mikä

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See also: mika and Mika

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *mi +‎ -kä (*mikä), from Proto-Uralic *mi. Cognate with Estonian mis, Veps mi, Võro miä, Hungarian mi.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmikæ/, [ˈmikæ]
  • Rhymes: -ikæ
  • Syllabification: mi‧kä

Pronoun[edit]

mikä (stem mi-)

  1. (interrogative) which, what.
  2. (indefinite) whatever.
  3. (relative) which, that, what.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (relative) Mikä is used to refer to a whole sentence (1), a superlative or a noun modified by a superlative (2) or a pronoun not referring to a person (3):
  • (1) Kaikki menikin lopulta hyvin, mikä oli suuri helpotus.
    Ultimately, everything went well which was a great relief.
  • (2) Se on parasta, mitä minulle on koskaan tapahtunut.
    It/That is the best that has ever happened to me.
  • (2) Se on paras elokuva, minkä (~jonka) olen koskaan nähnyt.
    It/That is the best film that I have ever seen.
  • (3) Hän todisti sen, mikä oli todistettavissa.
    He proved what was provable.
  • (3) Hän todisti kaiken, mikä oli todistettavissa.
    He proved everything that was provable.

Determiner[edit]

mikä

  1. (interrogative) what, which

Inflection[edit]

  • Irregular. Some cases are never used.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (relative): mi (archaic, poetic)

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *mi, from Proto-Uralic *mi. Cognates include Estonian mis and Finnish mikä.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mikä

  1. what?
    Mikä se on?What is this?
  2. which, that
    Se on ommeena, mitä miä söön.This is the apple, that I am eating.

Determiner[edit]

mikä

  1. which? what?
    Mitä omennaa miä söön?What kind of apple am I eating?

Declension[edit]

Inflection of mikä
singular plural
nominative mikä mit
genitive minen minen
partitive mitä mitä
illative mihe mihe
inessive miss miss
elative mist mist
allative mille mille
adessive mill mill
ablative milt milt
translative miks miks
essive min min
1930s inflection of mikä
singular plural
nominative mikä mit
genitive minen minen
partitive mitä mitä
illative mihe mihe
inessive mis mis
elative mist mist
allative mille mille
adessive mil mil
ablative milt milt
translative miks miks
essive minennä minennä

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 100
  • Vitalij Chernyavskij (2005) Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[2], page 22
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachinkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[3], →ISBN, page 73