jos

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Jos, jós, , još, Jos., and Joś

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

jos

  1. plural of jo

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *jos. Originally the lative singular of joka; jo- +‎ -s (lative suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈjos/, [ˈjo̞s̠]
  • Rhymes: -os
  • Syllabification(key): jos

Conjunction[edit]

jos

  1. (subordinating) if (supposing that)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *jos. Cognates include Finnish jos and Livvi jos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

jos

  1. if
    • 1937, V. A. Tetjurev, translated by N. I. Molotsova, Loonnontiito (ensimäin osa): oppikirja alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 5:
      Jos kynnetyn maan pääl möö kaivaamma havvan, nii havvan servääs möö näemmä slojan mustaa tali harmaata maata.
      If in the surface of the earth we dig a pit, then on the edge of the pit we see a layer of black or grey soil.
  2. so that, in order that

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the sense "if", jos can be used with either a conditional, an indicative or an infinitive. The first tense is used to describe irrealis conditions, the second to describe future conditions, and the third one is used to give general statements:
    Jos siä kuralle katsoisit, siis minnua näkisit.If you looked to the left, then you would see me.
    Jos siä kuralle katsot, siis minnua näät.If you look to the left, then you will see me.
    Jos kuralle katsoa, saap minnua nähhä.If one looks to the left, he will be able to see me.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 106

Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

jõs

  1. (third-person feminine plural) they
  2. third-person singular genitive of ji
  3. (third-person singular feminine possessive) her
Declension[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

jõs

  1. third-person singular/plural future of joti

Livvi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *jos.

Conjunction[edit]

jos

  1. if

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Pertti Virtaranta; Raija Koponen (2009), “jos”, in Marja Torikka, editor, Karjalan kielen sanakirja, Helsinki: Kotus, →ISSN

Mauritian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi जोश (joś).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jos

  1. pleasure; happiness
    Synonym: lazwa

Northern Sami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Finnic (compare Finnish jos).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈjos/

Conjunction[edit]

jos

  1. if

Further reading[edit]

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002–2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[1], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin iūsum. Cognate to Italian giù.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

jos

  1. under, beneath, below

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin deorsum, through a Late Latin or Vulgar Latin root *deosum, *diosum. Compare Italian giù, Sardinian giòssu, Occitan jos, Sicilian jusu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

jos

  1. down
    Antonym: sus

See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

jos m or n (feminine singular joasă, masculine plural joși, feminine and neuter plural joase)

  1. low
  2. down

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

jos c

  1. fruit juice

Usage notes[edit]

  • The usual Swedish spelling is juice. Jos is a less-used variant coined during the 1970s.

Declension[edit]

Declension of jos 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative jos josen joser joserna
Genitive jos josens josers josernas