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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8001
Code point U+8001
Entity number 老
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
耀 [U+8000] [U+8002]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
老-bw.png
Stroke order
老-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 125 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十大心 (JKP), four-corner 44711, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 960, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28842
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1407, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2778, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8001

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
老-oracle.svg 老-bronze.svg 老-silk.svg 老-bigseal.svg 老-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(hair) +  ‎(old man) – an old man, leaning on a cane. Compare top component to (OC *qʰruːs).

Cognate to (OC *kʰluːʔ); the most commonly cited example of 轉注 (“reciprocal meaning”).

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Compare Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-raw ‎(withered, residue, corpse), *rwat ‎(stiff, tough), whence Burmese ရော် ‎(rau, wither, become overripe; age), ရွတ် ‎(rwat, old, stiff, tough). See also (), ().

An old Sino-Vietnamese borrowing is rệu ‎(overripe, pulpy).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lawX/
Li
Rong
/lɑuX/
Wang
Li
/lɑuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lǎo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ lawX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.rˤuʔ/
English old

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7666
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ruːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. old, aged, elderly (for persons, animate and inanimate objects generally)
  2. the elderly, one's elders
  3. experienced
  4. to respect (the elderly, one's elders)
  5. overcooked, tough, stringy, hard (used in reference to cooked food or meat)
  6. stale, not fresh (used in reference to food or potable liquids)
  7. always, all the time
  8. (chiefly dialectal) very, quite
    (hěn)
  9. (affectionate, respectful) Used before surnames to refer to heads or elder members of families.
    (xiǎo) (for younger people)
  10. (usually respectful and affectionate) Used by analogy in several other relationship terms.
    • /   ―  lǎoshī  ―  teacher
    •   ―  lǎo  ―  wifey
    •   ―  lǎogōng  ―  hubby
  11. (zoology) Used before several animals considered noxious or unpleasant.
    •   ―  lǎo  ―  tiger
    •   ―  lǎoshǔ  ―  mouse
  12. (colloquial) Used before placenames, particularly countries, to form nouns.
    •   ―  lǎowài  ―  (pejorative) foreigner, furriner, whitey
    •   ―  lǎoměi  ―  (pejorative) American person, Yank
    • 毛子  ―  lǎomáozi  ―  (pejorative) Russian person

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. old age, an elderly person, the aged, the elderly

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ro, no) (hangeul , , revised ro, no, McCune-Reischauer ro, no, Yale lo, no)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lão, láu, lảo, lảu, rảu, lẩu, lẽo, lếu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.