singular ei älgäh
1st plural emmo älgiämmö
2nd plural etto älgiä
3rd plural ei äldähes

References[edit]

  • N. Gilojeva; S. Rudakova (2009) Karjalan kielen Livvin murdehen algukursu [Beginners' course of Karelian language's Livvi dialect] (in Livvi), Petrozavodsk, →ISBN, page 20
  • Tatjana Boiko (2019), “ei”, in Suuri Karjal-Venʹalaine Sanakniigu (livvin murreh) [The Big Karelian-Russian dictionary (Livvi dialect)], 2nd edition, →ISBN, page 38

Malasanga[edit]

Noun[edit]

ei

  1. fire

Further reading[edit]

  • Malcolm Ross, Proto Oceanic and the Austronesian Languages of Western Melanesia, Pacific Linguistics, series C-98 (1988)

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ei

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ēi.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of ěi.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of èi.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Maquiritari[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ei

  1. (intransitive) to be

Usage notes[edit]

Many forms of this verb are irregular. Some are based on a root ei ~ e', some on a ~ aa, some on a'ja, and some on ööne ~ wene:

  • ei ~ e' is used with most tense/aspect/mood markers and all adverbial and nominal derivatives of the verb.
  • a ~ aa is used for the nonpast form, question forms, and two third-person forms na'ñojo and naichü.
  • a'ja is used for past imperfectives.
  • ööne ~ wene is used for the permanent aspect; this is the only verb in the language that has such an aspect.

The verb also takes an irregular suffix -ya in place of the ordinary recent/distant past perfective suffix -i. Similarly, the plural form of the same suffix is -yato rather than -icho.

This verb can be used as an auxiliary to form various constructions, making it possible to express tense/aspect/mood for constructions made with non-finite verb forms by putting the relevant markers on the copula instead.

References[edit]

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “ei”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon, page 215–216, 238–239

Mbyá Guaraní[edit]

Noun[edit]

ei

  1. honey

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *ei, from Proto-West Germanic *aij, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

Noun[edit]

ei n

  1. egg

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ei”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “ei”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

ei

  1. Alternative form of ey (egg)

Murui Huitoto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Huitoto-Ocaina *ḗʔī-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛi̯]
  • Hyphenation: ei

Root[edit]

ei

  1. mother

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ei

  1. vocative of eiño (mother)

Noun[edit]

ei

  1. Synonym of eiño (mother)

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Shirley Burtch (1983) Diccionario Huitoto Murui (Tomo I) (Linguistica Peruana No. 20)‎[3] (in Spanish), Yarinacocha, Peru: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, page 75
  • Katarzyna Izabela Wojtylak (2017) A grammar of Murui (Bue): a Witotoan language of Northwest Amazonia.[4], Townsville: James Cook University press (PhD thesis), page 125

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse einn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

ei

  1. feminine singular of en

Pronoun[edit]

ei

  1. feminine singular of en

Adverb[edit]

ei

  1. (archaic) not

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

ei

  1. imperative of eie

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse einn.

Article[edit]

ei f (masculine ein, neuter eit)

  1. a, an (indefinite article)
    Ei ny bok.
    A new book.

Pronoun[edit]

ei

  1. feminine singular of ein

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Norwegian eigh, from Old Norse eigi.

Adverb[edit]

ei

  1. not
    Synonyms: ikkje, kje

References[edit]

  • “ei” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • “ei”, in Norsk Ordbok: ordbok over det norske folkemålet og det nynorske skriftmålet, Oslo: Samlaget, 1950-2016

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *aij, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm. Akin to Old English ǣġ, Old Norse egg.

Further Indo-European cognates include Latin ōvum and Ancient Greek ᾠόν (ōión)

Noun[edit]

ei n

  1. (zoology) an egg

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle High German: ei
    • Alemannic German:
      Swabian: Oi
    • Bavarian: Oa
      Mòcheno: oi
    • German: Ei
    • Luxembourgish: Ee
    • Vilamovian: e
    • Yiddish: איי(ey)

Old Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ei

  1. here is, here are

Descendants[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *aij, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

Noun[edit]

ei n

  1. egg

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Low German: ei, egg, eig
    • Low German:
      • German Low German: Ei
        Westphalian:
        Lippisch: Egg
        Märkisch: Ägg
        Ravensbergisch: Åich
        Sauerländisch: Ai
        Westmünsterländisch: Äi
      • Plautdietsch: Ei

Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese eis.

Pronoun[edit]

ei

  1. there

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ei (not comparable)

  1. Apocopic form of eis; used preceding the pronouns lo, la, los or las

Etymology 2[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ei

  1. hey (exclamation to get attention)

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin illī, nominative masculine plural of ille.

Pronoun[edit]

ei m pl (third-person plural, feminine equivalent ele)

  1. (nominative form) they (used for an all-male or mixed-sex group)
Declension[edit]
Nominative
ei
Accusative
stressed unstressed
ei îi
Genitive
one form for all numbers and genders
lor
Dative
stressed unstressed
lor le
Reflexive
Accusative Dative
stressed unstressed stressed unstressed
sine se sieși își
Synonyms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ei m (stressed accusative form of ei)

  1. (direct object, preceded by preposition, such as "pe", "cu", "la", or "pentru") them (all-male or mixed-sex group)

Related terms[edit]

  • el (third-person masculine singular)
  • ea (third-person feminine singular)
  • ele (third-person feminine plural)

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *illaei, from Latin illa, from ille.

Pronoun[edit]

ei f (genitive form of ea, masculine equivalent lui, plural lor)

  1. her
    Ai cartea ei?
    Do you have her book?
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ei f (stressed dative form of ea, masculine equivalent lui, plural lor)

  1. to her
Synonyms[edit]
  • îi (unstressed form)

Sabu[edit]

ei

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Noun[edit]

ei

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)

References[edit]

  • ABVD
  • Comparative Austronesian Dictionary

Scots[edit]

Noun[edit]

ei (plural een)

  1. (South Scots) an eye.

Pronoun[edit]

ei

  1. (South Scots, personal) he (alternative form of hei)

Tedim Chin[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ei

  1. we

References[edit]

  • Zomi Ordbog based on the work of D.L. Haokip

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *e-. Cognates include Finnish ei.

Verb[edit]

ei

  1. not; expresses negation.

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of ei
indicative imperative
1st singular en
2nd singular ed ala
3rd singular ei algha
1st plural em algam
2nd plural et algat
3rd plural ei algha

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “не, ни”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Welsh[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *esyo m and *esyās f; compare Old Irish a (his, her, its, their) and Sanskrit अस्य (asyá, his, its) and अस्यास् (asyā́s, her).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 'i (after vowels)
  • 'w (after i)

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

ei

  1. his, its (with reference to a masculine noun; triggers soft mutation of following consonant)
    Gwelir y thema dro ar ôl tro yn ei gerddi a’i emynau.
    The theme is seen repeatedly in his poems and his hymns.
  2. her, its (with reference to a feminine noun; triggers aspirate mutation of following consonant and h-prothesis of a following vowel)
    Gwelir y thema dro ar ôl tro yn ei cherddi a’i hemynau.
    The theme is seen repeatedly in her poems and her hymns.

Pronoun[edit]

ei

  1. him, it (with reference to masculine nouns; as object of a verbal noun; triggers soft mutation of following consonant)
    • 18th century, Wil Hopcyn, “Bugeilio’r gwenith gwyn”:
      Myfi’n bugeilio’r gwenith gwyn,
      Ac arall yn ei fedi.
      Me watching the white wheat,
      And another reaping it.
  2. her, it (with reference to masculine nouns; as object of a verbal noun; triggers aspirate mutation of following consonant and h-prothesis of a following vowel)
    • Traditional, “Milgi, milgi”:
      Ar ben y bryn mae sgwarnog fach, ar hyd y nos mae'n pori
      A’i chefen brith a’i bola bola gwyn yn hidio dim am filgi.
      On top of the hill there's a little hare, all night long she grazes
      With her speckled back and her white white belly without taking any heed of any greyhound.
Usage notes[edit]
  • In formal Welsh, masculine ef or feminine hi is added after the noun or verbnoun which ei precedes to indicates emphasis on the determiner or pronoun. In colloquial Welsh, the masculine takes e or o (southern and northern forms respectively) after a consonant and fe or fo (southern and northern) after a vowel, whereas the feminine takes hi, but is not necessarily an indicator of emphasis. Here, it is often included with the determiner and always included with the pronoun. The exception to the latter case is in passive constructions employing cael, where no addition is found.
  • In formal Welsh, the contraction 'i is a valid form of ei found after mostly functional vowel-final words. In colloquial Welsh, ei is often contracted to 'i after almost any vowel-final word. The exception is both forms of the language is after the preposition i (to, for), after which ei contracts to 'w. (Contraction to 'w after wedi is sometimes encountered but considered non-standard.)
  • Pronomial ei and 'i can occur before any verbal noun. Before a verb, pronomial 'i is found only in formal language after certain vowel-final preverbal particles. See entry for 'i for more information.

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ei

  1. second-person singular future of mynd (also present tense in the literary language)

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “ei”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Zou[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ei

  1. we (exclusive)

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 40