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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified
Stroke order
坏-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from ()

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土一火 (GMF), four-corner 41190, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 225, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4930
  • Dae Jaweon: page 460, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 421, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+574F

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This term, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This term, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (壞), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 皆
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古壞切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣuɛiH/ /kwăiH/ /kuɛiH/ /kʷɯæiH/ /kwəɨjH/ /kwɐiH/ /kuɐiH/
Character (壞), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 皆
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 胡怪切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣuɛiH/ /ɣwăiH/ /ɣuɛiH/ /ɦʷɯæiH/ /ɦwəɨjH/ /ɣwɐiH/ /ɣuɐiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huài ‹ hwɛjH › /*N-[k]ˤ<r>uj-s/ be destroyed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5344 2 /*ɡruːls/

Noun[edit]

  1. Unburnt pottery and bricks.
  2. A short hill.
  3. A wall.

See also[edit]

  • (unburnt pottery):
  • (hill):

Verb[edit]

  1. To use earth to fill a crack.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つき, romaji tsuki)

  1. (archaic) shallow bowl

Alternative forms[edit]

‎(hiragana さかずき, romaji sakazuki)

  1. Alternative form of

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bae) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer pae)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoại)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.