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See also:
U+6E3E, 渾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E3E

[U+6E3D]
CJK Unified Ideographs 渿
[U+6E3F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水月十十 (EBJJ), four-corner 37156, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 635, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17800
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1043, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1687, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6E3E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
渾-bigseal.svg 渾-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰul
*qʰul
*qʰul
*qʰul
*qʰul, *ɡuːn, *ɡuːnʔ
*qʰul, *ɡuːn
*qʰul
*qʰons, *ɢuns
*kuːn
*kuːn, *ɢuns
*kuːnʔ, *ɡuːnʔ, *ɢuns
*kuːns, *ɡuːnʔ
*kuːns
*ŋɡuːn
*ŋɡuːn, *ŋɡuːns, *ɡuːn
*ŋɡuːns
*ɡuːn, *ɢuns
*ɡuːn, *ɡuːnʔ
*ɡuːn
*ɡuːn
*ɡuːn
*ɡuːnʔ
*kun
*kun, *kuns
*ŋɡunʔ
*ŋɡunʔ
*qʰun
*qunʔ
*qunʔ
*ɢuns
*ɢuns
*ɢuns

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (33)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuən/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuon/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwən/
Li
Rong
/ɣuən/
Wang
Li
/ɣuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hún
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hún
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤ[u]r/
English chaotic

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 7321
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sound of spouting
  2. muddy
  3. muddled
  4. whole
  5. totally
  6. flourishing, vigorous
  7. still
  8. name of several rivers
  9. Short for 吐谷渾吐谷浑 (tǔyùhún).
  10. A surname​.

Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (33)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwənX/
Li
Rong
/ɣuənX/
Wang
Li
/ɣuənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hùn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hún
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwonX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤurʔ/
English chaotic

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 7328
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuːnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. large
  2. to mix
  3. simple; plain
  4. pure
  5. Short for 渾天浑天.
  6. Short for 渾天儀浑天仪 (húntiānyí).

Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 渾渾浑浑 (gǔngǔn, “alternative form of 滾滾; rolling along”).
  2. to fall

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. all
  2. turbidity

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hon) (hangeul , revised hon, McCune-Reischauer hon, Yale hon)

  1. muddy, turbid
  2. blend, merge, mix

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồn, hỗn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.