Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
坐-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(two people) +  ‎(ground) = two people sitting on the ground.[1]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人人土 (OOG), four-corner 88104, composition人)

  1. sit
  2. seat
  3. ride, travel by
  4. (archaic) to offend, to violate (a decree or law)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.yellowbridge.com/chinese/character-etymology.php?searchChinese=1&zi=%E5%9D%90#
  • KangXi: page 225, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4931
  • Dae Jaweon: page 460, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 423, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5750

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡suo⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡suo⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡suo⁵³/
Jinan /t͡suə²¹/
Qingdao /t͡suə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡suo³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡suo⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡su²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡suə¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡suə¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡suɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡suo³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡so¹³/
Guiyang /t͡so²¹³/
Kunming /t͡so²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡so⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʊ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suɤ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕye̞³⁵/
/t͡suə³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡suɤ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zu¹³/
Suzhou /zəu³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zo¹³/
Wenzhou /zo³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰo³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡sʰo²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡so⁵⁵/
/t͡so¹¹/
Xiangtan /d͡zo²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰo²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰo⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰo²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɔ²²/
/t͡sʰɔ²³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɔ²⁴/
Hong Kong /t͡sɔ²²/
/t͡sʰɔ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡so²²/
/t͡se²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɔy²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡so⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡so³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡se³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (15)
Final: (95)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zuò
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zuɑX/ /d͡zuɑX/ /d͡zuɑX/ /d͡zwaX/ /d͡zuɑX/ /d͡zuɑX/ /d͡zʱuɑX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (15)
Final: (95)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zuò
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zwaH/ /d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zʱuɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zuò ‹ dzwaX › /*[dz]ˤo[j]ʔ/ sit
zuò ‹ dzwaX › /*m-[dz]ˤo[j]ʔ/ to set
zuò ‹ dzwaH › /*[dz]ˤo[j]ʔ-s/ seat n.

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
18064 3 /*zoːlʔ/
18065 3 /*zoːls/

Verb[edit]

  1. to sit
  2. to go by, travel by, ride
    飛機上海 / 飞机上海  ―  zuò fēijī qù Shànghǎi.  ―  I go to Shanghai by plane.
    開車火車 / 开车火车  ―  Tā kāichē qù, bù zuò huǒchē qù.  ―  She does not go by train, she drives.

See also[edit]

  • (shàng, “to board”)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jwa) (hangeul , revised jwa, McCune-Reischauer chwa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tọa, ngồi, toà, toạ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.