時間

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: 时间

Chinese[edit]

 
o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period
 
interstice; separate; between; among; space; (measure word)
trad. (時間)
simp. (时间)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Initial () (25) (28) (28)
Final () (19) (73) (73)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨ/ /kˠɛn/ /kˠɛnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑɨ/ /kᵚæn/ /kᵚænH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑie/ /kæn/ /kænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑɨ/ /kəɨn/ /kəɨnH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiə/ /kɛn/ /kɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭə/ /kæn/ /kænH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi/ /kăn/ /kănH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chí jiān jiàn

Noun[edit]

時間

  1. (uncountable) time (the inevitable passing of events from future to present then past)
    時間 / 时间  ―  Shíjiān cuī rén lǎo.  ―  Time ages us.
    時間來得及 / 时间来得及  ―  Shíjiān hái láidejí.  ―  All in good time.
    抓緊時間 / 抓紧时间  ―  Zhuājǐn shíjiān!  ―  Get a move on!
    浪費時間 / 浪费时间  ―  làngfèi shíjiān  ―  to waste time
  2. (countable) time (a quantity of availability in time) (Classifier: m)
  3. (countable) time (a measurement of a quantity of time; a numerical indication of a length of time) (Classifier: m)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (時間):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
かん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Probably originally borrowed from Middle Chinese compound 時間 (dzyi kɛn, literally time interval). Repurposed in the early Meiji period as a translation of the western term time in relation to philosophy in the 1881 publication of 哲学字彙 (Tetsugaku Jii, Philosophy Dictionary) compiled by Inoue Tetsujirō.[1]

The reading is a mix of the goon reading ji and the kan'on reading kan, suggesting either that the reading changed after borrowing (from the expected goon pronunciation of jiken or the expected kan'on pronunciation of shikan), or that this term was independently coined in Japanese after the constituent terms  () (ji) and  (かん) (kan) were borrowed.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

時間 (hiragana じかん, rōmaji jikan)

  1. time
     () (かん) (なん)ですか。
    Jikan wa nan desu ka.
    What is the time?
  2. an hour
     (なん) () (かん)もかかりそうです。
    Nan-jikan mo kakari sō desu.
    Apparently it will take many hours.
  3. the hours or time when something happens.
    財布 (さいふ) ()ってきて! () (もの) () (かん)ですよ!
    Saifu o motte kite! Kaimono no jikan desu yo!
    Bring your wallet! It's shopping time!
     (えい) (ぎょう) () (かん)月火水 (げつかすい) () (ぜん) () ()から () () () ()までです。
    Eigyō jikan wa getsu ka sui, gozen ku-ji kara gogo ni-ji made desu.
    Business hours are Monday to Wednesday, 9 AM to 2 PM.
  4. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
     () (かん)です!
    Jikan desu!
    Time's up!

Usage notes[edit]

The more general word for time, as in when something happens, is (toki).

  •  (うみ) () ()った (とき)
    umibe ni itta toki
    the time I went to the beach, when I went to the beach

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Counter[edit]

時間 (hiragana じかん, rōmaji -jikan)

  1. an hour-long period
     (いち) () (かん) () () (かん) () () (かん) (はん)
    ichi-jikan, ni-jikan, go-jikan han
    one hour, two hours, five and a half hours

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

時間 (sigan) (hangeul 시간)

  1. Hanja form? of 시간, “time, an hour or hours”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

時間

  1. Hán tự form of thời gian, “time