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See also:
U+6FC1, 濁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6FC1

[U+6FC0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6FC2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 85, +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 水田中戈 (EWLI), four-corner 36127, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 654, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18440
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1064, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1758, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6FC1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
濁-bronze-warring.svg 濁-silk.svg 濁-seal.svg 濁-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rdoːɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *djoɡ).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ta̍k - vernacular;
  • cho̍k - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (10)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠʌk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚɔk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡɔk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖaɨwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȡɔk̚/
Wang
Li
/ȡɔk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱɔk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuó
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zoek6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuó
Middle
Chinese
‹ dræwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[N-tˁ]rok/
English muddy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11813
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rdoːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. muddy; turbid; dirty; filthy
  2. chaotic; disorderly
  3. (of voice) deep and thick
  4. (phonetics, of consonants) voiced
  5. (Cantonese) to choke; to gag
Synonyms[edit]
  • (to choke): (qiāng)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(Min Nan) dirty”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. muddy

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ɖˠʌk̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 탁〮 (thák) (Yale: thak) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 흐릴 (heuril tak))

  1. Hanja form? of (muddy, cloudy).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: trọc, đục, rục, sộc, chọc, trạc, trọa/troạ, trộc, trậc

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.