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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *doːɡ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *djoɡ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 大竹田中戈 (KHWLI), four-corner 46227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 719, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20725
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1130, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1372, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7368

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/duk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/duk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/duk̚/
Wang
Li
/duk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ duwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˤok/
English alone; only

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11818
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*doːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. alone, single, solitary
    獨自独自 (dúzì, “by oneself”)
  2. the old and childless

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dok) (hangeul , revised dok, McCune-Reischauer tok, Yale tok)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(độc, dọc)

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