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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zoːls): semantic 广 ‎(house on cliff) + phonetic  ‎(OC *zoːlʔ, *zoːls)

Han character[edit]

(radical 53 广+7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈人人土 (IOOG), four-corner 00214, composition广)

  1. seat
  2. stand, base

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 346, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 655, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 886, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5EA7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (15)
Final: (95)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zuò
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zwaH/ /d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zʱuɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zuò ‹ dzwaH › /*[dz]ˤo[j]ʔ-s/ seat n.

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
18066 3 /*zoːls/

Noun[edit]

(classifier ())

  1. seat
  2. stand, base
  3. classifier for buildings, mountains and similar immovable objects

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -za)

  1. names of constellations
  2. names of theaters

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jwa) (hangeul , revised jwa, McCune-Reischauer chwa, Yale cwa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(toạ, toà, phụng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.