temporal

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See also: temporâl

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɛm.pə.ɹəl/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛmpəɹəl

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English temporal, temporel (transitory, worldly, material, of secular society), from Old French temporel or Latin temporālis (of time (in grammar), temporary, relating to time as opposed to eternity), from tempus (time, period, opportunity) +‎ -ālis.

Adjective[edit]

temporal (not comparable)

  1. (relational) Of or relating to the material world, as opposed to sacred or clerical.
    temporal power, temporal courts
    Synonyms: secular, lay, civil
    Antonyms: spiritual, ecclesiastical
    • 2011, Thomas Penn, Winter King: The Dawn of Tudor England, Penguin Books, page 166:
      Not long before, he had ruefully acknowledged in a letter to his pious mother that most of his appointments to the bench of bishops had been motivated by distinctly temporal impulses.
  2. (relational) Relating to time:
    1. Of limited time, transient, passing, not perpetual, as opposed to eternal.
      1. (euphemistic) Lasting for a short time only.
    2. Of or relating to time as distinguished from space.
    3. Of or relating to the sequence of time or to a particular time.
      Synonym: chronological
    4. (grammar) Relating to or denoting time or tense.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

temporal (plural temporals)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) Anything temporal or secular; a temporality.
    • 1684, John Dryden, The History of the League, translation of Histoire de la Ligue by Louis Maimbourg:
      for God's people love always to be dealing as well in temporals as spirituals
    • 1876, James Russell Lowell, “Dante”, in Among My Books: Second Series:
      He assigns supremacy to the pope in spirituals, and to the emperor in temporals.

Etymology 2[edit]

Middle English, from Middle French timporal, temporal, from Late Latin temporālis, from tempora (the temples of the head) +‎ -ālis (-al, adjectival suffix). Doublet of temporalis.

Adjective[edit]

temporal (not comparable)

  1. (anatomy, relational) Of or situated in the temples of the head or the sides of the skull behind the orbits.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

temporal (plural temporals)

  1. (anatomy) Ellipsis of temporal bone.
  2. (zootomy) Any of a reptile's scales on the side of the head between the parietal and supralabial scales, and behind the postocular scales.

References[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin temporalis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

temporal m (plural temporals)

  1. storm

Adjective[edit]

temporal (masculine and feminine plural temporals)

  1. temporary
  2. temporal

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Cimbrian[edit]

Noun[edit]

temporàl m

  1. (Luserna) thunderstorm

References[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from New Latin temporālis, from tempus (temple) (whence tempe).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

temporal (feminine singular temporale, masculine plural temporaux, feminine plural temporales)

  1. (anatomy) temporal

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Temporal

Etymology[edit]

13th century. Borrowed from Latin temporālis, from tempus (time).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

temporal m (plural temporais)

  1. (weather) rainstorm
    Synonyms: ballón, invernada
  2. (weather) windstorm
    Synonym: vendaval
  3. (weather) tempest
    Synonym: tempestade

Noun[edit]

temporal m (plural temporais)

  1. (anatomy) the temporal bone

Adjective[edit]

temporal m or f (plural temporais)

  1. temporal, pertaining to time
  2. temporal, transient, as opposed to eternal
  3. temporal, pertaining to the temples of the head
  4. (grammar) of a grammatical case in Hungarian

References[edit]

  • temporal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • temporal” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • temporal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • temporal” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • temporal” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

temporal (not comparable)

  1. temporal

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin temporālis, from Latin tempus (time).

Adjective[edit]

temporal (neuter singular temporalt, definite singular and plural temporale)

  1. temporal (related to time)
  2. temporal (related to the temples)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /tẽ.poˈɾaw/, [tẽ.poˈɾaʊ̯]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /tẽ.puˈɾal/, [tẽ.puˈɾaɫ]

  • Hyphenation: tem‧po‧ral
  • Rhymes: -al, -aw

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin temporālis (temporal), from tempus (season, time, opportunity), from Proto-Indo-European *tempos (stretch).

Adjective[edit]

temporal m or f (plural temporais, not comparable)

  1. temporal (relating to time)
    Synonym: crónico
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From tempo (weather).

Noun[edit]

temporal m (plural temporais)

  1. downpour; heavy rain
    Synonyms: tempestade, vendaval

Etymology 3[edit]

From têmpora (temple of the head).

Noun[edit]

temporal m (plural temporais)

  1. temporal bone
Hypernyms[edit]
Holonyms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French temporel.

Adjective[edit]

temporal m or n (feminine singular temporală, masculine plural temporali, feminine and neuter plural temporale)

  1. temporal (bone)

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin temporālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tempoˈɾal/, [t̪ẽm.poˈɾal]

Adjective[edit]

temporal (plural temporales)

  1. temporal (of or relating to time)
  2. temporary
    Synonym: temporario
  3. (anatomy) temporal (of the temples of the head)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

temporal m (plural temporales)

  1. storm
    Synonyms: tempestad, vendaval

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]