reptile

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Reptile, réptile, and rep-tile

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English reptil, from Old French reptile, from Late Latin rēptile, neuter of reptilis (creeping), from Latin rēpō (to creep), from Proto-Indo-European *rep- (to creep, slink) (Pokorny; Watkins, 1969).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

reptile (plural reptiles)

  1. A cold-blooded vertebrate of the class Reptilia; an amniote that is not a synapsid or a bird.
  2. (figuratively) A mean or grovelling person.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, volume (please specify |volume=I to VI), London: A[ndrew] Millar [], OCLC 928184292:
      This work may, indeed, be considered as a great creation of our own; and for a little reptile of a critic to presume to find fault with any of its parts, without knowing the manner in which the whole is connected, and before he comes to the final catastrophe, is a most presumptuous absurdity.
    • 1836 March – 1837 October, Charles Dickens, “(please specify the chapter name)”, in The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, London: Chapman and Hall, [], published 1837, OCLC 28228280:
      "That reptile," whispered Pott, catching Mr. Pickwick by the arm, and pointing towards the stranger. "That reptile — Slurk, of the Independent!"
    • 1847, Emily Brontë, Wuthering Heights, chapter XXVII:
      {...} If I pitied you for crying and looking so very frightened, you should spurn such pity. Ellen, tell him how disgraceful this conduct is. Rise, and don’t degrade yourself into an abject reptile—don’t!’
  3. (cladistics) A member of the clade Sauropsida.

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Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

reptile (not comparable)

  1. Creeping; moving on the belly, or by means of small and short legs.
  2. Grovelling; low; vulgar.
    a reptile race or crew; reptile vices

Synonyms[edit]

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin rēptilis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

reptile m (plural reptiles)

  1. reptile

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rēptile

  1. neuter nominative singular of rēptilis
  2. neuter accusative singular of rēptilis
  3. neuter vocative singular of rēptilis