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U+5B54, 孔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B54

[U+5B53]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B55]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 39 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓木山 (NDU), four-corner 12410, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 277, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6933
  • Dae Jaweon: page 544, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1008, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5B54

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
孔-bronze.svg 孔-bigseal.svg 孔-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰloːʔ, *qʰloːs
*kʰloːŋʔ

Bronze inscriptions: Ideogrammic compound (會意): 丿(opening) + (child) – opening in the skull of a newborn, i.e. fontanelle.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kháng - vernacular;
  • khóng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəwŋX/
Li
Rong
/kʰuŋX/
Wang
Li
/kʰuŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kǒng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kǒng
Middle
Chinese
‹ khuwngX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʰˤoŋʔ/
English (surname)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7489
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰloːŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. hole; aperture; opening
  2. Classifier for cave dwellings, oil wells, etc.
  3. A surname​.
  4. (specifically) Short for 孔子 (Kǒngzǐ, “Confucius”).

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. cavity

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gong, McCune-Reischauer: kong)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khổng, hỏng, hổng, khỏng, khủng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.