niin

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Eastern Ojibwa[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

niin

  1. first-person singular pronoun: I, me

References[edit]

Jerry Randolph Valentine (2001) Nishnaabemwin Reference Grammar, University of Toronto, page 122


Finnish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • nii (colloquial)

Etymology[edit]

The instructive plural form of ne (they (things and animals)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈniːn/, [ˈniːn]
  • IPA(key): /ˈniː/, [ˈniː] (colloquial)
  • Rhymes: -iːn
  • Syllabification(key): niin

Adverb[edit]

niin (not comparable)

  1. so, then, in that case
    Synonym: joten
  2. so, to this or that extent
    Söin niin paljon, että oksensin.
    I ate so much that I vomited.
  3. like that, in that way, so (in a way that the speaker does not directly show)
    Älä tee niin!
    Don't do that!
    Päätimme niin eilisessä kokouksessa.
    We decided so in yesterday's meeting.
  4. very (to a great extent; especially when used emphatically or when talking about how one feels)
    Tuo on niin kaunis!
    That is so beautiful!
  5. (dialectal) Used to stress a contradicting element in a sentence. No unambiguous translation into English.
    Synonym: (standard) -pas
    No, lapset, ei saa pierrä syödessä! – Saa, niin! – Tulee selkään niin että roikuu!
    – Hey, children, it is not allowed to fart when eating! – Yes it is! – And now you'll be hit boisterously!

Usage notes[edit]

  • Niin as an answer often has an additional meaning of "of course". As in the example, the interrogative suffix -ko/kö is usually attached to the point of the question.
  • In spoken, colloquial Finnish, it is common for the final n to be silent (i.e. pronounced as nii)

Derived terms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

niin

  1. (coordinating) then; used to introduce the main clause after an auxiliary clause
    • 1876, Edla Pöyry (lyrics), trad., Lauri-Kalle Kallunki (music), “Siionin laulu 260: Mun kotini taivaassa ihana on [Songs and Hymns of Zion, 574b: My Beautiful Home Is in Heaven on High]”Herman Brueckner (1932), Alexandra Glynn (2008), transl.,:
      Kun maailma kuohuu ja on levoton, / niin Taivas vain rauhaa voi antaa
      This earth is so restless, how often I sigh! / My heart for my homeland is yearning.
      (literally, “When the world turmoils and is in unrest, / [then] Heaven alone may give peace”)
    Jos yöllä on selkeää, niin tulee kova pakkanen.
    If it's clear at night, then it'll be heavy frost.
  2. (~ kuin) as well as
    niin siellä kuin täälläin there as well as in here

Usage notes[edit]

  • When used in conjunction with jos (if), niin can often be omitted when no emphasis is desired.

Interjection[edit]

niin

  1. yes, yeah (especially when asked to confirm something)
    Synonyms: kyllä, joo, juu, jep
  2. right (either indicating agreement or having no opinion)
    Synonyms: aivan, jep, niinpä, näin, näinpä

Usage notes[edit]

  • Affirmation is traditionally expressed through repetition of the verb.
– No oliko se ruoka hyvää? – Oli.
– Well, did you like the food? – I did.

Pronoun[edit]

niin

  1. Instructive form of ne.

Ingrian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Instructive of neet (these). Akin to Finnish niin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

niin

  1. yes

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

niin

  1. so (in that way)
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 52:
      Niin sannoot kaikkiin maijen tööläiset.
      So say the workers of all countries.
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova; V. G. Erdeli, Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, transl., Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 5:
      Tuli niin, jot möö mänimmä ääree seitsemän kilometran päähä laagerist.
      So it turned out, that we went about seven kilometers away from the camp.
  2. so (in that case)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Niin is used anaphorically (having a referent whithin the linguistic context), while näin is used deictically (having a referent outside the linguistic context). Compare a similar difference between neet (these, those) and nämät (these).

Conjunction[edit]

niin

  1. Used to join two verbal phrases in a causal relation: therefore

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 133
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 342

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

niin

  1. Rōmaji transcription of にいん

Ojibwe[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

niin (Syllabics: ᓃᓐ)

  1. first-person singular pronoun: I, me
    Gegaa gii-pizikawaa anishaa go niin gaa-ikowebinag.:
    She would have been almost run over if it hadn't been for me pushing her out of the way.

Usage notes[edit]

Unlike in English, the first person is often expressed in Ojibwe by adding the personal prefix ni- and a corresponding suffix to the verb. The indepedent personal pronoun niin is often use to express emphasis or contrast, or when there is no verb in the sentence.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]