時間

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: 时间

Chinese[edit]

 
o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period
 
interstice; separate; between; among; space; (measure word)
trad. (時間)
simp. (时间)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Initial () (25) (28) (28)
Final () (19) (73) (73)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨ/ /kˠɛn/ /kˠɛnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑɨ/ /kᵚæn/ /kᵚænH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑie/ /kæn/ /kænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑɨ/ /kəɨn/ /kəɨnH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiə/ /kɛn/ /kɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭə/ /kæn/ /kænH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi/ /kăn/ /kănH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chí jiān jiàn

Noun[edit]

時間

  1. (uncountable) time (the inevitable passing of events from future to present then past)
    時間 / 时间  ―  Shíjiān cuī rén lǎo.  ―  Time ages us.
    時間來得及 / 时间来得及  ―  Shíjiān hái láidejí.  ―  All in good time.
    抓緊時間 / 抓紧时间  ―  Zhuājǐn shíjiān!  ―  Get a move on!
    浪費時間 / 浪费时间  ―  làngfèi shíjiān  ―  to waste time
    打發時間 / 打发时间  ―  dǎfa shíjiān  ―  to kill time
  2. (countable) time (a quantity of availability in time) (Classifier: m)
  3. (countable) time (a measurement of a quantity of time; a numerical indication of a length of time) (Classifier: m)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (時間):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
かん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Probably originally borrowed from Middle Chinese compound 時間 (dzyi kɛn, literally time interval). Repurposed in the early Meiji period as a translation of the western term time in relation to philosophy in the 1881 publication of 哲学字彙 (Tetsugaku Jii, Philosophy Dictionary) compiled by Inoue Tetsujirō.[1]

The reading is a mix of the goon reading ji and the kan'on reading kan, suggesting either that the reading changed after borrowing (from the expected goon pronunciation of jiken or the expected kan'on pronunciation of shikan), or that this term was independently coined in Japanese after the constituent terms  () (ji) and  (かん) (kan) were borrowed.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

時間 (hiragana じかん, rōmaji jikan)

  1. time
     () (かん)ありますか?
    Jikan wa arimasu ka?
    Do you have any time?
     () (かん)いつでも大丈夫 (だいじょうぶ)です。
    Jikan wa itsu de mo daijōbu desu.
    Any time works for me.
    もうこんな () (かん)
    Mō konna jikan!
    My, will you look at the time!
     () (かん)ルーズ
    jikan ni rūzu
    never on time
    (literally, “lax about time”)
     () (かん) (くう) (かん) (かん) (けい)
    jikan to kūkan no kankei
    the relationship between time and space
  2. hour
    1 (いち) () (かん)60分 (ろくじっぷん)です。
    Ichi-jikan wa rokujippundesu.
    One hour is 60 minutes.
  3. the hours or time when something happens
     () (けん) () (かん) (おく)れた
    shiken jikan ni okureta
    was late for the exam
    (literally, “failed to make it to the time of the exam”)
     (えい) (ぎょう) () (かん)月火水 (げつかすい) () (ぜん) () ()から () () () ()までです。
    Eigyō jikan wa getsu-ka-sui, gozen ku-ji kara gogo ni-ji made desu.
    Business hours are Monday to Wednesday, 9 AM to 2 PM.
     () (かん)です!
    Jikan desu!
    Time's up!
    あまり () (かん)がなくてすみません
    amari jikan ga nakute sumimasen
    sorry for not having the time (to do something)

Usage notes[edit]

The more general word for time, as in when something happens, is (toki).

  •  (うみ) () ()った (とき)
    umibe ni itta toki
    the time I went to the beach, when I went to the beach

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Counter[edit]

時間 (hiragana じかん, rōmaji -jikan)

  1. an hour-long period
     (いち) () (かん) () () (かん) () () (かん) (はん)
    ichi-jikan, ni-jikan, go-jikan han
    one hour, two hours, five and a half hours
     (なん) () (かん)かかりそうです。
    Nan-jikan mo kakari sō desu.
    Apparently it will take many hours.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

時間 (sigan) (hangeul 시간)

  1. Hanja form? of 시간 (time, an hour or hours).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

時間

  1. Hán tự form of thời gian, “time