mikä

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See also: mika and Mika

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *mi +‎ -kä (*mikä), from Proto-Uralic *mi. Cognate with Estonian mis, Veps mi, Võro miä, Erzya мезе (meze), мень (menʹ), Hungarian mi.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmikæ/, [ˈmikæ]
  • Rhymes: -ikæ
  • Syllabification(key): mi‧kä

Pronoun[edit]

mikä (stem mi-)

  1. (interrogative) which, what.
  2. (indefinite) whatever.
  3. (relative) which, that, what.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (relative) Mikä is used to refer to a whole sentence (1), a superlative or a noun modified by a superlative (2) or a pronoun not referring to a person (3):
  • (1) Kaikki menikin lopulta hyvin, mikä oli suuri helpotus.
    Ultimately, everything went well which was a great relief.
  • (2) Se on parasta, mitä minulle on koskaan tapahtunut.
    It/That is the best that has ever happened to me.
  • (2) Se on paras elokuva, minkä (~jonka) olen koskaan nähnyt.
    It/That is the best film that I have ever seen.
  • (3) Hän todisti sen, mikä oli todistettavissa.
    He proved what was provable.
  • (3) Hän todisti kaiken, mikä oli todistettavissa.
    He proved everything that was provable.

Determiner[edit]

mikä

  1. (interrogative) what, which

Inflection[edit]

  • Irregular. Some cases are never used.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (relative): mi (archaic, poetic)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *mikä, from Proto-Uralic *mi. Cognates include Estonian mis and Finnish mikä.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mikä

  1. (interrogative) what?
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 42:
      Mikä ono, arvatkaa?
      What is it, guess?
  2. (indefinite) whatever
  3. (relative) which, that, what
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 52:
      Möö määmmä sitä teetä, minen näytti meille Lenin.
      We follow this way, which Lenin showed us.

Declension[edit]

Declension of mikä
singular plural
nominative mikä mit
genitive minen
partitive mitä
illative mihe
inessive mis
elative mist
allative mille
adessive mil
ablative milt
translative miks
essive minennä
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 100
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 309
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[2], →ISBN, page 73